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Haroon G.,The Himalayan Ecological and Conservation Research Foundation | Khoiyangbam R.S.,Bundelkhand University | Ahmad S.,The Himalayan Ecological and Conservation Research Foundation | Zuber S.M.,Bundelkhand University
International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences | Year: 2010

Trace metal levels in the muscle tissues of Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and Snake Headed Fish (Ophiocephalus) commonly known as Saurya and Balaua inhabiting Antiya Tal of Jhansi was carried out during 2006-2007. Consequently higher concentration of various metals in water and fish muscles was observed which probably could be attributed to the addition of untreated sewage and other commercial run-off from the surrounding areas. As a matter of fact, present study stands witness to the fact that if the current unabated discharge of pollutants continues at the same rate, survival of fishes and other aquatic animals would be next to impossible. © Research India Publications.

Lone S.A.,Awdesh Pratap Singh University | Zubair S.M.,The Himalayan Ecological and Conservation Research Foundation | Lori S.M.,Awdesh Pratap Singh University | Winkle,The Himalayan Ecological and Conservation Research Foundation | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Ecophysiology and Occupational Health | Year: 2012

Nitrogen in any form is in fact a depiction of the productive status of the natural ecological systems provided its concentration is within the prescribed limit. But unregulated anthropogenic intervention in the aquatic ecosystems enhances the nitrogen content and accelerates its senescence. Dal Lake in the present area of study is under incessant human interference which has in fact reduced it to a mere sink of the refuse generated by the stakeholders living around. As a consequence of the present investigation, nitrate, nitrite and ammonia values were found to record an increase. © 2012 The Academy of Environmental Biology, India.

PubMed | The Himalayan Ecological and Conservation Research Foundation and Jammu University
Type: | Journal: Journal of ethnopharmacology | Year: 2015

The Gaddi community has been known for its shepherd profession from time immemorial. At least one family member or 4-5 people from a village adopt a nomadic lifestyle with their sheep flocks in between the hills of north western Himalaya. In Jammu and Kashmir, India, law enforcement has banned the collection of the medicinal plants from the wild except for the Gaddi, Gujjar and Bakerwal tribes who are permitted to collect the species for their personal use only. As a consequence, knowledge of medicinal plants lies with these tribes only. This study has been undertaken to assess the status of Oral Traditional Knowledge (OTK) on medicinal plant usage in one of these tribes, known as the Gaddi. The study has focused specifically on the Gaddi Shepherds as their nomadic lifestyle means that they are closely associated with nature and dependent on natural resources for their livelihood including treatment of various ailments.Data on indigenous knowledge has been collected through direct interviews of 53 shepherds of the Gaddi tribe and analyzed for quantitative parameters such as use-value and factor informant consensus.A total of 190 plant species belonging to 70 families, growing along the migratory route of the Gaddi Shepherds are used to treat more than 80 different ailments and disorders. Leaves are the most common plant parts used by the Gaddi Shepherds. The older shepherds are much more aware about the traditional knowledge on medicinal plant usage than the younger ones. 56 plant species are used to treat a range of gastrointestinal and liver disorders, however, diabetic conditions and stings/bites by snakes/scorpions are treated using only two plant species each. Mentha longifolia with UV = 0.26 is the species most commonly used by the informants for medicinal purposes. The low UV (below 1) and low Fic (near 0) is a common observation in the present study.The UV and Fic, analysis reveals that OTK on the medicinal plants is dwindling among the Gaddi Shepherds in Jammu and Kashmir, India.

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