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Krahe B.,University of Potsdam | Tomaszewska P.,University of Potsdam | Kuyper L.,Rutgers WPF | Kuyper L.,The Netherlands Institute for Social Research | And 2 more authors.
Aggression and Violent Behavior | Year: 2014

Sexual aggression poses a serious threat to the sexual well-being of young people. This paper documents the available evidence on the prevalence of sexual aggression perpetration and victimization from 27 EU countries, established as part of the Youth Sexual Aggression and Victimization (Y-SAV) project. A total of N=. 113 studies were identified through a systematic review of the literature and consultations with experts in each country. Despite differences in the number of available studies, methodology, and sample composition, the review shows substantial prevalence rates of sexual aggression perpetration and victimization across Europe. A wide variation was found, both within and between countries. The lifetime prevalence rates of female sexual victimization, excluding childhood sexual abuse, ranged from 9 to 83%, the rates of male sexual victimization ranged from 2 to 66%, the rates of male sexual aggression ranged from 0 to 80%, and the range of female sexual aggression ranged from 0.8 to 40%. One-year prevalence rates showed a similar variability. Conceptual and methodological problems in the database are discussed, and an outline is presented for a more harmonized approach to studying the scale of sexual aggression among young people in Europe. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


van Gool C.H.,National Institute for Public Health and the Environment | Picavet H.S.J.,National Health Research Institute | Deeg D.J.H.,VU University Amsterdam | de Klerk M.M.Y.,The Netherlands Institute for Social Research | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Epidemiology | Year: 2011

Background: It is not clear whether recent increases in life expectancy are accompanied by a concurrent postponement of activity limitations. The objective of this study was to give best estimates of the trend in the prevalence of activity limitations among the non-institutionalized population aged 55-84 years over the period 1990-2007 in The Netherlands. Methods: We examined self-reports on 12 measures of moderate or severe activity limitations in stair climbing, walking and getting dressed as assessed by OECD long-term disability questionnaire or Short Form-36 (SF-36) items, using original data from five population-based crosssectional and longitudinal surveys (n=54 847 respondents). To account for heterogeneity between surveys, we used meta-analyses to study time trends. Results: Time trends of 10 out of the 12 activity limitation variables studied were stable. The prevalence of at least moderate activity limitations in stair climbing [odds ratio (OR)=1.03)] and getting dressed (OR=1.04) based on OECD items increased over the study period. Age- and gender-stratified time trend analyses showed consistent patterns. Conclusions: No declines were observed in the prevalence of activity limitations in the Dutch older population over the period 1990-2007. The increase in life expectancy in this period is accompanied by a stable prevalence of most activity limitations. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association © The Author 2011; all rights reserved.


PubMed | Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research and The Netherlands Institute for Social Research
Type: | Journal: Health & social care in the community | Year: 2016

Differential provision of local services and amenities has been proposed as a mechanism behind the relationship between social capital and health. The aim of this study was to investigate whether social capital and collective efficacy are related to the provision of social support services and amenities in Dutch municipalities, against a background of decentralisation of long-term care to municipalities. We used data on neighbourhood social capital, collective efficacy (the extent to which people are willing to work for the common good), and the provision of services and amenities in 2012. We included the services municipalities provide to support informal caregivers (e.g. respite care), individual services and support (e.g. domiciliary help), and general and collective services and amenities (e.g. lending point for wheelchairs). Data for social capital were collected between May 2011 and September 2012. Social capital was measured by focusing on contacts between neighbours. A social capital measure was estimated for 414 municipalities with ecometric measurements. A measure of collective efficacy was constructed based on information about the experienced responsibility for the liveability of the neighbourhood by residents in 2012, average charity collection returns in municipalities in 2012, voter turnout at the municipal elections in 2010 and the percentage of blood donors in 2012. We conducted Poisson regression and negative binomial regression to test our hypotheses. We found no relationship between social capital and the provision of services and amenities in municipalities. We found an interaction effect (coefficient=3.11, 95% CI=0.72-5.51, P=0.011) of social capital and collective efficacy on the provision of support services for informal caregivers in rural municipalities. To gain more insight in the relationship between social capital and health, it will be important to study the relationship between social capital and differential provision of services and amenities more extensively and in different contexts.


Jacobs M.T.,VU University Amsterdam | Broese van Groenou M.I.,VU University Amsterdam | de Boer A.H.,The Netherlands Institute for Social Research | Deeg D.J.H.,VU University Amsterdam
Health and Social Care in the Community | Year: 2014

Older adults in need of long-term care often receive help from both informal and formal caregivers. The division of tasks between these different types of caregivers may vary among such mixed care networks. Traditional models of task division suggest that formal and informal caregivers may either supplement each other or specialise in the care activities performed. Our study explores the determinants of various forms of task division in the Netherlands, using data collected in 2007 on 458 mixed care situations. Four types of task divisions of informal and formal care are distinguished: the complementation model [neither Activities of Daily Living (ADL) nor instrumental ADL (IADL) tasks shared, 14%], the supplementation model (both ADL and IADL tasks shared, 39%) and informal and formal specialisation (one type of task shared, one type of task not shared, 27% and 20% respectively). Marginal effects calculated with multinomial regression analyses show that the intensity of care provision, the informal caregivers' motives and the presence of privately paid help - more than care receiver's health - are related to type of task division with formal care. For example, when the informal caregiver provides more hours of help and out of a strong personal bond, the likelihood of informal specialisation increases, whereas the likelihood of formal specialisation decreases. When privately paid help is present, the complementation model is more likely, whereas the supplementation model is less likely to be found. Results are discussed regarding the differential consequences for co-ordination and co-operation in mixed care networks. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Coulter R.,University of St. Andrews | van Ham M.,Technical University of Delft | Feijten P.,The Netherlands Institute for Social Research
Environment and Planning A | Year: 2011

Residential mobility theory proposes that moves are often preceded by the expression of moving desires and expectations. Much research has investigated how individuals form these premove thoughts, with a largely separate literature examining actual mobility. Although a growing number of studies link premove thoughts to subsequent moving behaviour, these often do not distinguish explicitly between different types and combinations of premove thoughts. Using 1998-2006 British Household Panel Survey data, this study investigates whether moving desires and expectations are empirically distinct premove thoughts. Using multinomial regression models we demonstrate that moving desires and expectations have different meanings, and are often held in combination: the factors associated with expecting to move differ depending upon whether the move is also desired (and vice versa). Next, using panel logistic regression models, we show that different desire-expectation combinations have different effects on the probability of subsequent moving behaviour. The study identified two important groups generally overlooked in the literature: those who expect undesired moves and those who desire to move without expecting this to happen. © 2011 Pion Ltd and its Licensors.


Ras M.,The Netherlands Institute for Social Research | Ooms I.,The Netherlands Institute for Social Research | van Gameren E.,Colegio de Mexico | Eggink E.,The Netherlands Institute for Social Research
Housing Studies | Year: 2011

Reforming the system of financial instruments on the housing market is a recurring issue. This paper constructs a model explaining household behavior, in particular the effects of prices and income on the tenure choice and the level of housing consumption. It analyses the effects that may be expected of fundamental changes of financial policy instruments in the Netherlands: (1) a conversion of below market rents to market rent levels; (2) a switch from the current fiscal system for owner-occupiers to a general lump sum tax reduction; and (3) a combination of these measures. The results indicate that the initial disadvantageous effects on the housing costs are large, but the behavioral response of households and the expected changes of price levels considerably reduce or even eliminate longrun effects. Since the effects may be substantial for individual households, a well-considered transition path, as is done in other countries, should be used. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


PubMed | The Netherlands Institute for Social Research, The London School of Economics and Political Science and Harvard University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands) | Year: 2015

Though need factors would predict a higher rate of institutional use in Germany, in 2004 the percentage of people over 65 in institutions in the Netherlands was almost double the percentage in Germany. The lower nursing home utilization in Germany coincided with lower out-of-pocket costs, de facto means-testing of social assistance for such care, a lower perceived quality of nursing home, and less acceptance of the nursing home as a main care modality for adults experiencing functional impairments. These factors have developed over time and are consistent with a--relatively--large government responsibility toward care for the elderly and a preference for institutional care over home care in the Netherlands. The policy to encourage older adults to move to elderly homes to decrease the housing shortage after WWII might have had long-lasting effects. This paper points out that a key in the success of a reform is a behavioral change in the system. As there seems to be no single factor to decrease the percentage of older adults in nursing homes, a sequence of policies might be a more promising route.


PubMed | University of Amsterdam, University Utrecht and The Netherlands Institute for Social Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine | Year: 2016

To assess the well-being and substance use of sexual minority adolescents growing up in a tolerant society, we examined differences among same-sex attracted (SSA), those who do not know their attraction yet (not yet attracted [NYA]), and heterosexual Dutch adolescents.Unadjusted and adjusted logistic and linear multilevel analyses were performed using representative data of the 2013 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study (N= 5,995; 11-16years old). The adjusted analyses controlled for sociodemographics (gender, age, education type, ethnicity, urbanicity, and religion).Adjusted results showed that SSA adolescents substantially more often reported alcohol use (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]= 2.01), tobacco smoking (AOR= 2.37), and cannabis smoking (AOR= 3.52) than their heterosexual peers, while NYA participants less often reported alcohol use(AOR= .57) and equal levels of tobacco (AOR= .71) and cannabis smoking (AOR= .87) compared with heterosexual adolescents. SSA adolescents reported lower levels of life satisfaction (b=-1.25) and higher levels of psychosomatic complaints (b= .61) and emotional problems (b= 1.57) than heterosexual adolescents. NYA adolescents reported equal levels of life satisfaction (b=-.18) and psychosomatic complaints (b= .06) as heterosexual adolescents, but higher levels of emotional problems (b= .51).In Dutch society, with over 20years of inclusive policies for sexual minorities and generally tolerant population attitudes toward sexual minorities, SSA adolescents are still at increased risk of substance use and have lower levels of well-being compared with peers.


PubMed | The Netherlands Institute for Social Research and Movisie
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of sexual behavior | Year: 2016

Samples recruited at lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) venues have certain benefits, but a major drawback is that these samples are prone to bias as they only contain LGB participants who visit such venues. Empirical data with regard to the potential differences between LGB community samples and LGB general samples may shed some light on the generalizability of research findings from convenience samples recruited through LGB venues. The current study attempted to contribute to existing knowledge by examining differences in social demographics, sexual orientation, minority stress, and mental health between a convenience sample recruited at LGB venues (community sample, N = 3,403) and an LGB sample recruited from a general research panel in the Netherlands (panel sample, N = 1,000). Various differences were found. In general, community participants were younger, reported a more exclusive same-sex sexual orientation, were more open about their sexual orientation, had lower levels of internalized homonegativity, and encountered more negative social reactions on their LGB status. They also reported higher levels of psychological distress and suicidality. The Nagelkerke R (2) of the analyses (which were adjusted for sociodemographic differences) ranged from .08 (suicide plans among men) to .27 (sexual attraction among women). However, while the estimates of sociodemographics, sexual orientation, minority stress, and mental well-being differed, the relationships between these constructs were comparable in both samples. Implications and suggestions for future studies are discussed.


PubMed | Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, The Netherlands Institute for Social Research and Columbia University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: LGBT health | Year: 2016

Sexual orientation has been shown to be a risk factor for psychiatric disorders. This study compared whether sexual orientation-related disparities in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders are similar based on homosexual behavior versus attraction and tested whether, with increased acceptance of homosexuality, these disparities have diminished over time.The Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0 was administered with a total of 6,646 Dutch persons, aged 18 to 64 years.Between 2.0% and 2.5% of the participants reported same-sex sexual behavior in the preceding year or same-sex attraction. Homosexually active persons and persons with same-sex attraction reported a higher prevalence of disorders than heterosexual persons. There were more disparities in the prevalence of disorders based on sexual attraction than based on sexual behavior. Comparing these results with a previous study, showed that no significant changes over time have occurred in the pattern of health disparities.Sexual orientation continues to be a risk factor for psychiatric disorders, stressing the need for understanding the origins of these disparities.

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