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Shen H.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention | Shen H.,Nanjing Medical University | Dou J.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention | Han L.,Nanjing Medical University | And 11 more authors.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health | Year: 2016

Objective: To investigate whether the apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1) 1349 T>G and -656 T>G polymorphisms were associated with the risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in a Chinese population. Methods: The two APE1 polymorphisms were analyzed among 613 NIHL workers and 613 normal hearing workers using the minor groove binder TaqMan probe assay. Results: We found that the APE1 -656 TT genotype was associated with a increased risk of NIHL [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.46, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.05–2.06]. This increased risk was more pronounced in the stratification analysis. Furthermore, we found that subjects with two risk genotypes (hOGG1 Cys/Cys, APE1 -656 TT) had a significantly increased risk of NIHL (adjusted OR 1.91, 95 % CI 1.27–2.88). Conclusion: Our study identified that the APE1 -656 T>G polymorphism may contribute to the susceptibility of NIHL. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Tong Z.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention | Shen H.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention | Shen H.,Nanjing Medical University | Yang D.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health | Year: 2016

Acute or long-term exposure to N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) can induce abnormal liver function. It is well known that DMF is mainly metabolized in the liver and thereby produces reactive oxygen species (ROS). The base excision repair (BER) pathway is regarded as a very important pathway involved in repairing ROS-induced DNA damage. Several studies have explored the associations between GSTM1, GSTT1, CYP2E1 polymorphisms and DMF-induced abnormal liver function; however, little is known about how common hOGG1, XRCC1 and APE1 polymorphisms and DMF induce abnormal liver function. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the polymorphisms in the hOGG1 (rs159153 and rs2072668), XRCC1 (rs25487, rs25489, and rs1799782), APE1 (rs1130409 and 1760944) genes in the human BER pathway were associated with the susceptibility to DMF-induced abnormal liver function in a Chinese population. These polymorphisms were genotyped in 123 workers with DMF-induced abnormal liver function and 123 workers with normal liver function. We found that workers with the APE1 rs1760944 TG/GG genotypes had a reduced risk of abnormal liver function, which was more pronounced in the subgroups that were exposed to DMF for <10 years, exposed to ≥10 mg/m3 DMF, never smoked and never drank. In summary, our study supported the hypothesis that the APE1 rs1760944 T > G polymorphism may be associated with DMF-induced abnormal liver function in the Chinese Han population. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Yao Y.L.,The First Peoples Hospital of Kunshan
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2010

To explore the levels of circulating HBV specific CD8+ T cells in hepatitis B patients and analysis its clinical significance. HBV specific CD8+ T cells in whole blood samples of twenty-five acute hepatitis B patients, thirty-five chronic hepatitis B patients and ten healthy control were stained with pentamers complex of HLA-A2 and HBV core 18-27 peptide and counted by flow cytometry. The medians of HBV core 18-27 specific CD8+ T cells quantities among total CD8+ cells were 2.93% (1.12% -0.63%) in 12 HLA-A2+ acute hepatitis B patients and 0.75% (< 0.01% - 1.76%) in 16 HLA-A2+ chronic hepatitis B patients respectively. There was showed a marked significant between the two groups (P < 0.01). The medians of HBV core 18-27 specific CD8+ T cells of 10 HLA-A2+ healthy control, 13 HLA-A2- acute hepatitis B patients and 19 HLA-A2- chronic hepatitis B patients were all lower than 0.02% separately. HLA-peptides pentamers staining flow cytometry is a direct ex vivo method to detect the levels of circulating HBV specific CD8+ T cells which may be play a crucial role in complete clearance of HBV and relates to clinical consequence in hepatitis B patients.

Qiu G.,Suzhou University | Xie X.,Suzhou University | Wang Z.,Suzhou University | Zeng M.,The First Peoples Hospital of Kunshan | And 5 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2014

The present study examined the effects of simvastatin on the proliferation, apoptosis and gene expression levels involved in the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway in the human acute promyelocytic leukemia NB4 cell line by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay, flow cytometry and the Human NF-κB Signaling Pathway RT2 Profiler™ PCR Array profiles. The results showed that simvastatin significantly inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of the NB4 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Changes were noted in the expression levels of 56 genes involved in the NF-κB signaling pathways in the NB4 cells treated with 15 μm simvastatin at 48 h post-incubation, among which, 47 genes were downregulated and 9 were upregulated. In conclusion, simvastatin potentially inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of NB4 cells through the regulation of the expression levels of genes involved in the NF-κB signaling pathway.

Liu J.,Nanjing Medical University | Bian L.,Nanjing Medical University | Ji L.,Nanjing Medical University | Chen Y.,Nanjing Medical University | And 68 more authors.
Science China Life Sciences | Year: 2016

Type 1 diabetes mellitus is heterogeneous in many facets. The patients suffered from type 1 diabetes present several levels of islet function as well as variable number and type of islet-specific autoantibodies. This study was to investigate prevalence and heterogeneity of the islet autoantibodies and clinical phenotypes of type 1 diabetes mellitus; and also discussed the process of islet failure and its risk factors in Chinese type 1 diabetic patients. A total of 1,291 type 1 diabetic patients were enrolled in this study. Demographic information was collected. Laboratory tests including mixed-meal tolerance test, human leukocyte antigen alleles, hemoglobinA1c, lipids, thyroid function and islet autoantibodies were conducted. The frequency of islet-specific autoantibody in newly diagnosed T1DM patients (duration shorter than half year) was 73% in East China. According to binary logistic regressions, autoantibody positivity, longer duration and lower Body Mass Index were the risk factors of islet failure. As the disease developed, autoantibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase declined as well as the other two autoantibodies against zinc transporter 8 and islet antigen 2. The decrease of autoantibodies was positively correlated with aggressive beta cell destruction. Autoantibodies can facilitate the identification of classic T1DM from other subtypes and predict the progression of islet failure. As there were obvious heterogeneity in autoantibodies and clinical manifestation in different phenotypes of the disease, we should take more factors into consideration when identifying type 1 diabetes mellitus. © 2016 Science in China Press

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