Patel S.R.,Columbia University |
Schnall R.,Columbia University |
Little V.,The Institute for Family Health |
Lewis-Fernandez R.,Columbia University |
Pincus H.A.,Presbyterian University College
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health | Year: 2014
Increasing interest has been shown in shared decision making (SDM) to improve mental health care communication between underserved immigrant minorities and their providers. Nonetheless, very little is known about this process. The following is a qualitative study of fifteen primary care providers at two Federally Qualified Health Centers in New York and their experience during depression treatment decision making. Respondents described a process characterized in between shared and paternalistic models of treatment decision making. Barriers to SDM included discordant models of illness, stigma, varying role expectations and decision readiness. Respondents reported strategies used to overcome barriers including understanding illness perceptions and the role of the community in the treatment process, dispelling stigma using cultural terms, orienting patients to treatment and remaining available regarding the treatment decision. Findings from this study have implications for planning SDM interventions to guide primary care providers through treatment engagement for depression. © 2013, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Calman N.S.,The Institute for Family Health |
Calman N.S.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine |
Hauser D.,The Institute for Family Health |
Hauser D.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine |
And 5 more authors.
Annals of Family Medicine | Year: 2013
PURPOSE The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model has great potential for optimizing the care of chronically ill patients, yet there is much to be learned about various implementations of this model and their impact on patient care processes and outcomes. METHODS We examined changes in patterns of health care use in a network of Federally Qualifi ed Health Centers throughout a 9-year period of practice transformation that included recognition of all centers by the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) as Level 3 PCMH practices. We analyzed deidentified data from electronic health records for the period 2003 to 2011 to identify patterns of service use for all 4,595 patients with diabetes. We also examined a subsample of 545 patients who were in care throughout the study period to track improvement in glycated hemoglobin levels as a clinical measure over time. RESULTS Through the transition to a PCMH, the mean number of encounters with outreach, diabetes educators, and psychosocial services increased for all diabetic patients; virtually all patients had visits with a primary care clinician, but the mean number of visits decreased slightly. Among patients in the subsample, mean annual levels of glycated hemoglobin decreased steadily during the 9-year study period, mainly driven by a reduction in patients having baseline levels exceeding 9%. CONCLUSIONS This retrospective study conducted in a real-world setting using electronic health record data demonstrates a shift in resource use by diabetic patients from the primary care clinician to other members of the care team. The findings suggest that PCMH implementation has the potential to alter processes of care and improve outcomes of care, especially among those with higher disease burden.
Pilipenko N.,The Institute for Family Health |
Karekla M.,University of Cyprus |
Georgiou A.,Nicosia General Hospital |
Feldman J.,Yeshiva University
Psychology, Health and Medicine | Year: 2016
The impact of psychiatric illnesses upon asthma patients' functioning is not well understood. This study examined the impact of psychiatric comorbidity upon illness management in asthma patients using empirically-derived psychiatric comorbidity groups. Participants were a clinic sample of Greek-speaking asthma patients (N = 212) assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) Somatoform, Depression, Panic Disorder (PD), Other Anxiety Disorder, Eating Disorder (ED) and Alcohol sub-scales. The associations between sub-scales were examined using multiway frequency analysis. The following groups were derived: Somatoform disorder and/or Any Depressive disorder (n = 63), Somatoform disorder and/or Other Anxiety disorder (n = 51), Somatoform disorder and/or Any ED (n = 60), and Any Anxiety group including PD and/or Other Anxiety disorder (n = 24). Across all groups, psychiatric illness was associated with significantly worse asthma control (p < .01). Participants in Any Anxiety group, OR = 4.61, 95% CI [1.90, 11.15], Somatoform and/or Any Depressive disorder, OR = 2.06, 95% CI [1.04, 4.09] and Somatoform and/or Other Anxiety disorder, OR = 2.75, 95% CI [1.35, 5.60] were at higher risk for asthma-related Emergency Room (ER) visits compared to controls. However only Somatoform and/or Any Depressive disorder, OR = 3.67, 95% CI [1.60, 8.72], Somatoform and/or Other Anxiety disorder, OR = 5.50, 95% CI [2.34, 12.74], and Somatoform and/or Any ED, OR = 4.98, 95% CI [2.14, 11.60] group membership were risk factors for asthma-related hospitalizations. Results suggest that while comorbid psychiatric disorders generally negatively impact asthma illness management, different psychiatric comorbidities appear to have disparate effects upon illness management outcomes. © 2016 Taylor & Francis
Calman N.,The Institute for Family Health |
Little V.,The Institute for Family Health |
Garozzo S.,Ulster Green ARC
Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action | Year: 2015
Background: A comprehensive look at health status in developmentally disabled populations shows poorer physical, oral, and vision health, and higher rates of heart disease and obesity. Generally, individuals with developmental disabilities have difficulty locating able providers, and face significant barriers in accessing health services. The health care system’s failure to achieve effective collaboration between medical, mental health, and residential providers too often results in substandard care and poor outcomes for these populations. Methods: A creative partnership between two organizations in rural upstate New York, Ulster Green ARC and the Institute for Family Health, has made substantial inroads toward addressing this problem. The organizations have transformed a relationship borne of a financially failing health care model into a successful, comprehensive care network for a severely developmentally disabled populationbased in a Federally Qualified Health Center. Conclusions: The success of this effort is largely owing to an innovative use of health information technology to share information. © 2015 The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Gutierrez J.,The New York Academy of Medicine |
Devia C.,The Institute for Family Health |
Weiss L.,The New York Academy of Medicine |
Chantarat T.,The New York Academy of Medicine |
And 6 more authors.
Diabetes Educator | Year: 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Fine, Fit, and Fabulous (FFF), a faith-based diabetes prevention program for black and Latino congregants at churches in low-income New York City neighborhoods. FFF includes nutrition education and fitness activities while incorporating Bible-based teachings that encourage healthy lifestyles. Methods: FFF is a 12-week, bilingual program developed by the Bronx Health REACH coalition, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-funded Center of Excellence for the Elimination of Disparities. This program has been implemented in 15 Bronx and Harlem churches, engaging a primarily black and Latino overweight and obese urban population. Pre-post surveys, nutrition tests, and weight logs were collected to assess knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding healthy eating and physical activity. Results: Participants (n = 183) reported statistically significant improvements in knowledge and healthy behaviors from baseline. Increased numbers of participants reported exercising in the past 30 days, eating fruit daily, being able to judge portion sizes, and reading food labels. Statistically significant numbers reported that they ate less fast food and were less likely to overeat at follow-up. The average weight loss across churches was 4.38 lbs or 2% of participants' initial body weight. Significant differences were observed when stratifying by race/ethnicity. Conclusion: Evaluation results show FFF's success at engaging overweight adults in behavior changes related to healthy eating and exercise. FFF demonstrates the potential of faith-based health interventions to address obesity and diabetes risk in high-need communities of color. © 2014 The Author(s).
Acri M.C.,New York University |
Bornheimer L.A.,New York University |
O'Brien K.,New York University |
Sezer S.,The Institute for Family Health |
And 3 more authors.
Social Work in Health Care | Year: 2016
Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) are chronic, impairing, and costly behavioral health conditions that are four times more prevalent among children of color living in impoverished communities as compared to the general population. This disparity is largely due to the increased exposure to stressors related to low socioeconomic status including community violence, unstable housing, under supported schools, substance abuse, and limited support systems. However, despite high rates and greater need, there is a considerably lower rate of mental health service utilization among these youth. Accordingly, the current study aims to describe a unique model of integrated health care for ethnically diverse youth living in a New York City borough. With an emphasis on addressing possible barriers to implementation, integrated models for children have the potential to prevent ongoing mental health problems through early detection and intervention. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.
PubMed | The Institute for Family Health
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Family medicine | Year: 2016
Community-based primary care is a fundamental concept taught in family medicine. Best practices for community-oriented and public health training in medical training programs are underreported in the published literature. A Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA) offers an opportunity for family medicine residents to practice research and evaluation skills while learning about public health and the community they serve.A family medicine residency program in Harlem, NY, conducted a CHNA in order to assess their communitys health landscape and as an opportunity to teach the resident trainees research skills. Primary and secondary data were collected by the residents using public databases, surveys, focus groups, and key informant interviews. Residents completed a survey at the projects completion to assess their experience with the CHNA and to obtain suggestions for improving the process in the future.More than 50% of the 15 residents surveyed reported that the CHNA greatly improved their comfort level speaking to patients about social factors that affect their health. Participants responded that they valued the opportunity to engage with community members and to understand their patients on a population level. The greatest challenge for most residents was lack of devoted time to complete the project considering competing residency responsibilities.Conducting a CHNA in a primary care training program can help the next generation of family physicians become culturally competent and community focused in their work.
PubMed | Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Hofstra University and The Institute for Family Health
Type: | Journal: Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education | Year: 2015
Latinos have the highest rate of skin cancers among U.S. minorities. Despite a rising incidence of melanoma-the deadliest form of skin cancer-and greater disease burden, Latinos tend to have poor awareness of skin cancer risk factors which may inhibit preventive action. We expanded on prior work by qualitatively examining potential moderators (i.e., gender, acculturation) of skin cancer perceptions among Latinos from El Barrio in Harlem, New York City. Four focus groups stratified by language (English/Spanish) and gender were conducted. Discussions were recorded, transcribed, and coded using thematic analysis. Thirty-eight self-identified Latinos (32% male) participated. Across groups, median age was 35years; 50% completed
PubMed | The Institute for Family Health
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of public health | Year: 2012
Electronic health records (EHRs) have great potential to serve as a catalyst for more effective coordination between public health departments and primary care providers (PCP) in maintaining healthy communities. As a system for documenting patient health data, EHRs can be harnessed to improve public health surveillance for communicable and chronic illnesses. EHRs facilitate clinical alerts informed by public health goals that guide primary care physicians in real time in their diagnosis and treatment of patients. As health departments reassess their public health agendas, the use of EHRs to facilitate this agenda in primary care settings should be considered. PCPs and EHR vendors, in turn, will need to configure their EHR systems and practice workflows to align with public health priorities as these agendas include increased involvement of primary care providers in addressing public health concerns.
PubMed | The Institute for Family Health
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Mount Sinai journal of medicine, New York | Year: 2012
After a diminishing of its ranks following the post-World War II explosion of growth in medical discoveries, advanced medical technology, and the concomitant specialization of the physician workforce, family medicine is re-establishing itself as a leading medical specialty that has garnered growing interest among recent medical-school graduates. Family physicians provide care for patients of all ages, from newborns to the elderly. In addition to its wide scope of practice, family medicine is characterized by its emphasis on understanding of the whole person, its partnership approach with patients over many years, and its command of medical complexity. Family physicians are trained both to use community resources to assist individual patients in meeting medical or social needs and to identify and address community-wide needs. The specialty of family medicine is uniquely positioned to provide a leadership role in health-reform efforts that are accelerating across the country. Health care models that are gaining traction, such as the patient-centered medical home model, health homes, and accountable care organizations, share the characteristics of providing comprehensive, coordinated patient care with an emphasis on disease prevention and health promotion. This model of care, provided in the context of family and community, has been the hallmark of family medicine since its creation as a distinct medical specialty more than 40 years ago. In addition, family physicians ability to care for patients of all ages make them particularly cost-effective as the new models of care move to improve access to care through expanded hours and locations.