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PubMed | CAS National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, U.S. Food and Drug Administration and The General Hospital of the Air Force
Type: | Journal: Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) | Year: 2016

As a widely used nanomaterial in daily life, silver nanomaterials may cause great concern to female reproductive system as they are found to penetrate the blood-placental barrier and gain access to the ovary. However, it is largely unknown about how silver nanomaterials influence ovarian physiology and functions such as hormone production. This study performs in vitro toxicology study of silver nanomaterials, focusing especially on cytotoxicity and steroidogenesis and explores their underlying mechanisms. This study exposes primary rat granulosa cells to gold nanorod core/silver shell nanostructures (Au@Ag NRs), and compares outcomes with cells exposed to gold nanorods. The Au@Ag NRs generate more reactive oxygen species and reduce mitochondrial membrane potential and less production of adenosine triphosphate. Au@Ag NRs promote steroidogenesis, including progesterone and estradiol, in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Chemical reactivity and transformation of Au@Ag NRs are then studied by electron spin resonance spectroscopy and X-ray absorption near edge structure, which analyze the generation of free radical and intracellular silver species. Results suggest that both particle-specific activity and intracellular silver ion release of Au@Ag NR contribute to the toxic response of granulosa cells.


Liu C.-H.,City College of New York | Zhou Y.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Sun Y.,City College of New York | Li J.Y.,Beijing Cancer Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2013

Raman spectroscopy is a sensitive method to detect early changes of molecular composition and structure that occur in lesions during carcinogenesis. The Raman spectra of normal, benign and cancerous breast tissues were investigated in vitro using a near-infrared (NIR) Raman system of 785 nm excitation and confocal micro resonance Raman system of 532 nm excitation. A total number of 491 Raman spectra were acquired from normal, benign and cancerous breast tissues taken from 15 patients. When the 785 nm excitation was used, the dominant peaks in the spectra were characteristic of the vibrations of proteins and lipids. The differences between the normal and cancerous breast tissues were observed in both the peak positions and the intensity ratios of the characteristic Raman peaks in the spectral region of 700-1800 cm-1. With 532 nm excitation, the resonance Raman (RR) spectra exhibited a robust pattern of peaks within the region of 500-4000 cm-1. The intensities of four distinct peaks at 1156, 1521, 2854 and 3013 cm-1 detected in the spectra collected from normal breast tissue were found to be stronger in comparison with those collected from cancerous breast tissue. The twelve dramatically enhanced characteristic peaks, including the enhanced amide II peak at 1548 cm-1 in the spectra collected from cancerous breast tissue, distinguished the cancerous tissue from the normal tissue. Principal component analysis (PCA) combined with support vector machine (SVM) analysis of the Raman and RR spectral data yielded a high performance in the classification of cancerous and benign lesions from normal breast tissue. © Adenine Press (2013).


PubMed | The General Hospital of the Air Force, Clinical Force and Air Force Research Lab
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Curcumin is a widely known natural phytochemical from plant Curcuma longa. In recent years, curcumin has received increasing attention because of its capability to induce apoptosis and inhibit cell proliferation as well as its anti-inflammatory properties in different cancer cells. However, the therapeutic benefits of curcumin are severely hampered due to its particularly low absorption via trans-dermal or oral bioavailability. Phototherapy with visible light is gaining more and more support in dermatological therapy. Red light is part of the visible light spectrum, which is able to deeply penetrate the skin to about 6 mm, and directly affect the fibroblast of the skin dermis. Blue light is UV-free irradiation which is fit for treating chronic inflammation diseases. In this study, we show that curcumin at low concentrations (1.25-3.12 M) has a strong anti-proliferative effect on TNF--induced psoriasis-like inflammation when applied in combination with light-emitting-diode devices. The treatment was especially effective when LED blue light at 405 nm was combined with red light at 630 or 660 nm, which markedly amplified the anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects of curcumin. The experimental results demonstrated that this treatment reduced the viability of human skin keratinocytes, decreased cell proliferation, induced apoptosis, inhibited NF-B activity and activated caspase-8 and caspase-9 while preserving the cell membrane integrity. Moreover, the combined treatment also down-regulated the phosphorylation level of Akt and ERK. Taken together, our results indicated that the combination of curcumin with LED blue light united red light irradiation can attain a higher efficiency of regulating proliferation and apoptosis in skin keratinocytes.


Cheng Y.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Cheng Y.,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Cheng Y.-M.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Cheng Y.-M.,Chinese Institute of Aviation Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2011

Benign familial chronic pemphigus (Hailey-Hailey disease, HHD; MIM 169600) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary disorder characterized by pruritic vesicles, painful erosions and scaly erythematous plaques at the sites of friction and flexures. Mutations in ATP2C1, which encoding the human secretory pathway Ca2+/Mn2+-ATPase protein 1 (hSPCA1), have been identified as the pathogenic gene of HHD. We found a novel, distinct, heterozygous mutation during study of a Chinese patient with HHD. We identified a C→T transition at nucleotide 1235 (p.Thr352IIe), in exon 13 of ATP2C1. This observation would be useful for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for affected families and in expanding the repertoire of ATP2C1 mutations underlying HHD. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


Zhang P.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Zhang P.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Liu W.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Liu W.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Melanosomes are specialized membrane-surrounded organelles, which are involved in the synthesis, storage and transport of melanin. Glycoprotein (transmembrane) non-metastatic melanoma protein b (GPNMB), a melanosome-specific structural protein, shares significant amino acid sequence homology with Pmel-17. Proteomic analysis demonstrated that GPNMB is present in all stages (I-IV) of melanosomes. However, little is known about the role of GPNMB in melanosomes. Methodology/Principal Findings: Using real-time quantitative PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis, we demonstrated that the expression of GPNMB in PIG1 melanocytes was up-regulated by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that the total number of melanosomes in PIG1 melanocytes was sharply reduced by GPNMB-siRNA transfection. Simultaneously, the expression levels of tyrosinase (Tyr), tyrosinase related protein 1 (Trp1), Pmel17/gp100 and ocular albinism type 1 protein (OA1) were all significantly attenuated. But the expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) was up-regulated. Intriguingly, in GPNMB silenced PIG1 melanocytes, UVB radiation sharply reduced MITF expression. Conclusion: Our present work revealed that the GPNMB was critical for the formation of melanosomes. And GPNMB expression down-regulation attenuated melanosome formation in a MITF-independent fashion. © 2012 Zhang et al.


PubMed | The General Hospital of the Air Force and Air Force Research Lab
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016

Malignant melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin carcinoma, which possesses fast propagating and highly invasive characteristics. Curcumin is a natural phenol compound that has various biological activities, such as anti-proliferative and apoptosis-accelerating impacts on tumor cells. Unfortunately, the therapeutical activities of Cur are severely hindered due to its extremely low bioavailability. In this study, a cooperative therapy of low concentration Cur combined with red united blue light irradiation was performed to inspect the synergistic effects on the apoptosis, proliferation and autophagy in human melanoma A375 cell. The results showed that red united blue light irradiation efficaciously synergized with Cur to trigger oxidative stress-mediated cell death, induce apoptosis and inhibit cell proliferation. Meanwhile, Western blotting revealed that combined disposure induced the formation of autophagosomes. Conversely, inhibition of the autophagy enhanced apoptosis, obstructed cell cycle arrest and induced reversible proliferation arrest to senescence. These findings suggest that Cur combined with red united blue light irradiation could generate photochemo-preventive effects via enhancing apoptosis and triggering autophagy, and pharmacological inhibition of autophagy convert reversible arrested cells to senescence, therefore reducing the possibility that damaged cells might escape programmed death.


Wu Y.,Yunnan University | Cun Y.,Yunnan University | Dong J.,The General Hospital of the Air Force | Shao J.,Yunnan University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Genetics and Genomics | Year: 2010

Based on the theory of constitution of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the human population is divided into nine constitutions including one balanced constitution (Normality) and eight unbalanced constitutions (Yang-deficiency, Yin-deficiency, Phlegm-wetness, Qi-deficiency, Wetness-heat, Blood stasis, Depressed constitution, and Inherited special constitution). Different constitutions have specific metabolic features and different susceptibility to certain diseases. However, whether a genetic basis accounts for such constitution classification is yet to be determined. Here we performed a genetic study to assess the association between genetic variations of metabolic genes including PPARD, PPARG and APM1 and the constitutions. A total of 233 individuals of the Han population in China were classified into four groups, Normality, Yang-deficiency, Yin-deficiency and Phlegm-wetness with whom 23 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the three genes were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Biased distribution of PPARD rs2267669 and rs2076167, APM1 rs7627128 and rs1063539 in Yang-deficiency, PPARG Pro12Ala in Yin-deficiency and PPARD rs2076167, APM1 rs266729 and rs7627128 in Phlegm-wetness were observed. The frequencies of Haplotype13 (Hap13) of PPARG in Yin-deficiency, Hap25 of APM1 in Yang-deficiency and Hap2 of PPARD and Hap14 of PPARG in Phlegm-wetness, were significantly different from those in Normality, suggesting those might be group-associated haplotypes. These results suggested that single SNP and haplotypes of PPARD, PPARG and APM1 may underlie the genetic basis of the constitutions classified in TCM. © 2010 Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology and the Genetics Society of China.


PubMed | The General Hospital of the Air Force
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2015

Titanium alloy and stainless steel (SS) had been widely used as dental implant materials because of their affinity with epithelial tissue and connective tissue, and good physical, chemical, biological, mechanical properties and processability. We compared the effects of titanium alloy and SS on macrophage cytokine expression as well as their biocompatibility. Mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells were cultured on titanium alloy and SS surfaces. Cells were counted by scanning electron microscopy. A nitride oxide kit was used to detect released nitric oxide by macrophages on the different materials. An enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels. Scanning electron microscopy revealed fewer macrophages on the surface of titanium alloy (48.2 6.4 x 10(3) cells/cm(2)) than on SS (135 7.3 x 10(3) cells/cm(2)). The nitric oxide content stimulated by titanium alloy was 22.5 mM, which was lower than that stimulated by SS (26.8 mM), but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.07). The level of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 released was significantly higher in the SS group (OD value = 0.128) than in the titanium alloy group (OD value = 0.081) (P = 0.024). The transforming growth factor-b1 mRNA expression levels in macrophages after stimulation by titanium alloy for 12 and 36 h were significantly higher than that after stimulation by SS (P = 0.31 and 0.25, respectively). Macrophages participate in the inflammatory response by regulating cytokines such as nitric oxide, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and transforming growth factor-b1. There were fewer macrophages and lower inflammation on the titanium alloy surface than on the SS surface. Titanium alloy materials exhibited better biological compatibility than did SS.


PubMed | The General Hospital of the Air Force
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of oral biology | Year: 2015

Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) possess pluripotent properties that allow them to differentiate into multiple cell lineages, which can be potentially used in tissue regeneration. The aim of this in vitro study is to explore the effect of miRNAs on the myogenic differentiation of human adult DPSCs and seek for some potential biological factors for stable and feasible application in DPSC myogenic differentiation.Human adult DPSCs were isolated from normal impacted third molars were treated with 5-Aza-2-deoxycytidine to induce to myogenic differentiation in vitro. During this process the levels of myomiRNAs and myogenic marker genes were detected by real-time qPCR and Western blotting. Then antisense oligonucleotides of miR-143 and miR-135 were transfected into DPSCs to explore their effects on myogenic differentiation. Gene expression detection and MyHC immunofluorescence microscopy analysis were applied to characterize the myogenic differentiation of DPSCs.Expression of miR-135 and miR-143 was markedly decreased in myoblast DPSCs induced by 5-Aza. Part of the DPSCs treated with miR-135 or miR-143 inhibitors showed apparent myocytic properties and eventually fused to form myotubes. Co-transfection of miR-135 and miR-143 inhibitors impelled half of DPSCs to form myotubes.MiR-135 and miR-143 inhibitors could induce myogenic differentiation of DPSCs. Our findings indicated that miRNAs could exert a decisive function in induction of myogenic differentiation of DPSCs.


PubMed | the General Hospital of the Air Force
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2012

Melanosomes are specialized membrane-surrounded organelles, which are involved in the synthesis, storage and transport of melanin. Glycoprotein (transmembrane) non-metastatic melanoma protein b (GPNMB), a melanosome-specific structural protein, shares significant amino acid sequence homology with Pmel-17. Proteomic analysis demonstrated that GPNMB is present in all stages (I-IV) of melanosomes. However, little is known about the role of GPNMB in melanosomes.Using real-time quantitative PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis, we demonstrated that the expression of GPNMB in PIG1 melanocytes was up-regulated by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that the total number of melanosomes in PIG1 melanocytes was sharply reduced by GPNMB-siRNA transfection. Simultaneously, the expression levels of tyrosinase (Tyr), tyrosinase related protein 1 (Trp1), Pmel17/gp100 and ocular albinism type 1 protein (OA1) were all significantly attenuated. But the expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) was up-regulated. Intriguingly, in GPNMB silenced PIG1 melanocytes, UVB radiation sharply reduced MITF expression.Our present work revealed that the GPNMB was critical for the formation of melanosomes. And GPNMB expression down-regulation attenuated melanosome formation in a MITF-independent fashion.

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