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Wu Y.,Yunnan University | Cun Y.,Yunnan University | Dong J.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Shao J.,Yunnan University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Genetics and Genomics | Year: 2010

Based on the theory of constitution of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the human population is divided into nine constitutions including one balanced constitution (Normality) and eight unbalanced constitutions (Yang-deficiency, Yin-deficiency, Phlegm-wetness, Qi-deficiency, Wetness-heat, Blood stasis, Depressed constitution, and Inherited special constitution). Different constitutions have specific metabolic features and different susceptibility to certain diseases. However, whether a genetic basis accounts for such constitution classification is yet to be determined. Here we performed a genetic study to assess the association between genetic variations of metabolic genes including PPARD, PPARG and APM1 and the constitutions. A total of 233 individuals of the Han population in China were classified into four groups, Normality, Yang-deficiency, Yin-deficiency and Phlegm-wetness with whom 23 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the three genes were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Biased distribution of PPARD rs2267669 and rs2076167, APM1 rs7627128 and rs1063539 in Yang-deficiency, PPARG Pro12Ala in Yin-deficiency and PPARD rs2076167, APM1 rs266729 and rs7627128 in Phlegm-wetness were observed. The frequencies of Haplotype13 (Hap13) of PPARG in Yin-deficiency, Hap25 of APM1 in Yang-deficiency and Hap2 of PPARD and Hap14 of PPARG in Phlegm-wetness, were significantly different from those in Normality, suggesting those might be group-associated haplotypes. These results suggested that single SNP and haplotypes of PPARD, PPARG and APM1 may underlie the genetic basis of the constitutions classified in TCM. © 2010 Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology and the Genetics Society of China. Source


Liu C.-H.,City College of New York | Zhou Y.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Sun Y.,City College of New York | Li J.Y.,Beijing Cancer Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2013

Raman spectroscopy is a sensitive method to detect early changes of molecular composition and structure that occur in lesions during carcinogenesis. The Raman spectra of normal, benign and cancerous breast tissues were investigated in vitro using a near-infrared (NIR) Raman system of 785 nm excitation and confocal micro resonance Raman system of 532 nm excitation. A total number of 491 Raman spectra were acquired from normal, benign and cancerous breast tissues taken from 15 patients. When the 785 nm excitation was used, the dominant peaks in the spectra were characteristic of the vibrations of proteins and lipids. The differences between the normal and cancerous breast tissues were observed in both the peak positions and the intensity ratios of the characteristic Raman peaks in the spectral region of 700-1800 cm-1. With 532 nm excitation, the resonance Raman (RR) spectra exhibited a robust pattern of peaks within the region of 500-4000 cm-1. The intensities of four distinct peaks at 1156, 1521, 2854 and 3013 cm-1 detected in the spectra collected from normal breast tissue were found to be stronger in comparison with those collected from cancerous breast tissue. The twelve dramatically enhanced characteristic peaks, including the enhanced amide II peak at 1548 cm-1 in the spectra collected from cancerous breast tissue, distinguished the cancerous tissue from the normal tissue. Principal component analysis (PCA) combined with support vector machine (SVM) analysis of the Raman and RR spectral data yielded a high performance in the classification of cancerous and benign lesions from normal breast tissue. © Adenine Press (2013). Source


Zhang P.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Zhang P.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Liu W.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Liu W.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Melanosomes are specialized membrane-surrounded organelles, which are involved in the synthesis, storage and transport of melanin. Glycoprotein (transmembrane) non-metastatic melanoma protein b (GPNMB), a melanosome-specific structural protein, shares significant amino acid sequence homology with Pmel-17. Proteomic analysis demonstrated that GPNMB is present in all stages (I-IV) of melanosomes. However, little is known about the role of GPNMB in melanosomes. Methodology/Principal Findings: Using real-time quantitative PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis, we demonstrated that the expression of GPNMB in PIG1 melanocytes was up-regulated by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that the total number of melanosomes in PIG1 melanocytes was sharply reduced by GPNMB-siRNA transfection. Simultaneously, the expression levels of tyrosinase (Tyr), tyrosinase related protein 1 (Trp1), Pmel17/gp100 and ocular albinism type 1 protein (OA1) were all significantly attenuated. But the expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) was up-regulated. Intriguingly, in GPNMB silenced PIG1 melanocytes, UVB radiation sharply reduced MITF expression. Conclusion: Our present work revealed that the GPNMB was critical for the formation of melanosomes. And GPNMB expression down-regulation attenuated melanosome formation in a MITF-independent fashion. © 2012 Zhang et al. Source


Cheng Y.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Cheng Y.,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Cheng Y.-M.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Cheng Y.-M.,Chinese Institute of Aviation Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2011

Benign familial chronic pemphigus (Hailey-Hailey disease, HHD; MIM 169600) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary disorder characterized by pruritic vesicles, painful erosions and scaly erythematous plaques at the sites of friction and flexures. Mutations in ATP2C1, which encoding the human secretory pathway Ca2+/Mn2+-ATPase protein 1 (hSPCA1), have been identified as the pathogenic gene of HHD. We found a novel, distinct, heterozygous mutation during study of a Chinese patient with HHD. We identified a C→T transition at nucleotide 1235 (p.Thr352IIe), in exon 13 of ATP2C1. This observation would be useful for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for affected families and in expanding the repertoire of ATP2C1 mutations underlying HHD. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source


Chen X.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Li H.S.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Yin Y.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Feng Y.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Tan X.W.,The General Hospital of the Air Force
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015

Titanium alloy and stainless steel (SS) had been widely used as dental implant materials because of their affinity with epithelial tissue and connective tissue, and good physical, chemical, biological, mechanical properties and processability. We compared the effects of titanium alloy and SS on macrophage cytokine expression as well as their biocompatibility. Mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells were cultured on titanium alloy and SS surfaces. Cells were counted by scanning electron microscopy. A nitride oxide kit was used to detect released nitric oxide by macrophages on the different materials. An enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels. Scanning electron microscopy revealed fewer macrophages on the surface of titanium alloy (48.2 ± 6.4 x 103 cells/cm2) than on SS (135 ± 7.3 x 103 cells/cm2). The nitric oxide content stimulated by titanium alloy was 22.5 mM, which was lower than that stimulated by SS (26.8 mM), but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.07). The level of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 released was significantly higher in the SS group (OD value = 0.128) than in the titanium alloy group (OD value = 0.081) (P = 0.024). The transforming growth factor-b1 mRNA expression levels in macrophages after stimulation by titanium alloy for 12 and 36 h were significantly higher than that after stimulation by SS (P = 0.31 and 0.25, respectively). Macrophages participate in the inflammatory response by regulating cytokines such as nitric oxide, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and transforming growth factor-b1. There were fewer macrophages and lower inflammation on the titanium alloy surface than on the SS surface. Titanium alloy materials exhibited better biological compatibility than did SS. © FUNPEC-RP. Source

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