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Zeng C.,Central South University | Zhou P.,Central South University | Jiang T.,Central South University | Yuan C.,Hunan Aerospace Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Molecular Neurobiology

Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of intractable epilepsy and is always accompanied with hippocampal sclerosis. The molecular mechanism of this pathological phenomenon has been extensively explored, yet remains unclear. Previous studies suggest that ion channels, especially calcium channels, might play important roles. Transient receptor potential canonical channel (TRPC) is a novel cation channel dominantly permeable to Ca2+ and widely expressed in the human brain. We measured the expression of two subtypes of TRPC channels, TRPC3 and TRPC6, in temporal lobe epileptic foci excised from patients with intractable epilepsy and in hippocampus of mice with pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE), an animal model of TLE. Cortical TRPC3 and TRPC6 protein expressions were significantly higher in TLE patients compared with those in controls. Expression of TRPC3 and TRPC6 protein also increased significantly in the CA3 region of the hippocampus of SE mice. Inhibition of TRPC3 by intracerebroventricular injection of anti-TRPC3 antibody prevented aberrant-sprouted mossy fiber collaterals in the CA3 region, while inhibition of TRPC6 by anti-TRPC6 antibody reduced dendritic arborization and spine density of CA3 pyramidal neurons. Our results indicate that TRPC3 and TRPC6 participate diversely in synaptic reorganization in the mossy fiber pathway in TLE. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Liu W.-G.,Central South University | Zhu H.-H.,The First Peoples Hospital of Yueyang | Zhu W.-H.,Central South University | Duan X.-X.,Hunan Provincial Childrens Hospital | Zhao Y.-F.,Central South University
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology

Objective: To explore the value of wave intensity (WI) technique in assessing hemodynamic alteration of patients with hypertension. Methods: Right common carotid artery of 30 hypertension patients (hypertension group) and 30 healthy people (controlgroup) were examined with WI technique. WI parameters of the two groups were automatically calculated and compared. Results: (1)W1 and W2 in hypertension group were significantly higher than those in control group (all P<0.05). (2)NA was also considerably greater in hypertension group than that in control group (P<0.01). There was positive correlation between NA and U max in hypertension group (r=0.66, P<0.01), but NA had no correlation with U max in control group (r=0.34, P=0.07). Conclusion: WI technology is a simple noninvasive means of assessing hemodynamic alteration of hypertension patients. Source

Yin Q.-H.,The First Peoples Hospital of Yueyang | Liu C.,Shanghai University | Hu J.-B.,The First Peoples Hospital of Yueyang | Meng R.-R.,Shanghai University | And 2 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Background: Published data regarding the association between xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) Lys751Gln and Asp312Asn polymorphisms and gastric cancer susceptibility havew been inconclusive. This meta-analysis was therefore performed toobtain a more precise estimationof any relationship. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify all case-control studies of Lys751Gln and Asp312Asn polymorphisms and susceptibility to gastric cancer.Summary odds ratios (ORs) and its 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated using a random-effects model with the software STATA (version10.0). Results: A total of 12 case-control studies including 3,147 cases and 4,736 controls were included. Overall, no significantassociations were found in some models (for Lys751Gln: Lys/Gln vs Lys/Lys: OR=1.144, 95% CI=0.851-1.541, Gln/Gln vs Lys/Lys: OR=1.215, 95%CI = 0.740-1.955, dominant model: OR=1.137, 95% CI=0.818-1.582; recessive model: OR=1.123, 95% CI=0.765-1.650; for Asp312Asn: Asp/Asn vs Asp/Asp: OR=1.180, 95% CI=0.646-2.154, dominant model: OR=1.380, 95% CI = 0.812-2.346), but significantly elevated susceptibility was foundfor Asp312Asn polymorphism in some models (Asn/Asn vs Asp/Asp: OR=2.045, 95% CI=1.254-3.335, recessive model: OR=1.805, 95% CI =1.219-2.672 ), for the additive model, the XPD Lys751Gln and Asp312Asn polymorphisms were not significantly associated with gastric cancer susceptibility. In stratified analyses, significantly elevated susceptibility was found for some models in the Chinese population. Conclusion: Thismeta-analysis suggested the XPD Asp312Asn polymorphism might be a potential biomarker of gastric cancer susceptibility in overall population, while both XPD Lys751Gln and Asp312Asn polymorphisms might be risk factors of gastric cancer susceptibility in Chinese. Source

Zou Z.,The First Peoples Hospital of Yueyang | Fu X.,Peking University
Current Protein and Peptide Science

Modulation of protein intrinsic activity in cells is generally carried out via a combination of four common ways, i.e., allosteric regulation, covalent modification, proteolytic cleavage and association of other regulatory proteins. Accumulated evidence indicate that changes of certain abiotic factors (e.g., temperature, pH, light and mechanical force) within or outside the cells directly influence protein structure and thus profoundly modulate the functions of a wide range of proteins, termed as abiotic regulatory proteins (e.g., heat shock factor, small heat shock protein, hemoglobin, zymogen, integrin, rhodopsin). Such abiotic regulation apparently differs from the four classic ways in perceiving and response to the signals. Importantly, it enables cells to directly and also immediately response to extracellular stimuli, thus facilitating the ability of organisms to resist against and adapt to the abiotic stress and thereby playing crucial roles in life evolution. Altogether, abiotic regulation may be considered as a common way for proteins to modulate their functions. © 2015 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

Liu X.-L.,Beihua University | Jia Q.-J.,Central Hospital of Jilin | Wang L.-N.,Jilin University | Liu Z.-M.,Jilin Cancer Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Medical Science Monitor

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) polymorphisms in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) susceptibility and individual responses to drug treatment. Material/Methods: This case-control study consisted of 93 cases with POAG and 125 controls. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to analyze CYP2C19 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). After timolol treatment, patients were classified into side effect (SE) group and non-side effect (NSE) group. According to drug treatment responses, patients were divided into 3 groups: excellent group (Ex) (IOP ≥8 mm Hg); utility group (Ut) (5 0.05). Frequencies of extensive metabolizer phenotype and poor metabolizer phenotype or poor metabolizer phenotype and intermediate metabolizer phenotype were significantly different between the SE group and NSE group (both P<0.05). The distribution of intermediate metabolizer phenotype and extensive metabolizer phenotype were significantly different among Ex group, Ut group, and In group (all P<0.05). Conclusions: We found no evidence that CYP2C19 polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to POAG. However, different CYP2C19 metabolizer phenotypes were identified and observed to have important effects on the individual differences in drug treatment response. © Med Sci Monit. Source

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