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Kong D.,Harbin Medical University | Wu D.,Harbin Medical University | Wang T.,Harbin Medical University | Li T.,The First Hospital of Qiqihaer City | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2013

Objectives: Glomerulonephritis is an important extrahepatic manifestation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. HBV and HCV infection may be occult, and they are often overlooked by both patients and doctors. The aim of this study was to assess the importance of HBV and HCV infection in glomerulonephritis patients with undetectable HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) and HCV antibody in serum. Methods: The HBsAg, the HBV core antigen (HBcAg), and the HCV antigen were detected using immunohistochemistry in frozen renal tissues of 500 glomerulonephritis patients without serological evidence of HBV and HCV infection. Electron microscopy was used to trace the virus particles, and clinicopathological features were also reviewed. Results: HBsAg or HBcAg was positive in nine out of 500 cases (9/500, 1.8%). Three cases were HBsAg-positive and another six cases were HBcAg-positive. The HCV antigen was found in eight cases (8/500, 1.6%). There was one case of HBV and HCV co-infection (1/500, 0.2%). Under electron microscopy, virus particles were found in the base membrane and cytoplasm of endotheliocytes in the glomerulus. The most common clinical manifestation was nephrotic syndrome (9/18), followed by nephritic syndrome (7/18). Membranous nephropathy was the most common pathological diagnosis (5/18), followed by mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (4/18) and IgA nephropathy (4/18). Conclusions: Occult HBV and HCV infection might be implicated in HBV- or HCV-associated glomerulonephritis. More attention should be focused on the underlying cause. © 2013 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Source

Li X.-H.,China Medical University at Heping | Hou X.-Y.,The First Hospital of Qiqihaer City | Chen R.,China Medical University at Heping
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) can cause vitamin B12 or D deficiency in children with intractable epilepsy. In this study, we measured salivary superoxide dismutase (SOD) and metalloproteinsases (MMP) levels in the patients with vitamin B12 and vitamin D treatment. Cytokines and chemokines were measured using ELISA. The mean salivary value of SOD activity in the control group was 1.75 ± 0.21 U/ml. In the treatment group, the value was 1.33 ± 0.18 U/ml. The salivary MMP 2, MMP 3, and MMP 9 levels of the patients with vitamin D and vitamin B12 treatment were lower than that in the patients without vitamin D and vitamin B12 treatment. Interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-6, IL-8, macrophage inflammatory protein 1β (MIP-1β), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and IFN-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) were significantly decreased in the cortex of our patients with vitamin D and vitamin B12 treatment. In this study, a clear association between vitamin D and vitamin B12 treatment and epilepsy was identified. We now plan to investigate the genetic factors that underlie vitamin D and vitamin B12 treatment in patients treated with AEDs. © 2015 Int J Clin Exp Med. All Rights Reserved. Source

Jiao Y.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | Jiao Y.,Mudanjiang Medical College | Chen H.,The First Hospital of Qiqihaer City | Yan J.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2013

Vitamin C (VC) is well known as an antioxidant in humans, primates and guinea pigs. Studies have suggested gender differences in VC requirements in humans, and gender differences in oxidant injury vulnerability in early life may represent a biological mechanism contributing to gender disparity in later life. Using spontaneous bone fracture (sfx) mice, which lack the gene for L-Gulonolactone oxidase (Gulo), we studied the potential sex difference in expression profiles of oxidative genes at the whole-genome level. Then, we analyzed data of gene expressions in a mouse population of recombinant inbred (RI) strains originally derived by crossing C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) mice. Our data indicated that there were sex differences in the regulation of pre- and pro-oxidative genes in sfx mice. The associations of expression levels among Gulo, its partner genes and oxidative genes in the BXD (B6 × D2) RI strains showed a sex difference. Transcriptome mapping suggests that Gulo was regulated differently between female and male mice in BXD RI strains. Our study indicates the importance of investigating sex differences in Gulo and its oxidative function by using available mouse models. © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Shan M.,Harbin Medical University | Su Y.,Harbin Medical University | Kang W.,General Hospital of Hei Longjiang Province Land Reclamation Headquarter | Gao R.,The First Hospital of Qiqihaer City | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2016

Protocadherins (PCDHs) are a group of transmembrane proteins belonging to the cadherin superfamily and are subdivided into “clustered” and “non-clustered” groups. PCDHs vary in both structure and interaction partners and thus regulate multiple biological responses in complex and versatile patterns. Previous researches showed that PCDHs regulated the development of brain and were involved in some neuronal diseases. Recently, studies have revealed aberrant expression of PCDHs in various human malignant tumors. The down-regulation or absence of PCDHs in malignant cells has been associated with cancer progression. Further researches suggest that PCDHs may play major functions as tumor suppressor by inhibiting the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells. In this review, we focus on the altered expression of PCDHs and their roles in the development of cancer progression. We also discuss the potential mechanisms, by which PCDHs are aberrantly expressed, and its implications in regulating cancers. © 2016 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) Source

Li C.,Jinan Maternity and Child Care Hospital | Dong J.,Linyi Peoples Hospital | Tian J.,The First Hospital of Qiqihaer City | Deng Z.,Shandong Academy of Sciences | Song X.,The First Hospital of Qiqihaer City
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2016

Morinda officinalis is a famous traditional Chinese medicine containing iridoid glycoside compounds, such as monotropein and deacetylasperulosidic acid. The aim of the study was to develop a novel and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method for the simultaneous determination of the two isomeric iridoid glycosides and then evaluate their pharmacokinetic properties in rats. Selected-reaction monitoring mode was employed for quantification of two analytes in rat plasma. The calibration curves were linear over their respective concentration range with correlation coefficient >0.995 for both analytes. Precision for monotropein and deacetylasperulosidic acid ranged from 2.5 to 11.9% relative standard deviation, and the accuracy of two analytes was -2.0-3.7 and -6.4-10.7% relative error, respectively. This method was successfully applied in pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of M. officinalis extract in rats. The results provided a basis for further research on the bioactivity of M. officinalis. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

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