The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd | Date: 2017-07-19
The invention provides materials and methods for producing fruit of altered size, or plants that produce fruit of altered size, by altering expression of miRNA172 in the plants producing the fruit. The invention provides methods and materials for producing the plants and fruit of altered size by genetic modification (GM) and non-GM means. The invention also provides the plants and fruit of altered size. The altered size can be increased or decreased size.
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd | Date: 2017-06-07
The invention provides materials and methods for producing coreless fruit, or plants that produce coreless fruit. The invention involves combining reduced expression of AGAMOUS (AG) with parthenocarpy. Parthenocarpy can be induced by hormone treatment, or can be provided by reduced or eliminated expression of PISTILATA (PI) or APETALA3 (AP3). The invention provides methods and materials for producing the plants and coreless fruit by genetic modification (GM) and non-GM means. The invention also provides the plants and coreless fruit.
Vanneste J.L.,The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd
Annual Review of Phytopathology | Year: 2017
The introduction of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) severely damaged the New Zealand kiwifruit industry, which in 2010 was based on only two cultivars. Despite an extraordinarily quick and strong response by industry, government, and scientists to minimize the economic and social impacts, the economic consequences of this outbreak were severe. Although our understanding of Psa epidemiology and control methods increased substantively over the past six years, the kiwifruit industry largely recovered because of the introduction of a less-susceptible yellow-fleshed cultivar. The New Zealand population of Psa is clonal but has evolved rapidly since its introduction by exchanging mobile genetic elements, including integrative conjugative elements (ICEs), with the local bacterial populations. In some cases, this has led to copper resistance. It is currently believed that the center of origin of the pathogen is Japan or Korea, but biovar 3, which is responsible for the global outbreak, originated in China. © 2017 by Annual.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE.2010.1.1-01 | Award Amount: 10.25M | Year: 2011
Fruit Breedomics has as its strategic goal to improve the efficiency of fruit breeding by bridging the gap between scientific genetics research and application in breeding. Fruit Breedomics takes a multidisciplinary approach, including genetics, genomics, ecophysiology and bioinformatics, to improve the efficiency apple and peach breeding programmes by: i) developing new and adapted tools, ii) studying a wide range of traits to enlarge the coverage of selection criteria, iii) analysing and exploiting the wide genetic diversity available, iv) making the research outputs (valuable traits, genetic markers and genes, innovative tools and methodologies, new plant material) directly applicable for the breeders, v) establishing a stakeholder network. Fruit Breedomics will provide the European fruit tree sector with cutting-edge breeding tools to improve selection efficiency as well as superior pre-breeding material to meet grower and consumer demands for healthy cultivars of high quality that can be grown in sustainable agriculture systems in the context of climate change. The project will develop tailored molecular and bioinformatics tools to extensively exploit the diversity present in European germplasm collections and breeding populations. This will lead to the selection of desired favourable genes needed for improvement of main horticultural traits. The collected data will provide precious genetic information on the pool of genitors and founders to be used in future breeding programmes. The project will focus primarily on apple and peach, two major fruits in Europe, but many tools and much knowledge gained will also be of benefit to other species of the Rosaceae family via the strong ancestral relatedness among these species.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.2-04 | Award Amount: 8.53M | Year: 2014
The DROPSA consortium will create new knowledge and understanding of the damage and losses of fruit crops resulting from pests and pathogens, with a specific focus on the new and emerging threats due to Drosophila suzukii and quarantine pathogens Pseudomonas syringae, Xanthomonas fragariae and X. arboricola. The project will deliver a cost effective approach that can be widely implemented by the EU fruit industry. The aims and objectives are to: Determine the pathways of introduction and spread of D. suzukii and pathogens into the EU and develop preventative strategies and recommendations against the introduction of other dangerous fruit pests and pathogens. Determine the biology, ecology and interaction of these pests and diseases in different regions of Europe. This will involve a comprehensive evaluation of the life cycles, host ranges, capacities to disperse, the identification of natural enemies, plant-pathogen interactions as well as the semiochemicals involved in the behaviour of D. suzukii. The biology will provide the platform to develop practical solutions for sustainable pest control. Develop innovative and effective control options using approved chemicals, semiochemicals, novel antimicrobial compounds and biological control agents as well as cultural practices, sterile insect techniques and new mode of action compounds. The most reliable and effective control options will be combined to optimise an integrated pest management (IPM) strategy. Develop forecasting and decision support systems and risk mapping as a component of IPM. The economic viability of proposed strategies for fruit crop protection will be evaluated and used to support decision making in the implementation of IPM strategies to protect the EU fruit sector. To protect intellectual property (IP) and to undertake dissemination and exploitation actions to maximise the impact and up take of the recommended IPM by commercial fruit growers.
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd | Date: 2013-02-21
A system (100) for determining a property of an object (106) comprises an inducing arrangement (102), a detector (104) and a processor. The inducing arrangement (102) is configured to generate an impulse of fluid and for directing the impulse of fluid towards the object to induce a physical vibration of the object (106). The inducing arrangement (102) does not contact the object 106 when inducing the physical vibration of the object (106). The detector (104) is configured to detect the physical vibration of the object (106). The detector (104) does not contact the object 106 when detecting the physical vibration of the object (106). The processor is coupled to the detector (104) for determining the property of the object (106) based on at least the detected physical vibration.
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd | Date: 2016-04-06
The present invention relates to fungicidal compositions comprising soybean oil, polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, and one or more antioxidants. The invention also relates to a fungicidal method employing a composition of the invention. The compositions and methods of the invention have applications in the management (prevention and control) of fungal growth in commercial and small scale crop production.
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd | Date: 2013-12-20
The invention provides isolated polynucleotides comprising sequences encoding a u ORF peptides and variants and fragments thereof. The invention also provides constructs and vectors containing the polynucleotides. The invention further provides cells, plant cells and plants transformed with the polynucleotides and constructs. The invention also provides methods of using the polynucleotides to control expression of operably linked polynucleotides. The invention also provides methods of manipulating GDP-L-Galactose phosphorylase (GGP) expression and ascorbate production in plants utilising the polynucleotides of the invention.
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd | Date: 2015-03-09
The invention provides a pigment composition comprising anthocyanic vacuolar inclusions or AVIs from a plant, and an acceptable carrier. The invention also provides methods for colouring products with the pigment composition, and products comprising the pigment composition or AVIs.
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd | Date: 2014-04-29
The present invention relates to fungicidal compositions and particularly fungicidal compositions comprising anhydrous milk fat (AMF), soybean oil and/or coconut fat. The invention also relates to a fungicidal method employing a composition of the invention. The compositions and methods of the invention have applications in the management (prevention and control) of fungal growth in commercial and small scale crop production.