The International Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium ZNRC

Slidell, LA, United States

The International Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium ZNRC

Slidell, LA, United States
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Song C.,Guangdong Ocean University | Song C.,China Medical University at Taichung | Song C.,The International Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium ZNRC | Yang L.,Guangdong Ocean University | And 11 more authors.
Behavioural Brain Research | Year: 2016

The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a promising model organism for neurophenomics - a new field of neuroscience linking neural phenotypes to various genetic and environmental factors. However, the effects of prior experimental manipulations on zebrafish performance in different behavioral paradigms remain unclear. Here, we examine the influence of selected stressful procedures and test batteries on adult zebrafish anxiety-like behaviors in two commonly used models - the novel tank (NTT) and the light-dark box (LDB) tests. While no overt behavioral differences between outbred short-fin wild-type (WT) and mutant 'pink' glowfish were seen in both tests under baseline (control) conditions, an acute severe stressor (a 30-min car transportation) detected significantly lower mutant fish anxiety-like behavior in these tests. In contrast, WT zebrafish showed no overt NTT or LDB responses following a mild stressor (5-min 40-Wt light) exposure, also showing no differences in batteries of NTT and LDB run immediately one after another, or with a 1-day interval. Collectively, these findings suggest that zebrafish may be relatively less sensitive (e.g., than other popular species, such as rodents) to the test battery effect, and show that stronger stressors may be needed (to complement low-to-moderate stress aquatic screens) to better reveal phenotypical variance in zebrafish assays. Strengthening the value of zebrafish models in neurophenotyping research, this study indicates the potential of using more test batteries and a wider spectrum of pre-test stressors in zebrafish behavioral assays. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Kalueff A.V.,Southwest University | Kalueff A.V.,The International Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium ZNRC | Kalueff A.V.,Saint Petersburg State University | Kaluyeva A.,The International Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium ZNRC | Mailet E.L.,University of Miami
Behavioural Brain Research | Year: 2017

Noribogaine is the main psychoactive metabolite of the hallucinogenic drug ibogaine, and is a particularly interesting compound potentially useful to treat dependence and various psychiatric disorders. Here, we report the effects of noribogaine on anxiety and locomotion in zebrafish (Danio rerio), a new promising model organism in neurobehavioral and psychopharmacological research. Adult zebrafish were subjected to the 5 min novel tank test (NTT) following an acute, 20-min drug immersion in 1, 5 and 10 mg/L noribogaine. Overall, noribogaine produced robust anxiolytic-like behavior in zebrafish (increasing the time spent and transitions to the top half compartment and reducing freezing bouts) without overt effects on fish locomotion. Taken together, these results indicate that noribogaine modulates the components of the acute stress response related to emotionality and anxiety behaviors, implicating this drug as a potentially useful non-sedative anxiolytic agent. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.


Muller T.E.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Nunes S.Z.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Silveira A.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Loro V.L.,Federal University of Santa Maria | And 2 more authors.
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry | Year: 2017

Repeated ethanol (EtOH) consumption induces neurological disorders in humans and is considered an important public health problem. The physiological effects of EtOH are dose- and time-dependent, causing relevant changes in the social behavior. In addition, alcohol-induced oxidative stress has been proposed as a key mechanism involved in EtOH neurotoxicity. Here we investigate for the first time whether repeated EtOH exposure (REE) alters the social behavior of zebrafish and influences brain oxidation processes. Animals were exposed to water (control group) or 1% (v/v) EtOH (EtOH group) for 8 consecutive days (20 min per day). EtOH was added directly to the tank water. At day 9, the social behavior and biochemical parameters were assessed. REE increased shoal cohesion by reducing inter-fish and farthest neighbor distances. SOD and CAT activities, as well as NPSH levels decreased in brain tissue. Moreover, REE increased lipid peroxidation suggesting oxidative damage. In summary, changes in oxidation processes may play a role in the CNS effects of EtOH, influencing the social behavior of zebrafish. Furthermore, in a translational neuroscience perspective, our data reinforces the utility of zebrafish to clarify the biochemical and behavioral effects of intermittent EtOH administration. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.


Canzian J.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Fontana B.D.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Quadros V.A.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Rosemberg D.B.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Rosemberg D.B.,The International Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium ZNRC
Behavioural Brain Research | Year: 2017

The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is an emergent model organism for assessing fear and anxiety-like phenotypes. The short fin wild type (WT), and leopard (leo) are two zebrafish populations that present several behavioral differences, in which leo displays pronounced defensive responses. Mounting evidence suggests a modulatory role for cholinergic and purinergic signaling in fear and anxiety, but the involvement of these neurotransmitter systems in the behavioral profile of zebrafish is obscure. Here we tested whether the acute exposure to conspecific alarm substance (AS), an experimental protocol that induces fear, alters shoaling behavior, diving response, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, and nucleotide hydrolysis in brain tissue of WT and leo. When four fish were concomitantly exposed to AS extracted from a donor fish of similar phenotype, both populations presented a significant increase of erratic movements without changes in freezing bouts. An increased shoal cohesion and a decreased vertical distribution were observed only in WT exposed to AS. The respective population also revealed a significant increase in AChE and ecto-5'-nucleotidase activities after the exposure period. The comparison of basal endpoints between populations showed that leo displays a higher social cohesion, few vertical transitions and enhanced AChE and ecto-5'-nucleotidase activities. In conclusion, we suggest that the effects of AS on defensive behaviors depend on the population, indicating the existence of distinct neurochemical mechanisms involved. Furthermore, this report shows the first evidence of a potential role of cholinergic and purinergic systems in fear- and anxiety-like responses of zebrafish populations. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Muller T.E.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Nunes M.E.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Menezes C.C.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Marins A.T.,Federal University of Santa Maria | And 9 more authors.
Molecular Neurobiology | Year: 2017

Considering the antioxidant properties of sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) and the involvement of oxidative stress events in paraquat-induced neurotoxicity, this study investigated the protective effect of dietary Na2SeO3 on biochemical and behavioral parameters of zebrafish exposed to paraquat (PQ). Fish were pretreated with a Na2SeO3 diet for 21 days and then PQ (20 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally with six injections for 16 days. In the novel tank test, the Na2SeO3 diet prevented the locomotor impairments, as well as the increase in the time spent in the top area of the tank, and the exacerbation of freezing episodes. In the preference for conspecifics and in the mirror-induced aggression (MIA) tasks, Na2SeO3 prevented the increase in the latency to enter the area closer to conspecifics and the agonistic behavior of PQ-treated animals, respectively. Na2SeO3 prevented the increase of carbonylated protein (CP), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and nitrite/nitrate (NOx) levels, as well as the decrease in non-protein thiols (NPSH) levels. Regarding the antioxidant enzymatic defenses, Na2SeO3 prevented the increase in catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities caused by PQ. Altogether, dietary Na2SeO3 improves behavioral and biochemical function impaired by PQ treatment in zebrafish, by modulating not only redox parameters, but also anxiety- and aggressive-like phenotypes in zebrafish. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media New York


Abreu M.S.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Giacomini A.C.V.V.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Giacomini A.C.V.V.,University Of Passo Fundo | Kalueff A.V.,Guangdong Ocean University | And 5 more authors.
Physiology and Behavior | Year: 2016

Olfaction is strongly involved in the regulation of fish behavior, including reproductive, defensive, social and migration behaviors. In fish, anosmia (the lack of olfaction) can be induced experimentally, impairing their ability to respond to various olfactory stimuli. Here, we examine the effects of experimental lidocaine-induced anosmia on anxiety-like behavior and whole-body cortisol levels in adult zebrafish (Danio rerio). We show that experimentally-induced anosmia reduces anxiolytic-like behavioral effects of fluoxetine and seems to interact with anxiogenic effect of stress also paralleling cortisol responses in zebrafish. These findings provide first experimental evidence that temporary anosmia modulates anxiety-like behaviors and physiology in adult zebrafish. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | China Medical University at Taichung, Saint Petersburg State University, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, ZENEREI Institute and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: Behavioural brain research | Year: 2016

The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a promising model organism for neurophenomics - a new field of neuroscience linking neural phenotypes to various genetic and environmental factors. However, the effects of prior experimental manipulations on zebrafish performance in different behavioral paradigms remain unclear. Here, we examine the influence of selected stressful procedures and test batteries on adult zebrafish anxiety-like behaviors in two commonly used models - the novel tank (NTT) and the light-dark box (LDB) tests. While no overt behavioral differences between outbred short-fin wild-type (WT) and mutant pink glowfish were seen in both tests under baseline (control) conditions, an acute severe stressor (a 30-min car transportation) detected significantly lower mutant fish anxiety-like behavior in these tests. In contrast, WT zebrafish showed no overt NTT or LDB responses following a mild stressor (5-min 40-Wt light) exposure, also showing no differences in batteries of NTT and LDB run immediately one after another, or with a 1-day interval. Collectively, these findings suggest that zebrafish may be relatively less sensitive (e.g., than other popular species, such as rodents) to the test battery effect, and show that stronger stressors may be needed (to complement low-to-moderate stress aquatic screens) to better reveal phenotypical variance in zebrafish assays. Strengthening the value of zebrafish models in neurophenotyping research, this study indicates the potential of using more test batteries and a wider spectrum of pre-test stressors in zebrafish behavioral assays.


Stewart A.M.,ZENEREI Institute | Stewart A.M.,The International Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium ZNRC | Grossman L.,ZENEREI Institute | Grossman L.,St. George's University | And 11 more authors.
Aquatic Toxicology | Year: 2014

Fluoxetine is one of the most prescribed psychotropic medications, and is an agent of increasing interest for environmental toxicology. Fish and other aquatic organisms are excellent models to study neuroactive small molecules like fluoxetine. However, prone to variance due to experimental factors, data obtained in these models need to be interpreted with caution, using proper experimental protocols, study designs, validated endpoints as well as well-established models and tests. Choosing the treatment protocol and dose range for fluoxetine and other serotonergic drugs is critical for obtaining valid test results and correct data interpretation. Here we discuss the value of aquatic models to study fluoxetine effects, based on prior high-quality research, and outline the directions of future translational studies in the field. We review fluoxetine-evoked phenotypes in acute vs. chronic protocols, discussing them in the contact of complex role of serotonin in behavioral regulation. We conclude that zebrafish and other aquatic models represent a useful in-vivo tool for fluoxetine pharmacology and (eco)toxicology research. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Mezzomo N.J.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Silveira A.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Giuliani G.S.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Quadros V.A.,Federal University of Santa Maria | And 2 more authors.
Neuroscience Letters | Year: 2016

Taurine (TAU) is an amino sulfonic acid with several functions in central nervous system. Mounting evidence suggests that it acts in osmoregulation, neuromodulation and also as an inhibitory neurotransmitter. However, the effects of TAU on behavioral functions, especially on anxiety-related parameters, are limited. The adult zebrafish is a suitable model organism to examine anxiety-like behaviors since it presents neurotransmitter systems and behavioral functions evolutionary conserved. Anxiety in zebrafish can be measured by different tasks, analyzing the habituation to novelty, as well as the response to brightly lit environments. The aim of this study was to investigate whether acute TAU treatment alters anxiety-like behavior in zebrafish using the novel tank and the light-dark tests. Fish were individually treated with TAU (42, 150, and 400. mg/L) for 1. h and the behaviors were further analyzed for 6. min in the novel tank or in the light-dark test. Control fish were handled in a similar manner, but kept only in home tank water. Although TAU did not alter locomotor and vertical activities, all concentrations significantly increased shuttling and time spent in lit compartment. Moreover, TAU 150 group showed a significant decrease in the number of risk assessment episodes. Overall, these data suggest that TAU exerts an anxiolytic-like effect in zebrafish and the comparative analysis of behavior using different tasks is an interesting strategy for neuropsychiatric studies related to anxiety in this species. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Stewart A.M.,ZENEREI Institute | Stewart A.M.,The International Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium ZNRC | Grossman L.,ZENEREI Institute | Grossman L.,St. George's University | And 6 more authors.
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior | Year: 2015

Nicotine is one of the most widely used and abused legal drugs. Although its pharmacological profile has been extensively investigated in humans and rodents, nicotine CNS action remains poorly understood. The importance of finding evolutionarily conserved signaling pathways, and the need to apply high-throughput in vivo screens for CNS drug discovery, necessitate novel efficient experimental models for nicotine research. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are rapidly emerging as an excellent organism for studying drug abuse, neuropharmacology and toxicology and have recently been applied to testing nicotine. Anxiolytic, rewarding and memory-modulating effects of acute nicotine treatment in zebrafish are consistently reported in the literature. However, while nicotine abuse is more relevant to long-term exposure models, little is known about chronic effects of nicotine on zebrafish behavior. In the present study, chronic 4-day exposure to 1-2 mg/L nicotine mildly increased adult zebrafish shoaling but did not alter baseline cortisol levels. We also found that chronic exposure to nicotine evokes robust anxiogenic behavioral responses in zebrafish tested in the novel tank test paradigm. Generally paralleling clinical and rodent data on anxiogenic effects of chronic nicotine, our study supports the developing utility of zebrafish for nicotine research. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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