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Huang Z.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Yuan L.,Fudan University | Jiang Z.,Zhejiang University | Jiang Z.,The First Peoples Hospital Of Wenling | Wang D.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
OncoTargets and Therapy | Year: 2015

Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of bone in young individuals. Genetic factors may play an important role in the tumorigenesis of osteosarcoma. Here we carried out a case-control study to investigate seven NAT2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1799929, rs120, rs1041983, rs1801280, rs1799930, rs1799931, and rs1801279) on the risk and prognosis of osteosarcoma. This study included 260 young osteosarcoma cases and 286 controls. The TaqMan method was used to determine genotypes. We found that rs1799931 G>A polymorphisms were associated with a decreased risk of osteosarcoma in young Chinese population, and rs1041983 CT genotype seemed to play a protective role in the risk of osteosarcoma. However, further analysis showed that rs1041983 polymorphisms were associated with an elevated risk of tumor metastasis, predicting poor prognosis. This study provided the first evidence for the associations between NAT2 polymorphisms and osteosarcoma risk and metastasis in Chinese population. © 2015 Huang et al.

PubMed | CAS Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, The First Peoples Hospital of Wenling and Beijing Technology and Business University
Type: | Journal: Chemosphere | Year: 2016

Presently, knowledge on the partitioning of polybrominated biphenyl ethers (PBDEs) from mother to fetus and the relationship between PBDE exposure and the levels of thyroid hormones (THs) needs to be extended further. In the present study, we investigated the concentrations of PBDEs in paired mother-fetus samples from 72 pregnant women in Wenling, China. The detection of PBDE concentration suggested that the expectant women living in Wenling for over 20 years might be highly exposed to PBDEs, which is largely ascribed to e-waste recycling activities in the local environment. The median concentration ratios between paired cord serum and maternal serum for higher-brominated BDEs were smaller than those for lower-brominated BDEs (p<0.05). This result indicated that the placenta could hinder the transfer of PBDEs from mother to fetus, and the hindrance effect increased with higher-brominated congeners. Median ratios of paired placenta vs. maternal serum concentrations varied in a narrow range (0.15-0.25), with significantly lower value for BDE-209 than that for BDE-28 (p<0.01). The extent of transplacental transfer was larger than that of placental retention for eight BDE congeners (p<0.01). The concentration of BDE congeners among the paired samples could be fitted by equations, implying that their distribution could be predicted for each other (p<0.001). There was a significant association between BDE-153 and TT

Dai D.-P.,Beijing Hospital and Beijing Institute of Geriatrics | Geng P.-W.,Wenzhou University | Geng P.-W.,The Peoples Hospital of Lishui | Wang S.-H.,The Peoples Hospital of Lishui | And 6 more authors.
Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology | Year: 2015

Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) is one of the most widely investigated CYPs related to genetic polymorphisms and is responsible for one-quarter of the currently used clinical drugs. We previously detected 22 novel, non-synonymous, mutated sites in the Chinese population, but nothing is known about the functional effects of these mutations in terms of specific CYP2D6 substrates. In this study, wild-type CYP2D6, two common allelic variants and 22 newly reported CYP2D6 isoforms were transiently expressed in 293FT cells, and the enzymatic activities of these variants were systematically assessed using dextromethorphan and bufuralol as the probing substrates. Consequently, 19 and 21 allelic variants were found to exhibit significantly decreased enzymatic activities for dextromethorphan and bufuralol, respectively. Of 22 novel CYP2D6 variants, six allelic isoforms (CYP2D6.89, CYP2D6.92, CYP2D6.93, CYP2D6.96, E215K and R440C) exhibited absent or extremely reduced metabolic activities compared with those observed for the wild-type enzyme. Our in vitro functional data can be useful for CYP2D6 phenotype prediction and provide valuable information for the study of clinical impact of these newly found CYP2D6 variants in China. © 2015 Nordic Association for the Publication of BCPT (former Nordic Pharmacological Society).

Zhong H.-B.,The First Peoples Hospital Of Wenling | Zhong Y.-F.,The First Peoples Hospital Of Wenling
World Chinese Journal of Digestology | Year: 2015

AIM: To determine the risk factors associated with esophageal complications of ingestion of fish bones in adults. METHODS: Seventy-five adult patients who had ingestion of fish bones were investigated at our hospital. The complications were analyzed and the risk factor for them were identified with regard to patient characteristics, fish bone characteristics and the relationship between fish bones and the esophageal wall. Binary Logistic regression was used to explore the associations between the potential risk factors (independent variables) and the complications (dependent variables). RESULTS: Forty-six cases had complications associated with ingestion of fish bones, which included erosions (23, 30.26%), lacerations (10, 13.16%), ulcers (8, 10.53%), and perforation (5, 6.58%). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the esophageal wall being penetrated by fish bone, obvious symptoms, history of strong swallowing and duration of impaction ≥ 24 h were significant independent risk factors for complications (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The risk for complications in patients with the esophageal wall being penetrated by fish bone or obvious symptoms is higher. In patients who have no history of strong swallowing or receive early diagnosis and treatment, the risk of complications is lower. © 2015 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.

Yang B.S.,The First Peoples Hospital of Wenling
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2012

In order to understand the production mechanism of interferon and provide a scientific basis for preventionand clinical therapy, the expression changes of Toll-like receptor (TLR3) mRNA and the role of TLR3 in human lung epithelial cells (A549 cells) infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) were investigated in this study. RSV infected A549 cells were treated with or without specific antibodies of TLR3 and collected at the selected timepoints after RSV infection (4, 8, 12, 16 and 24h). The expressions of TLR3, IFN-alpha, IFN-beta and RSV F mRNA were evaluated by RT-PCR. It was found that RSV infection could markedly up-regulate the mRNA expression of TLR3, IFN-alpha, IFN-beta and RSV F protein in a time-dependent manner as the 24h mRNA expressions of them were 4 times, 3 times, 3 times and 0.7 times more than the basic expression, respectively. Treatment of TLR3 specific antibodies, whereas, significantly down-regulated the activation of TLR3. The mRNA expression of IFN-alpha and IFN-1beta also decreased accordingly and that of IFN-beta reduced more obviously than IFN-alpha, but that of RSV F protein rose significantly. Above data indicate that RSV infection could induce an apparent increase of antiviral genes of IFN-alpha and IFN-beta by activating TLR3 in human lung epithelial cells and the activated cells mediated Type I interferon is antiviral, which suggesting that TLR3 might play an important role in antiviral activity of RSV-infected human lung epithelial cells.

Zheng M.Y.,the First Peoples Hospital of Wenling
Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi | Year: 2010

To Investigate correlation between screening assay of human papillomavirus (HPV) and microbial pathogens in gynecology. Cervical samples were collected to search for HPV, bacteria and yeast infections in gynecologic outpatients. HPV typing was carried out by PCR and sequencing on cervical brush specimens. Chlamydia trachomatis was identified by strand displacement amplification (SDA) and the other microorganisms were detected by conventional methods. All data were analyzed to investigate the correlation among them. In this cross-sectional study, among 857 enrolled outpatients, there were 266 cases with positive HPV DNA, and the rate of infection was 31.0% (266/857). HPV genotype showed that thirty-five different HPV types were identified, of which HPV16 was the most prevalent (14.5%, 38/262), followed by HPV58 (9.2%, 24/262), HPV53 (8.0%, 21/262) and HPV42 (6.1%, 16/262); while other genotypes were present in less than 5% of HPV positive women. According to the reclassification, the aggregated percentage (high-risk and probably high-risk) of detected HPV was 58.8% (154/262), 27.9% (73/262) for low-risk and 13.4% (35/262) for unknown-risk HPV types. Among HPV positive women, cervical brush specimens results showed that more than 60% cases with normal cytology, 3.8% (10/266) with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL), 29.7% (79/266) with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) and 3.0% (8/266) with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS), respectively. Statistical analyses revealed there was a significant association between the infected HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis or Ureaplasma urealyticum (> 10,000 CCU/ml; all P < 0.01), while no correlation was found between HPV infection and bacterial vaginosis, streptococcus agalactiae, candida, Trichomonas vaginalis or Ureaplasma urealyticum (≤ 10 000 CCU/ml; all P > 0.05). Among the cases with bacterial vaginosis, the positive rate of HPV infected was 42.6%. Chlamydia trachomatis was one of the high-risk factors for the infection of HPV (OR = 2.82, 95% CI: 1.74 - 4.57). Mycoplasma hominis was isolated only in 2 cases, no patient was infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Although bacterial vaginosis was not significantly associated with HPV, it was more common among the HPV positive women. There is the significant association between HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis or Ureaplasma urealyticum which may be increase the infection of HPV. These data suggest that it may be important to screen for the simultaneous presence of different microorganisms which may have synergistic pathological effects.

Zheng M.Y.,The First Peoples Hospital of Wenling
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2010

To investigate the prevalence of transfusion-transmitted virus (TTV) and human papillomavirus (HPV) co-infection in cervical smears of patients with cervical lesions in littoral of Zhejiang province and analysis of transmitted route. Nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) was established. TTV DNA were tested by nPCR in cervical smears of 95 patients with cervical lesions and 55 healthy women, paired serum samples were available from 55 and 42 women, and their viral titer. The genotypes of 95 specimens of cervical cytology were detected with HybriMax. The phylogenetic group of TTV was determined by means of nPCR with N22 primers. The prevalence of TTV DNA in cervical smears of patients with cervical lesions and healthy women was 52.7% (29/55) and was comparable with that in paired serum sample (50%). Symptomatic women had significantly higher prevalence of TTV DNA in cervical smears (74.7%) than healthy controls (P = 0.005). The TTV DNA prevalence in patient serum samples was 51%. The phylogenetic groups of TTV serum isolates were concordant with those of TTV from cervical smears of the same subjects, and genotype was G1b. The TTV viral titer in cervical smears were 10 to 1000 times as high as in serum. The total infection rate of HPV was 98.9% in patients, and was 27.3% in healthy women. The frequently detected genotype was HPV16, 18, 33 of HSIL, and HPV6 of LSIL. The HPV positive study subjects had significantly higher TTV DNA prevalence than HPV negatives (P = 0.02). High prevalence of TTV in cervical smears suggests that sexual transmission is another mode of expansion of TTV infection among the population. The higher viral titer in cervical smears than in the respective serum samples might indicate active TTV replication in the female genital tract. Nevertheless, cooperation between TTV and HPV needs to be further investigated.

Wu Z.B.,The First Peoples Hospital of Wenling
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2010

To study the detection methods of BK virus infection in kidney transplant recipients, and to explore the clinical application. 132 cases of renal transplant recipients were undertaken BK virus detection including presence of decoy cells in urinary sediment, urine and serum BKV-DNA to demonstrate the BK virus replication. Among 132 cases of renal transplant recipients, urinary decoy cell was found in 37 (28.0%) patients and the median time was 12 months after surgery. 32 (24.2%) patients were diagnosed as BK viruria at a median of 11 months after surgery, and 16 (12.1%) recipients were diagnosed as BK viremia at a median of 15 months after surgery, 5 patients with BK viruria were diagnosed as BK virus associated nephropathy according to allograft biopsy. To make early diagnosis of BK virus infection, detection of urine decoy cells and BKV-DNA in urine and plasma sample is important,which provides an important basis for the prevention of BK virus associated nephropathy.

Hu H.,The First Peoples Hospital of Wenling | Jiang L.-L.,The First Peoples Hospital of Wenling
International Eye Science | Year: 2016

AIM: To investigate the effect and mechanism of chrysophanol for rat model with glaucoma. METHODS: The glaucoma rat models were made by cauterization of three episcleral veins. Then the glaucoma rats were divided into three groups. Group 1 was the untreated intraocular hypertension group. Group 2 was the low dose of chrysophanol group (25mg/kg). Group 3 was the high dose of chrysophanol group (50mg/kg), 15 rats in each group. The right eyes were the experiment eyes while the left were the control ones. After 6wk treatment, the mRNA and protein of protein kinase-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) and Rho kinase 1 (ROCK-1) were determined in the retina. RESULTS: The chrysophanol reduced intraocular pressure (IOP) of experiment eyes, which was significantly lower than that of control eyes (P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the p-PERK protein increased significantly in the retina of glaucoma model group and chrysophanol increased the lever of p-PERK protein. The ROCK-1 protein level increased significantly in glaucoma group, it all decreased in these treatment groups, and it decreased significantly in high dose treatment group. Detected by TR-PCR, chrysophanol also could activate the mRNA of PERK and inhibited the mRNA expression of ROCK-1 in a rat model of glaucoma. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that chrysophanol can reduce the IOP through the phosphorylation of PERK protein to regulate the PERK/ROCK signaling in glaucoma rat model. Copyright 2016 by the IJO Press.

PubMed | Fudan University and The first peoples hospital of Wenling
Type: | Journal: European journal of pharmacology | Year: 2017

Hypoxia/ reoxygenation (H/R) induced cardiomyocytes apoptosis is a major factor leading to cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of small molecule antidepressant amitriptyline (AMP) in regulating H/R-induced apoptosis in neonatal mouse cardiomyocyte in culture. Cardiomyocytes of C57BL/6J mice were treated with H/R condition in vitro. Various concentration of AMP was added into culture 2h prior to H/R conditioning. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was evaluated by TUNEL assay. AMP induced downstream signaling pathway proteins, including tropomyosin receptor kinase A receptor (TrkA), phosphor-TrkA (p-TrkA), protein kinase B (Akt) and phosphor-Akt (p-Akt) were probed by western blot. TrkA phosphorylation was then blocked by K252a to investigate whether TrkA was functionally involved in the protection of AMP in H/R-injured cardiomyocyte. We found that H/R condition induced significant cardiomyocyte death and apoptosis, whereas AMP pretreatment considerably rescued cardiomyocyte death and apoptosis. Western blot analysis showed AMP activated TrkA signaling pathway through the phosphorylation of TrkA/Akt proteins. We also found that application of K252a inhibited the phosphorylation of TrkA/Akt signaling pathway, and subsequently abolished the protective effect of AMP in H/R-induced apoptosis in cardiomyocyte. Thus, our study revealed that AMP, through the activation of TrkA/Akt signaling pathway, plays a protective role in regulating H/R-induced apoptosis in cardiomyocyte.

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