Zhang L.,Genomics Joint Laboratory |
Zhang L.,Cooperation Technology |
Zhang L.,The Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics |
Zhang L.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology |
And 20 more authors.
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2010
Background: The effects of tannic acid,which is present in many plants, on the structure of gluten proteins and the properties of dough and bread were studied. Tannic acid was added at levels of 0.01, 0.02 and 0.03 g kg-1 during the dough-making process. Results: The added tannic acid acted negatively on disulfide bond formation but interacted with gluten proteins via other covalent bonds, as detected by UV spectroscopy and dynamic rheometry. Rheological properties and texture of the bread were measured by farinograph, extensograph and texture profile analyser. Texture analysis indicated little change in adhesiveness and resilience of the bread at all three levels of tannic acid compared with the control, but changes in hardness and chewiness of the bread made with added tannic acid indicated that tannic acid could delay bread staling. Conclusion: The effect of tannic acid on flour and dough is different from that of other flour redox agents. It breaks down disulfide bonds but also has positive effects on dough properties and bread quality. Disulfide bonds are commonly considered to be the most important factor affecting changes in the quality of bread. However, this study presents the new concept that other covalent bonds can also improve the quality of flour and bread and uses this property to investigate new, safe and efficient flour additives. © 2010 Society of Chemical Industry.