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Foulkes W.D.,McGill University | Foulkes W.D.,Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research | Bahubeshi A.,McGill University | Bahubeshi A.,Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research | And 21 more authors.
Human Mutation | Year: 2011

DICER1 is crucial for embryogenesis and early development. Forty different heterozygous germline DICER1 mutations have been reported worldwide in 42 probands that developed as children or young adults, pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB), cystic nephroma (CN), ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors (especially Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor [SLCT]), and/or multinodular goiter (MNG). We report DICER1 mutations in seven additional families that manifested uterine cervix embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (cERMS, four cases) and primitive neuroectodermal tumor (cPNET, one case), Wilms tumor (WT, three cases), pulmonary sequestration (PS, one case), and juvenile intestinal polyp (one case). One carrier developed (age 25 years) a pleomorphic sarcoma of the thigh; another carrier had transposition of great arteries (TGA). These observations show that cERMS, cPNET, WT, PS, and juvenile polyps fall within the spectrum of DICER1-related diseases. DICER1 appears to be the first gene implicated in the etiology of cERMS, cPNET, and PS. Young adulthood sarcomas and perhaps congenital malformations such as TGA may also be associated. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Stewart D.R.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Stewart D.R.,9609 Medical Center Drive Rm 6E450 | Messinger Y.,The International Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Registry | Williams G.M.,The International Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Registry | And 7 more authors.
Human Genetics | Year: 2014

Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) is a rare nasal tumor that typically presents in young children. We previously reported on NCMH occurrence in children with pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB), a rare pulmonary dysembryonic sarcoma that is the hallmark neoplasm in the PPB-associated DICER1 tumor predisposition disorder. Original pathologic materials from individuals with a PPB, PPB-associated tumor and/or a DICER1 mutation were centrally reviewed by the International PPB Registry. Paraffin-embedded NCMH tumor tissue was available in three cases. Laser-capture microdissection was used to isolate mesenchymal spindle cells and cartilage in one case for Sanger sequencing of DICER1. Nine patients (5F/4M) had PPB and NCMH. NCMH was diagnosed at a median age of 10 years (range 6–21 years). NCMH developed 4.5–13 years after PPB. Presenting NCMH symptoms included chronic sinusitis and nasal congestion. Five patients had bilateral tumors. Local NCMH recurrences required several surgical resections in two patients, but all nine patients were alive at 0–16 years of follow-up. Pathogenic germline DICER1 mutations were found in 6/8 NCMH patients tested. In 2 of the patients with germline DICER1 mutations, somatic DICER1 missense mutations were also identified in their NCMH (E1813D; n = 2). Three additional PPB patients developed other nasal lesions seen in the general population (a Schneiderian papilloma, chronic sinusitis with cysts, and allergic nasal polyps with eosinophils). Two of these patients had germline DICER1 mutations. Pathogenic germline and somatic mutations of DICER1 in NCMH establishes that the genetic etiology of NCMH is similar to PPB, despite the disparate biological potential of these neoplasms. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (outside the USA). Source

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