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Cagle P.T.,The Methodist Hospital
Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine | Year: 2013

The publication of the "Molecular Testing Guideline for Selection of Lung Cancer Patients for EGFR and ALK Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors: Guideline From the College of American Pathologists, International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, and Association for Molecular Pathology" has now provided a guideline for biomarker testing for first-generation lung cancer tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Biomarker testing has forever altered the role of pathologists in the management of patients with lung cancer. Current, unresolved issues in the precision medicine of lung cancer will be addressed by the development of new biomarker tests, new drugs, and new test technologies and by improvement in the cost to benefit ratio of biomarker testing.


Grossman R.G.,The Methodist Hospital
Journal of neurosurgery. Spine | Year: 2012

The North American Clinical Trials Network (NACTN) for the Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury is a consortium of 10 neurosurgery departments, a data management center, and a pharmacological center. The NACTN was established with the goal of bringing recent molecular and cell-based discoveries in neuroprotection and regeneration from the laboratory into clinical trials that optimize meaningful data outcomes and maximum safety to patients. The requirements of planning and executing clinical trials in spinal cord injury (SCI) and the steps that the NACTN has taken to address these requirements are discussed and illustrated in articles in this issue of the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine. The progress that the NACTN has made in meeting these goals can be summarized as organizing a network of hospitals capable of enrolling a sufficient number of patients for conducting Phase I and II trials; creating a Data Management Center and a database of the natural history of recovery after SCI (at the time of this writing 485 patients were enrolled in the database); creating a database of the incidence and severity of complications that occur during acute and subacute treatment after SCI; developing a Pharmacological Center capable of performing pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies of therapeutic drugs; completing enrollment of 36 patients in NACTN's first clinical trial, a Phase I study of riluzole, a neuroprotective drug; and performing pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies of riluzole in acute SCI.


Grossman R.G.,The Methodist Hospital
Journal of neurosurgery. Spine | Year: 2012

The aim of this multicenter, prospective study was to determine the spectrum, incidence, and severity of complications during the initial hospitalization of patients with spinal cord injury. The study was conducted at 9 university-affiliated hospitals that comprise the clinical centers of the North American Clinical Trials Network (NACTN) for Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury. The study population comprised 315 patients admitted to NACTN clinical centers between June 25, 2005, and November 2, 2010, who had American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale grades of A-D and were 18 years of age or older. Patients were managed according to a standardized protocol. The study population was 79% male with a median age of 44 years. The leading causes of injury were falls (37%) and motor vehicle accidents (28%). The distribution of initial ASIA grades were A (40%), B (16%), C (15%), and D (29%). Fifty-eight percent of patients sustained 1 or more severe, moderate, or mild complications. Complications were associated with more severe ASIA grade: 84% of patients with Grade A and 25% of patients with Grade D had at least 1 complication. Seventy-eight percent of complications occurred within 14 days of injury. The most frequent types of severe and moderate complications were respiratory failure, pneumonia, pleural effusion, anemia, cardiac dysrhythmia, and severe bradycardia. The mortality rate was 3.5% and was associated with increased age and preexisting morbidity. Knowledge of the type, frequency, time of occurrence, and severity of specific complications that occur after spinal cord injury can aid in their early detection, treatment, and prevention. The data are of importance in evaluating and selecting therapy for clinical trials.


Hong B.,Telovision, Llc | Zu Y.,The Methodist Hospital
Theranostics | Year: 2013

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the blood stream play a critical role in establishing metastases. The clinical value of CTCs as a biomarker for early cancer detection, diagnosis, prognosis, prediction, stratification, and pharmacodynamics have been widely explored in recent years. However, the clinical utility of current CTC tests is limited mainly due to methodological constraints. In this review, the pros and cons of the reported CTC assays are comprehensively discussed. In addition, the potential of tumor cell-derived materials as new targets for CTC detection, including circulating tumor microemboli, cell fragments, and circulating DNA, is evaluated. Finally, emerging approaches for CTC detection, including telomerase-based or aptamer-based assays and cell functional analysis, are also assessed. Expectantly, a thorough review of the current knowledge and technology of CTC detection will assist the scientific community in the development of more efficient CTC assay systems. © Ivyspring International Publisher.


Patent
The Methodist Hospital and University of Houston | Date: 2015-03-24

Systems and methods for real time laparoscopic navigation. Exemplary embodiments can comprise scanning a structure of interest internal to a patient to provide image data; generating a first three-dimensional reconstruction of the structure of interest based on the image data; annotating the first three-dimensional reconstruction of the structure of interest with a plurality of reference points; obtaining spatial coordinates of the plurality of reference points during a laparoscopic procedure; and generating a second three-dimensional reconstruction of the structure of interest based on the spatial coordinates.

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