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Rytkonen P.,Sodertorn University College | Bonow M.,Sodertorn University College | Johansson M.,Sodertorn University College | Johansson M.,Orebro University | Persson Y.,The National Veterinary Institute
Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B: Soil and Plant Science | Year: 2013

The re-emergence and modernization of traditional goat-cheese production in Jämtland led to the articulation of a localized agri-food system that represents the frontline of the return and reinforcement of local food in Sweden. Already in the 1970s, some initiatives were undertaken to formalize the productive activities of this branch and to improve the product quality. The most important project was the articulation of a cooperative that, unlike all other Swedish cooperatives, engaged its members in the development of a joint trademark, development of a standardized assortment, common marketing efforts and finding creative solutions for infrastructure problems. Despite the overall success, we also found some downsides. Producing goat cheese requires that at least two people are involved, because the workload often leads to body injuries and illness for people working alone. By studying the institutional frameworks, rules and regulations, the economic function and entrepreneurial dynamics, and the dynamics of knowledge and competences, the article highlights how and why farm dairies in Jämtland became reinforced and modernized. This grasps both the actions of individual economic agents and their interaction with their environment. A special emphasis was put on the role of regional authorities in this process. Even though many obstacles have been removed and the trade has found successful ways to solve strategic issues concerning product development and marketing, there are still important structural shortcomings that might decrease the profitability and endanger the future development of the trade. There is a lack of experience and infrastructure to solve more complex problems like animal health and the potential risks related to the consumption of unpasteurized cheese and the increasing incidence of Tick-Borne Encephalitis (TBE). © 2013 Copyright 2013 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. Source

Asefa D.T.,The National Veterinary Institute | Kure C.F.,N 1430 As | Gjerde R.O.,Stranda Spekemat AS | Omer M.K.,Norwegian Meat and Poultry Research Center | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Food Microbiology | Year: 2010

The aims of this study were to investigate the patterns of fungal growth on dry-cured meat products, identify the important sources and factors of contamination and recommend intervention measures. The production processes of two smoked dry-cured hams and one unsmoked dry-cured leg of lamb were studied. A longitudinal observational study was performed to collect 642 samples from the meat, production materials, room installations and indoor and outdoor air of the production facility. Standard mycological isolation and identification procedures were followed. Totally, 901 fungal isolates were obtained; of which 57% were moulds while 43% were yeast. Yeasts were dominant on meat surfaces by covering 64% of the isolates. Mould growth was not observed until late in the dry-ripening stage. Yeasts and moulds were isolated from half of the environmental samples, of which moulds contributed by 80%. More than 39 mould species were isolated from the entire production process with a 77% contribution by the species of Penicillium. Penicillium nalgiovense dominated the species composition of moulds isolated from the products and the production environment. A preliminary bioassay analysis on bacterial colonies indicated that most of the P. nalgiovense isolates have the ability to produce penicillin. Such isolates might produce penicillin on the products and can become potential food safety hazards. Improper pressing at the salting process, the air quality in salting, brining and smoking rooms and activities in the sorting room were identified as important factors and sources of fungal contamination. Technical solutions and organized production activities that reduce crack formation, airborne spore concentration and improve air circulation in the facility are recommended as intervention measures. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

Asefa D.T.,The National Veterinary Institute | Kure C.F.,N 1430 As | Gjerde R.O.,Stranda Spekemat AS | Langsrud S.,N 1430 As | And 2 more authors.
Food Control | Year: 2011

This work provided a HACCP plan for mycotoxigenic hazards associated with dry-cured meat production facility. Mycotoxigenic hazards that could emerge at each stage of the production were described. Pathogenic yeasts, toxic secondary metabolites of toxigenic moulds were identified as the potential hazards. Smoking and the dry-ripening stages of production were the critical control points identified. Critical limits for the critical control points were set based on scientific premises and recommendations set by legislative authorities. The status of the critical limits at the identified critical control points need to be monitored, verified and recorded. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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