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Gundogdu M.,Yuzuncu Yidotlessl University | Muradoglu F.,Yuzuncu Yidotlessl University | Sensoy R.I.G.,The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs | Yilmaz H.,Ahievran University
Scientia Horticulturae | Year: 2011

This study was carried out to determine the organic acid content, phenolic compound content, sugar content, vitamin C (ascorbic acid) content and total antioxidant capacity of white mulberry (Morus alba L.), black mulberry (Morus nigra L.) and red mulberry (Morus rubra L.) fruits grown in Van province of Turkey. It was determined that the chief organic acid in these mulberry species was malic acid ranging from 1.32 to 4.47g 100g-1fw, followed by citric acid ranging from 0.39 to 1.08g 100g-1fw. Looking at the contents of phenolic compound, chlorogenic acid and rutin had come to the fore ranging from 0.12 to 3.11mgg-1fw and from 0.85 to 1.42mgg-1fw, respectively. Fruit glucose contents of the studied species were higher than their fructose contents, varying between 6.07 and 7.75g 100g-1fw. Total antioxidant capacity and vitamin C contents of the mulberry species ranged from 4.49 to 13.99μmol TEg-1fw and from 11.30 to 24.42mg 100g-1fw, respectively. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Kaya T.E.,Atatürk University | Sezgin A.,The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs | Kumbasaroglu H.,The Ministry of Environment and Forestry | Kulekci M.,Atatürk University
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2011

This study aimed at determining the meat consumption habits in Erzurum province. To do this, a total of 150 questionnaires was conducted using unclustered one-stage simple random sampling method. The data obtained from the survey was analyzed using Ordered probit model to reveal the factors affecting the meat consumption habits of consumers. The findings suggested that 89.3% of the survey participants preferred meat and that 10.7% preferred white meat. It was determined that the most preferred type of meat was beef (86%), mutton (6%) and goat meat (0.7%), respectively. The form of consumption was 12% with vegetables, 8.7% grilled, 4% in oven. About 69.3% revealed no preference replying, it did not matter. It was found out that 41.3% of the meat consuming families consumed <3 kg of meat a month. According to the results of the survey, it was determined that the ratio of those who found the consumed meat delicious was 86% and that 14% found it tasteless. Meat consumption amount was taken as dependent variable in Ordered probit model analysis. According to the result of analysis, it was found that there was a significant and positive relationship between meat consumption and marital status, monthly income of consumers, popular meat type, hygiene conditions and balanced diet. © Medwell Journals, 2011.

Palaz M.,The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs | Colakoglu S.,The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs | Yildiz H.,Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2010

A study was undertaken between 2007-2009 in the Dardanelles. Monthly sampling was carried out in 4 stations up to 10m of water depths by using dredge. The samples were fixed and preserved in 5% formalin prepared in marine water. Morever, anatomical and morphological characteristics of identified species were illustrated with photographs. The specimens were examined the macroscopic and then microscopic under the light of binocular microscope. According to the results; total of 22 species belonging to 7 Order, 5 Kalssis was found in the South Marmara Sea. © Medwell Journals, 2010.

The research has been carried out at a carp farm in Cobanlar village which is 18 km far from Smop using ovigerous females of 20 crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Esch. 1823) from Bafra Fish Lakes. The larvae has been hatched at an average water temperature of 23.9±0.24°C in 19.05.1994. After hatching, the larvae have left the females after 10 days. Afterwards two ponds of earth with dimensions of 2x3x0.9 m were used in order to observe the growth performance. About 250 individuals of larvae of crayfish were placed into each pond. Farm dung was used in one of earth ponds in order to enrich the natural food in the environment and the young individuals of the first group were fed on natural food while trout pellets were used in the second group which was maintaned in the other pond. According to the end of study, it has been recorded that growth in the pond where trout pellets were used proved. T-test controls showed that the difference is considerable (p<0.05). © Medwell Journals, 2010.

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