The International University of Management
Windhoek, Namibia

The International University of Management is a private, state-recognized university based in Windhoek, Namibia with campuses in Swakopmund, Walvis Bay, and Ongwediva. It was founded by Namibia current minister of education Dr. David Namwandi. The university offers Bachelor and Master programs in Strategic Management Information Technology, Human resources, Travel, Tourism, and Hospitality, Business Information Systems, Business Administration, Finance Management, HIV/Aids Management and other subjects. Wikipedia.

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Chen T.-A.,Landseed Hospital | Kang H.-Y.,Landseed Hospital | Chang H.-C.,Landseed Hospital | Lin W.-C.,National Central University | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Colorectal Disease | Year: 2012

Purpose Gender differences in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence have been previously reported. We designed this population-based study to determine if this gender difference was restricted to specific patient subgroups. Methods Using the Taiwan Cancer Registry database, we identified a total of 124,314 CRCs registered from 1988 to 2007. We compared the incidence of CRCs by gender in all CRCs, in colon and rectal cancers considered separately, and in right-sided versus left-sided colon cancers. Results In individuals aged 50 years and older, the incidence of CRCs was lower in females compared with males. For right-sided colon cancers, the incidence in both genders was similar. Because the proportion of right-sided colon cancer accounted for only one fourth of the total CRCs, its influence on the incidence of total CRCs is reduced. Conclusions Although the incidence of total CRCs is male dominant, the actual gender difference in CRC incidence in Taiwan is limited to the left side of the colon. © 2011 CARS.

Introduction: Based on the data of the Institut für das Entgeltsystem im Krankenhaus (InEK) cost and revenue data for deliveries in Germany can be compared. The InEK calculates the cost data for each individual diagnosis-related group (DRG) on the basis of those hospitals that deliver their individual cost data, so-called Kalkulationshäuser. The InEK only publishes data for patients with standard lengths of stay. It does not deliver data for short- and long-stay patients. Beside these cost data, the InEK publishes the nationwide case volume for each DRG. Having a knowledge of the individual base rate (Landesbasisfallwert), which differs from province (Bundesland) to province and, in addition, the nationwide case weight for each DRG, the average revenues for deliveries in general, vaginal deliveries, and Cesarean sections can be calculated. These revenue data differ not only from province to province, but from hospital to hospital because of the individual hospital-specific base rates. Materials and Methods: The average costs for a delivery in general, a vaginal delivery, and a Cesarean section were calculated on the basis of the DRG Report Browsers 2005/20072007/2009 published by the InEK. The costs for short- and long-stay patients were estimated on the basis of a scenario technique. The revenues were calculated on the basis of the published DRG catalogues, which supply individual case weights, and the county-wide base rate. Short- and long-stay revenues again had to be estimated by a scenario technique. In every DRG the cost data create the basis for the case weight two years later. Results: In relation to the average base rate over all provinces the 2005 costs are higher than the revenues in each province. Even in Rhineland-Palatinate, the county with the highest base rate, costs and revenues are at par. Only the declining costs from 20052007 balance the costs and revenues nationwide. But in provinces with low base rates the revenues stay lower than costs. These data demonstrate the pressure of rationalisation on German perinatal medicine and their hospitals. Cost and revenue comparisons with other countries are of lesser interest. Most countries have totally different systems for financing hospitals. In Germany, the published data show only the running costs financed by public and private health-care insurances. Infrastructure costs are financed by the government. In other countries not only the running costs but also the investment costs must be financed by running revenues too. © 2010 Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

Dzung N.A.,Tay Nguyen University | Khanh V.T.P.,Sudan University of Science and Technology | Dzung T.T.,The International University of Management
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2011

Effects of chitosan and chitosan oligomer solutions on biophysical characteristics, growth, development and drought resistance of coffee have been investigated. The experiments which involved spraying chitosan and chitosan oligomer onto the leaves of coffee were conducted in a greenhouse and in the field. The concentration of chitosan and chitosan oligomer solution used was 0, 20, 40, 60 and 80 ppm. Obtained results showed that chitosan oligomer enhanced strongly the content of chlorophylls and carotenoid in the leaves of coffee seedlings up to 46.38-73.51% compared to the greenhouse control. Application of chitosan oligomers also increased mineral uptake of coffee and stimulated the growth of coffee seedlings. Spraying chitosan oligomers with concentration of 60 ppm increased the height of the coffee seedlings up to 33.51%, in the stem diameter up to 30.77% and the leaf in area by up to 60.53%. In addition application of chitosan oligomers reduced by 9.5-25.1% transpiration of the leaves at 60 and 120 min. Therefore the application of chitosan oligomer could be a good way of increasing the drought resistance of coffee seedlings. Application of chitosan oligomer in field conditions increased content of total chlorophylls up to 15.36% compared to the control. Application of chitosan oligomers also enhanced mineral uptake of coffee by 9.49% N; 11.76% P; 0.98% K; 18.75% Mg; 3.77% Ca and decreased 15.25% the rate of fallen fruits compared to the control, contributed to increasing yield and developing sustainable production of coffee in Vietnam. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Arya S.R.,The International University of Management | Rao S.,International Institute of Information Technology Bangalore
IFAC-PapersOnLine | Year: 2016

This paper addresses the effect of elevator saturation on asymptotically stable tracking of a desired flight path angle of an aircraft. The desired reference trajectory is computed using a non-linear kino-dynamic model of the longitudinal states of the aircraft incorporating control bounds. Next, based on a linearised model about the reference states, a state-feedback controller is designed to track the reference trajectory in the presence of deviations. Using results from the polytopic approach, which indicate that presence of control saturation, the magnitudes of the allowable deviations reduce as the eigenvalues of the open-loop system move from the left to the right of the complex plane. By estimating the volumes of these so-called regions of asymptotic stability, which is based on solving a set of Linear Matrix Inequalities, the results presented in this paper aid in the selection of appropriate trajectories that enable asymptotically stable tracking in the presence of deviations and control saturation. Simulation results are used to illustrate this concept. © 2016, IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) Hosting by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Dogl C.,The International University of Management | Behnam M.,Suffolk University
Business Strategy and the Environment | Year: 2014

This cross-country study investigates the antecedents and outcomes of corporate environmental responsibility (CER) practices in developed and emerging countries. Based on stakeholder and institutional theory, we conducted an empirical study among firms in Germany, USA, India and China. We found support for a significant positive relationship between regulatory, market and social stakeholder influences, CER practices and business outcomes in the total and individual country samples. Regarding country differences, our data reveal significant similarities and differences between developed and emerging countries. Market stakeholder influences are stronger in developed countries, whereas regulatory and social stakeholder influences do not differ significantly between the two country groups. The relationship between CER practices and positive business outcomes is stronger in emerging than in developed countries. Implications for institutional theory and organizations are outlined. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

Vogel H.-A.,The International University of Management | Graham A.,University of Westminster
Journal of Air Transport Management | Year: 2013

This paper uses cluster analysis to assess whether it might be a useful tool to select airport groups for comparative financial and economic performance studies. The research uses a sample of 73 airports, or airport operators, from all over the world. Nine key performance indicators (KPIs) are used to determine the clusters and the relationship between these clusters and possible explanatory variables is explored. Three clusters are produced which are similar for 2003 and 2010. One consists almost entirely of North American airports, one is dominated by European airports and one has a mixture of European and other (non-North American) airports. It is concluded that such an approach may indeed prove useful, not only just in the financial and economic areas, but with other aspects of airport performance that can be measured with a selection of KPIs. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Chen W.,The International University of Management
International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering | Year: 2016

Shaanxi Province enjoys rich tourist resources and coordinated development of tourism and eco-environment is a perquisite of sustainable development. We build an evaluation indicator system consisting of 3 primary indicators and 16 secondary indicators for the level of coordinated development of tourism and eco-environment. Then this system is applied for the evaluation of coordinated development of tourism and eco-environment in Shaanxi Province. © 2016 CAFET-INNOVA TECHNICAL SOCIETY. All rights reserved.

Engelen A.,The International University of Management
Journal of Product Innovation Management | Year: 2015

While the interfaces of marketing, research and development (R&D), and manufacturing in product development have been extensively studied, no large-scale empirical study has focused on finance's role in the product development team. The present research investigates the role of finance in cross-functional product development teams, thereby extending existing research on cross-functional integration in product development. A set of hypotheses is tested with a survey of 389 project team leaders and top management team members from companies in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Germany, and Austria. The findings suggest that the integration of finance in cross-functional teams positively impacts project performance and that the importance of the finance interface depends on the project development stage and the innovativeness of the product developed. The results indicate that the R&D-finance interface is most critical at the early stage of a project, while the marketing-finance interface is most important at the late stage, and that the integration between R&D and finance is especially useful in the development of less innovative products. © 2014 Product Development & Management Association.

Roschk H.,The International University of Management | Gelbrich K.,The International University of Management
Journal of Service Research | Year: 2014

This article examines how compensation type and failure type explain the recovery effect of compensation, using a meta-analysis (Study 1) and an experiment (Study 2). Drawing on resource exchange theory, we propose new classifications for both compensation and failure type and find three major results. First, consistent with our matching hypothesis, the strongest recovery effect is generally observed when compensation represents a resource similar to the failure it is supposed to offset, that is, immediate monetary compensation for a monetary failure, exchange for a flawed product, reperformance for a failed service, and psychological compensation for lack of attention. Surprisingly, lack of attention may also be rectified by the other compensation types. Second, consistent with our intertemporal choice hypothesis, immediate monetary compensation is generally more effective than delayed monetary compensation. Yet, this effect also varies with failure type. Third, resource-based classifications explain the recovery effect of compensation better than current classifications of compensation and failure type. As a theoretical contribution, the resource-based classifications help to explain the fluctuating effect sizes of compensation reported in prior research. From a managerial point of view, practitioners can choose the appropriate compensation type for a failure, one that repays in kind what customers have lost. As a result, companies achieve stronger recovery effects without additional costs. © The Author(s) 2013.

Pillmayer M.,Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt | Scherle N.,The International University of Management
International Journal of Tourism Research | Year: 2014

Ongoing internationalization processes have resulted in significant changes on the supply side in many fields of the economy and specifically in tourism. Although the scientific discourse is working hard to keep pace with these rapid changes, there is nevertheless a considerable deficit in research on the problems and risks as well as the potential and opportunities associated with intensifying processes of internationalization. This paper focuses on the internationalization process of small and medium-sized tourism enterprises (SMTEs) in the Middle East, specifically in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, which continues to be a tourist destination for Westerners in spite of major political and other crises. Internationalization of SMTEs is a complex process, and studies that take a more holistic view of this phenomenon are needed. This paper will therefore attempt to investigate the internationalization process in Jordan from a problem-centred perspective and to critically examine and discuss it on the basis of comments made by leading actors in the Jordanian tourism business. The thus gained insights should help to reduce the still existing theoretical deficits in the study of the internationalization process. Particularly, the impact of the Arab Spring on the Jordanian tourism market must be included in a critical assessment. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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