Yu P.,Nanjing Medical University |
Shen F.,Nanjing Medical University |
Zhang X.,Nanjing Medical University |
Cao R.,Nanjing Medical University |
And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
Background: Previous studies implicated that IL23R and IL17 genes play an important role in autoimmune inflammation. Genome-wide association studies have also identified multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL23R gene region associated with inflammatory bowel diseases. This study examined the association of IL23R and IL17A gene SNPs with ulcerative colitis susceptibility in a population in China. Methodology: A total of 270 ulcerative colitis and 268 healthy controls were recruited for the analyses of 23 SNPs in the IL23R and IL17A regions. Genomic DNA was extracted and analysis of these 23 SNPs using ligase detection reaction allelic (LDR) technology. Genotype and allele associations were calculated using SPSS 13.0 software package. Principal Findings: Compared to the healthy controls, the variant alleles IL23R rs7530511, and rs11805303 showed a statistically significant difference for ulcerative colitis susceptibility (0.7% vs 3.3%, P = 0.002; 60.4% vs 53.2%, P = 0.0017, respectively). The linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns of these SNPs were measured and three LD blocks from the SNPs of IL23R and one block from those of IL17A were identified. A novel association with ulcerative colitis susceptibility occurred in haplotypes of IL23R (Block1 H3 P = 0.02; Block2 H2 P = 0.019; Block3 H4 P = 0.029) and IL17A (H4 P = 0.034). Pair-wise analyses showed an interaction between the risk haplotypes in IL23R and IL17A (P = 0.014). Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that rs7530511, and rs11805303 of IL23R were significantly associated with ulcerative colitis susceptibility in the Chinese population. The most noticeable finding was the linkage of IL23R and IL17A gene region to ulcerative colitis risk due to the gene-gene interaction. © 2012 Yu et al.
Xie F.,Fudan University |
Meng Y.-H.,Fudan University |
Liu L.-B.,Fudan University |
Liu L.-B.,The Fourth Peoples Hospital of WuXi |
And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology | Year: 2013
Problem: To explore whether cervical carcinomas cells-derived thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) modulates the biologic behavior of vascular endothelial cells and herein participates in the angiogenesis in the cervical cancer pathogenesis. Method of study: We analyzed expression of TSLP and its receptor (TSLPR) in cervical cancer cells by immunohistochemistry, ELISA, and flow cytometry, respectively. We further investigated the effects of TSLP on the proliferation, apoptosis, activation, and angiogenesis in vitro of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Results: It has been found that the cervical cancer cells translate TSLP and endothelial cells express TSLPR in cervical cancer tissues. Both HeLa and CaSki cells secret TSLP in a time-dependent manner, and the ratio of TSLPR-positive HUVECs is about 30%. It has been showed that recombinant human TSLP (rhTSLP) can significantly increase Ki67 and CD62E expression in HUVECs and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels from HeLa and CaSki cells; on the contrary, anti-human TSLP or TSLPR neutralizing antibody down-regulates the expression of Ki67, angiogenesis-relative molecules CD62E, and CD105 in HUVECs cocultured with HeLa or CasKi cells and inhibits IL-6 secretion from HeLa and CaSki cells. Moreover, both rhTSLP and endogenous TSLP from HeLa or CaSki cells obviously stimulate the proliferation, activation, and angiogenesis, but not influence the apoptosis of HUVECs in vitro. Conclusion: This study has demonstrated that TSLP secreted by cervical carcinomas cells is involved in the angiogenesis of cervical cancer in a paracrine manner. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Ren F.,The Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
Xu H.-W.,The Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
Hu Y.,The Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
Yan S.-H.,The Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
And 3 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2012
The aim of this study was to elucidate the expression and localization of menin, a protein encoded by the multiple endocrine neoplasia type I (MEN1) gene, in 13 human cancer cell lines. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to determine the expression of the menin gene. The localization of the menin protein was detected by immunofluorescence microscopy. Western blotting was used to determine the quantity of menin in the nucleus, cytosol and membrane of the cells. RT-PCR revealed that menin was expressed in all the cell lines examined in this study. Immunofluorescence microscopy revealed that menin was located primarily in the nucleus. In the GES-1 (transformed human gastric epithelium), MCF-7 (breast cancer), SGH44 (brain glioma) and HeLa (cervical cancer) cell lines, menin was also found to be localized to the membrane, cytosol and nucleus. Moreover, in SGH44 cells more menin was located in the cytosol than the nucleus. Similar findings were obtained by western blotting. In the GES-1 and MKN-28 cells undergoing octreotide treatment, cytoplasmic menin was significantly increased compared with the control groups. Therefore, we suggest that menin is expressed in a number of human cancer cell lines and that the cytosolic distribution increases when the cells undergo octreotide treatment, indicating a new role for menin.
Liu F.,Soochow University of China |
Liu F.,The Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
He Y.,Soochow University of China |
Liang Y.,Soochow University of China |
And 8 more authors.
Cancer Cell International | Year: 2013
Background: Lup-20(29)-en-3H-ol (Lupeol), a dietary triterpene, has been shown to possess multiple pharmacological activities including anti-tumor effects. Methods: In the current study, we noted that low doses of lupeol (<40 μM) promoted the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells with a significant activation of the PI3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway. We further investigated the combined anti-tumor effect of lupeol and S14161, a newly identified PI3-Kinase inhibitor in vitro and in vivo. Results: The results demonstrated that lupeol and S14161 could exert a synergistic antitumor effect resulting in chemo-sensitization of HCC to low doses of lupeol. Using an in vivo HCC model, we further demonstrated that lupeol and S14161 synergistically inhibited tumor growth without any adverse effects on body weight. Conclusion: Our studies showed that the activation of PI3-kinase/Akt pathway resulted in the tumor-promoting effect with low doses of lupeol. Combining PI3-kinase inhibitor with lupeol could synergistically augment the anti-tumor effect of lupeol and might be an applicable strategy for HCC therapy. © 2013 Liu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
PubMed | the Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology reports | Year: 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of antiproliferative transducer of erbB2, 1 (TOB1) on the radiosensitivity of the normal human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE. After exposure to different doses of irradiation or a certain dose for different time intervals, the expression of TOB1 mRNA and protein in HBE cells was determined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and western blot analysis. Liposome-induced recombinant plasmid transfection and G418 selection were performed to establish a stably transfected TOB1-overexpressing HBE cell line. A clonogenic assay was used to determine the radiosensitivity of the HBE cells with different TOB1 expression statuses. The cell cycle distribution was detected by flow cytometry. The ionizing radiation (IR)-induced -H2AX foci formation was detected by immunofluorescence assay. The related mechanism was explored by western blot analysis. TOB1 expression in the HBE cells was not induced by IR, neither dose-dependently nor time-dependently. Compared to the parental or mock transfected HBE cells, the radiosensitivity of HBE cells overexpressing TOB1 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). Exogenous TOB1 prevented HBE cells from apoptosis after IR, in contrast to the control cells (P<0.05), and significantly decreased the IR-induced -H2AX foci formation. After IR, the expression of DNA damage repair proteins such as XRCC1, MRE11, FEN1 and ATM was increased in the TOB1overexpressing HBE cells when compared with the expression levels in the control cells. HBE/TOB1 cells presented a much higher phosphorylated ERK1/2 and phosphorylated p53 when compared with the levels in the control cell lines when receiving 6 Gy of X-rays. Notably, the increased expression of phosphorylated p53 in HBE/TOB1 cells after IR was sufficiently blocked by U0126, a specific inhibitor of MEK1/2. Different from its functions in several lung cancer cell lines, TOB1 demonstrated a radioprotective function in the immortalized normal human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE via the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway.