Boyandin A.N.,Russian Academy of Sciences |
Prudnikova S.V.,Siberian Federal University |
Karpov V.A.,RAS Severtsov Institute of Ecology |
Ivonin V.N.,The Joint Russian Vietnam Tropical Research and Test Center |
And 8 more authors.
International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation | Year: 2013
The integrated study addressing biodegradation of microbial linear polyesters of hydroxyalkanoic acids (polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs) in tropical conditions by microbial communities of Vietnamese soils was performed in locations close to Hanoi and Nha Trang, which differed in their weather conditions and microbial communities. It shows that PHA degradation in tropical soils is influenced by polymer chemical composition, specimen shape, and microbial characteristics. The homopolymer of 3-hydroxybutyric acid is degraded at higher rates than the copolymer of 3-hydroxybutyric and 3-hydroxyvaleric acids. The average rates of mass loss were 0.04-0.33% per day for films and 0.02-0.18% for compact pellets. PHA degradation was accompanied by a decrease in the polymer molecular mass and, usually, an increase in the degree of crystallinity, suggesting preferential degradation of the amorphous phase. Under the study conditions, representatives of the bacterial genera Burkholderia, Bacillus, Cupriavidus, Mycobacterium, and Nocardiopsis and such micromycetes as Acremonium, Gongronella, Paecilomyces, and Penicillium, Trichoderma have been identified as major PHA degraders. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.