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Goodman D.,The Institute of Cetacean Research
Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy | Year: 2010

This article is a critique of two reports of "independent legal experts" sponsored by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW); the "Paris Panel" and the "London Panel." The article shows that the Paris Panel's conclusion that Japan's research whaling in the Antarctic is unlawful and an abuse of rights under the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) is based on misuse of evidence and failure to properly interpret Article VIII of the Convention and the legal status of recommendatory non-binding resolutions. It also shows that the London Panel's conclusion that the import of humpback whales from Japan's research program in the Antarctic and sei whales from its research program in the North Pacific are a violation of trade rules under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora is based on incorrect interpretation of that Convention's trade rules. It is concluded that the two independent legal experts panel reports are, from a legal perspective, seriously flawed, rendering their conclusions invalid and relegating the reports to the status of IFAW propaganda. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Hirako S.,University of Human Arts and Sciences | Suzuki M.,Showa University | Kim H.,Josai University | Iizuka Y.,Josai University | And 8 more authors.
Fisheries Science | Year: 2016

Whale oil (WO) contains n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), but the effects of whale oil intake on lipid metabolism have remained unclear. We examined the influence of WO on lipid metabolism in obese KK mice. Male KK mice were fed a high-fat diet for 12 weeks to induce obesity. The mice were then given free access to a different diet for 10 weeks: the lard/safflower oil (LSO) diet consisted of 25 energy% (en%) LSO (6:4), the WO diet consisted of 25 en% WO, and the fish oil (FO) diet consisted of 11 en% FO plus 14 en% LSO. The n-3 PUFA content of the FO diet was the same as that in the WO diet. In the WO and FO groups, the total plasma cholesterol level was significantly decreased compared with that in the LSO group. The number of lipid droplets in liver specimens was also lower in the WO and FO groups, and the hepatic triglyceride and total cholesterol levels were decreased in these groups compared with the LSO group. Hepatic mRNA levels of fatty acid synthase, and stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1, which are fatty acid synthesis-related genes, were decreased in the WO and FO groups. No significant differences were observed between the WO and FO groups. Taken together, these results indicate that WO intake inhibits lipid accumulation in the liver by reducing fatty acid biosynthesis. © 2016 Japanese Society of Fisheries Science

Murase H.,The Institute of Cetacean Research | Murase H.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries And Environment of Inland Sea | Kawabata A.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries Science | Kubota H.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries Science | And 5 more authors.
Fisheries Science | Year: 2012

The distribution pattern and biomass of the Japanese anchovy Engraulis japonicus in the offshore region of the western North Pacific (north of 35°N and west of 170°E) were studied using a quantitative echosounder. This is the first attempt at such a study in this region. Data were collected in summer from 2004 to 2007. The biomass was estimated using data collected at 38 kHz. Species compositions in the backscatterings from pelagic fish were assigned based on the results of trawl hauls taking account of sea surface temperature (SST). Japanese anchovy tended to be high density to the west of 153°E and were distributed in an SST range of 9-24 °C. Although the temporal and spatial coverage of the survey differed each year, at least 1.5-3.4 million tons of Japanese anchovy were present in the survey area between 2004 and 2007. To take account of the spatial coverage of the survey each year, the most reliable biomass estimate for this region in the time period was 3.4 million tons (coefficient of variation 0. 22). © 2012 The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science.

Ogawa G.,Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology | Ishida M.,Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology | Kato H.,Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology | Fujise Y.,The Institute of Cetacean Research | Urano N.,Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology
Fisheries Science | Year: 2010

There are few reports in the literature about the isolation of bacteria from whale intestine. In this report, we counted colony-forming units in the feces obtained from three female common minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata). The number of colony-forming units ranged from (2.2 ± 0.4) × 105 to (8.9 ± 2.0) × 108 per gram (wet weight) of excrement. 16S rRNA gene sequences of 141 isolates were determined. These strains were identified as Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus sp., Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter sp., Escherichia coli, Edwardsiella ictaluri or Clostridium sp. The data suggested that the facultative anaerobic population of the intestinal bacterial flora of the minke whale was similar to that of ground mammals. © The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2010.

News Article | August 25, 2016
Site: www.rdmag.com

The founder of a radical conservation group made famous by the television show "Whale Wars" says a settlement over anti-whaling activities only prevents the group's U.S. organization from interfering with Japanese whalers in the Southern Ocean. This week, Japan's Institute of Cetacean Research and a whale ship operator announced they'd reached an agreement with Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and its founder Paul Watson. "What it means is Sea Shepherd USA cannot contribute money toward the Southern Ocean campaign, cannot be involved in the Southern Ocean campaign, and that's fine. We've got plenty of other campaigns to do," said Watson, who recently returned to the U.S. and is living in Vermont. But he said the settlement doesn't affect the group's other entities. "Whether Sea Shepherd Australia or Sea Shepherd Global ... if they intend to return to the Southern Ocean that's their business, it's not ours and I can't control them," he said of the settlement filed on Tuesday. The Institute of Cetacean Research, which studies whales, also is paying an undisclosed amount to the anti-whaling group on the condition the money will not be transferred to its affiliates elsewhere, including in Australia, one of the most active in attacking Japanese whalers during their hunts in the Antarctic. Officials in Japan are hoping the funding restriction will somehow limit the extent of Sea Shepherd's activities in Australia. Agriculture Minister Yuji Yamamoto on Thursday welcomed the agreement, saying, "I take it as a positive development that would contribute to the safety of the research whaling fleet." Yamamoto, however, said that Japanese whalers should continue to use caution and be aware that there are staunch opponents of whaling. Sea Shepherd Global media director Heather Stimmler said all of its entities around the world — except those in the United States — will continue to oppose what it believes is illegal Japanese whaling in the Antarctic. The International Whaling Commission imposed a commercial ban on whaling in 1986, but Japan has continued to kill whales under an exemption for what the country says is research. Interpol lists Watson as being wanted in Japan on charges of conspiracy to trespass on a whaling ship and interference with business, and in Costa Rica on a charge of interfering with a shark finning operation. Watson was arrested in Germany but then fled to France when he heard that he would be extradited to Japan. In his home office in landlocked Vermont, surrounded by artifacts from his journeys, the 65-year-old Watson said he will continue to coordinate with other Sea Shepherd entities. He's also writing several books and is involved in future television programs. Associated Press writer Mari Yamaguchi in Tokyo contributed to this report. Content Item Type: NewsSummary: The founder of a radical conservation group made famous by a television show says a settlement over anti-whaling activities only prevents the group's U.S. organization from interfering with Japanese whalers in the Southern Ocean. Featured Image: Contributed Author: By Lisa Rathke, Associated PressMeta Keywords: Sea Shepherd, Southern Ocean, Sea Shepherd Global, Japanese whalers, Southern Ocean campaign, Sea Shepherd Conservation, Sea Shepherd USA, International Whaling Commission, Sea Shepherd Australia, founder Paul Watson, Sea Shepherd entities, Cetacean Research, Shepherd Global media, radical conservation group, whale ship operator, Minister Yuji Yamamoto, Japanese whaling, writer Mari Yamaguchi, shark finning operation, director Heather Stimmler, future television programs, 65-year-old Watson, Whale Wars, U.S. organization, anti-whaling activities, staunch opponents, anti-whaling group, funding restriction, positive development, United States, commercial ban, home office, Costa Rica, settlement, Antarctic, agreement, whales, money, business, Vermont, exemption, caution, Interpol, Society, extent, interference, condition, hunts, plenty, AgricultureExclusive: 

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