The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College

Jinzhou, China

The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College

Jinzhou, China
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Li C.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Liu D.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Zhang Z.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Xu N.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2013

To investigate the functions of triple point-mutants of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) in angiogenesis in bone defect regions under normoxic conditions. 1. Triple point-mutations (in amino acids 402, 564, and 803) in the HIF1α coding sequence (CDS) were induced by polymerase chain reaction. The triple mutant HIF1α (402/564/803) was inserted into the adenovirus pAdEasy-1 system for complete viral packaging and titer measurements. 2. For the in vitro experiment, rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were divided into four experimental groups. The efficiency of infection was observed by the expression of human renilla reniformis green fluorescent protein (hrGFP). The HIF1α mRNA, protein and VEGF protein expression levels in infected cells in each experimental group were measured. 3. As in the in vivo experiment, the MSCs were divided into four groups and infected with the viral solutions from each complementary in vitro group and cultured under normoxic conditions. The MSCs were used as seed cells and transplanted into an apatite-wollastonite magnetic bioactive glass-ceramic (AW MGC) vector to construct artificial tissue-engineering scaffolds that were then implanted into the in vivo rabbit radial bone defect model. The animals from each group were killed 8 weeks after the surgery, and the tissues from the implantation region were harvested for the evaluation of the angiogenesis. 1. The 402,564, and 803 amino acids in CDS area were point mutated into alanine; three types of recombinant adenovirus were successfully constructed, packaged, and characterized. 2. The expression levels of HIF1α mRNA in A and B groups were significantly higher than those in the C and D groups (P < 0.05). The HIF1α and VEGF protein expression levels in A group were significantly higher than those in the other three groups (P < 0.05). 3. There was prominent angiogenesis in bone defect regions in group A animals. 1. Triple point-mutants of HIF1α efficiently expressed functional proteins under normoxic conditions. 2. Triple point-mutants HIF1α effectively promoted in vivo angiogenesis in bone defect regions. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Xiao X.-Y.,the First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Wang X.-D.,the First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Zang D.-Y.,the Third Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
Tumor Biology | Year: 2012

Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) plays an important role in the breakdown of extracellular matrix and mediates pathways of apoptosis, angiogenesis, and immunity. It has been demonstrated that MMP-1 overexpression is associated with tumor initiation, invasion, and metastasis. Many studies have investigated the association between MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism and lung cancer risk, but the impact of MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism on lung cancer is unclear owing to the obvious inconsistence among those studies. This study aimed to quantify the strength of the association between MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism and lung cancer risk. We searched the PubMed, Embase, and Wanfang databases for studies on the association between MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism and risk of lung cancer. We estimated summary odds ratio (OR) with its corresponding 95 % confidence interval (95%CI) to assess the association. Overall, MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism was associated with increased risk of lung cancer under four genetic models (OR 2G versus 1G = 1.21, 95 %CI 1.06-1.37; OR 2G2G versus 1G1G = 1.36, 95%CI 1.09-1.70; OR 2G2G versus 2G1G+1G1G = 1.33, 95 %CI 1.10-1.61; and OR 2G2G+2G1G versus 1G1G = 1.15, 95 %CI 1.04-1.27). Meta-analyses of studies with high quality showed that MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism was still associated with lung cancer risk under those four genetic models. Subgroup analyses by ethnicity and sensitivity analyses further identified the significant association in East Asians. No evidence of publication bias was observed. Meta-analyses of available data show a significant association between MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism and lung cancer risk. © 2012 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).


Mao D.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Zhang Y.,The Third Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Lu H.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Zhang H.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

Neovascularization plays a substantial role in the invasiveness and metastasis of gastric cancer. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the control of neovascularization of gastric cancer remains undefined. Both vascular endothelial growth factor a (VEGFa) and matrix metalloproteinases 2 (MMP2) are essential for neovascularization by promoting endothelial mitogenesis and permeability and by promoting extracellular matrix degradation, respectively. Therefore, we were prompted to examine whether VEGFa and MMP2 may affect expression of each other to coordinate the neovascularization process. We found strong positive correlation of VEGFa and MMP2 levels in the gastric patients. Moreover, patients with metastasis of the original cancer had significantly higher levels of VEGFa and MMP2. Thus, we used a human gastric cancer cell line, SNU-5, to examine whether expression of VEGFa and MMP2 may affect each other. We found that overexpression of VEGFa in SNU-5 cells increased expression of MMP2, while inhibition of VEGFa in SNU-5 cells decreased expression of MMP2. On the other hand, overexpression of MMP2 in SNU-5 cells increased expression of VEGFa, while inhibition of MMP2 in SNU-5 cells decreased expression of VEGFa. These data suggest that expression of VEGFa and MMP2 may activate each other to reinforce a promoting effect on neovascularization. We then analyzed how VEGFa expression affects MMP2 level. Application of a specific Akt inhibitor to VEGFa-overexpressing SNU-5 cells substantially abolished the effect of VEGFa on MMP2 activation, suggesting that VEGFa may increase expression of MMP2 via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Since anti-VEGFa is a well-established therapy for many cancers, our data suggest that anti-VEGFa may not only inhibit neovascularization by prohibiting VEGFa-dependent endothelial mitogenesis and permeability increase but also by downregulating MMP2 to abolish the extracellular matrix degradation in gastric cancer. © 2014, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).


Yang L.M.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Li X.H.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Bao C.F.,Liaoning Medical University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2012

Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone malignancy in children and adolescents, and its clinical outcome is poor. We evaluated the response of GSTP1, ERCC1 and ERCC2 to chemotherapy among osteosarcoma patients, and the role of these genes on the prognosis of osteosarcoma. 187 patients with osteosarcoma were administered with methotrexate, cisplatin/adriamycin, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide, or vincristine treatment. GSTP1, ERCC1 and ERCC2 polymorphism was genotyped by PCR-RFLP assay. The results showed the average survival time of 187 patients were 38.4 months. 97 patients showed response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The GSTP1 Val and ERCC2 A/A genotypes had significantly higher rates of response to chemotherapy, with adjusted OR (95% CI) of 2.19 (1.15-6.21) and 2.88 (1.14-13.25). Individuals with ERCC2 A/A genotype were likely to have a lower risk of death from oseosarcoma, and the adjusted HR was 0.32 (0.13-0.95). Our study indicated test of GSTP1 and ERCC2 Lys751Gln polymorphisms might be a candidate pharmacogenomic factors to be explored in the future to identify the osteosarcoma patients who might benefit from chemotherapy.


Xiao X.Y.,the First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2012

Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) plays an important role in the breakdown of extracellular matrix and mediates pathways of apoptosis, angiogenesis, and immunity. It has been demonstrated that MMP-1 overexpression is associated with tumor initiation, invasion, and metastasis. Many studies have investigated the association between MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism and lung cancer risk, but the impact of MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism on lung cancer is unclear owing to the obvious inconsistence among those studies. This study aimed to quantify the strength of the association between MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism and lung cancer risk. We searched the PubMed, Embase, and Wanfang databases for studies on the association between MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism and risk of lung cancer. We estimated summary odds ratio (OR) with its corresponding 95 % confidence interval (95%CI) to assess the association. Overall, MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism was associated with increased risk of lung cancer under four genetic models (OR(2G versus 1G) = 1.21, 95 %CI 1.06-1.37; OR(2G2G versus 1G1G) = 1.36, 95%CI 1.09-1.70; OR(2G2G versus 2G1G+1G1G) = 1.33, 95 %CI 1.10-1.61; and OR(2G2G+2G1G versus 1G1G) = 1.15, 95 %CI 1.04-1.27). Meta-analyses of studies with high quality showed that MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism was still associated with lung cancer risk under those four genetic models. Subgroup analyses by ethnicity and sensitivity analyses further identified the significant association in East Asians. No evidence of publication bias was observed. Meta-analyses of available data show a significant association between MMP1-1607 1G/2G polymorphism and lung cancer risk.


Jin X.Q.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines | Year: 2013

This study investigated the occurrence and characteristics of adverse drug reactions (ADR) in our hospital and provide references for clinical rational drug use. We collected the 85 case reports of adverse drug reactions in our hospital in 2010 and made retrospective statistical analysis on them. The varieties of anti-infective drugs used are the most used. It also had the highest proportion of adverse drug reactions; the common symptom of adverse drug reactions is skin and accessory damage. Adverse drug reactions are affected by many factors, and relevant departments should strengthen ADR monitoring, to reduce or avoid the occurrence of adverse drug reactions.


Wang X.,the First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery | Year: 2010

The efficiency of antitumor immunity induced by dendritic cells (DCs) transfected with total RNA of laryngeal carcinoma cells was explored. DCs, induced from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, were transfected with total RNA of laryngeal carcinoma cells. The specific antitumor immunity of cytotoxic T Lymphocytes (CTLs) that were actived by RNA-transfected DCs were detected by MTT methods in vitro. In vivo, antitumor-specific CTLs were subcutaneously injected into the nude mice previously. After 7 days, the laryngeal carcinoma cells were seeded and the tumor occurrence rate was observed. Tumor-loaded nude mice were treated by specific CTLs once (the treated group) or twice (the retreated group). The growth of the implanted tumor was observed too. DCs that transfected with tumor RNA can significantly active CTLs which induced antitumor-specific immune response against laryngeal carcinoma in vitro. In vivo, the tumor occurrence rate of the treatment group was predominantly reduced compared with that of the control (P < 0.01). The implanted tumor size of the treated and retreated groups were both significantly reduced (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) compared with the control too, especially the retreated ones (P < 0.05). The tumor RNA loaded DCs can significantly active CTLs and the antitumor specific CTLs can both induce antitumor specific immune response against laryngeal carcinoma in vitro and inhibit the growth of the implanted tumor in vivo.


Shang Y.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology | Year: 2011

To investigate the effect of penehyclidine hydrochloride on glutamate (Glu)release and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)1 expression in hippocampus CA1 with global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion rats. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly allocated into three groups; group A received sham operation; group B received ischemia/reperfusion; group C received penehyclidine hydrochloride treatment (2 mg/kg) before ischemia/reperfusion (n=20). Global cerebral ischemia was induced according to Pulsinelli-Brierley method. All animals were divided into two experiments: (I) Microdialysis plus HPLC/FD were used to detect Glu level after reperfusion 1 h, 3 h, 6 h. (II) After reperfusion 3 h, the animals were decapitated on ice and the brains were immediately removed to detect NMDAR1 expression in CA1 area by immunohistochemistry. After penehyclidine hydrochloride treatment, extracellular Glu level in CA1 were significantly decreased compared with those of control group (P < 0.05 or 0.01); Total integrated OD, average gray value and positive-cell area of NMDAR1 in CA1 were also significantly decreased compared with those of control group (P < 0.05 or 0.01). Penehyclidine hydrochloride might has protective effect in hippocampus CA1 on global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion animals. The protective mechanism might be involved in inhibiting Glu release and NMDAR1 expression.


Sui R.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Zhang L.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
Medical Hypotheses | Year: 2012

The cerebellum has traditionally been seen as a brain area limited to the coordination of voluntary movement, gait, posture, speech, and motor functions. There are increasing evidence, however, proving that the cerebellum is implicated in processes associated with the control of cognition, behavior, and psychiatric illness. Furthermore, the fact that the cerebellum is reciprocally connected to a broad range of limbic structures including the amygdale and hippocampus, as well as the cerebral cortex including the prefrontal areas, provides a strong neuroanatomical argument in favor of cerebellar involvement in cognition regulation. Studies have already found the fact that after stroke, the cerebellum suffered from reduction in metabolism and blood flow in the cerebellar hemisphere contralateral to a destructive cerebral lesion. The notion of crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) may contribute to the explanation of the phenomenon. Consequently, theoretically, stroke in any part of the brain including frontal lobe and hippocampus, will affect cerebellar function and the later then results in vascular dementia (VD). More recently, a few clinical trials found that electrical stimulation of fastigial nucleus (FNS) in cerebellum could improve symptom of VD, though the relationship between cerebellum and VD is unclear. Taken together, there seems to be sufficient empirical ground to assume that the cerebellum plays a role in the regulation of VD. The hypotheses of cerebellar role in VD, which will be discussed in this paper, if confirmed, may lead to the formulation of new pathogenesis and new therapeutic approaches to VD. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Xu J.-S.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College | Wang H.-W.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical College
International Eye Science | Year: 2013

Amblyopia has been defined as a unilateral or bilateral decrease of best corrected visual acuity caused by unusual experience of visual, including unilateral strabismus, anisometropia, ametropia and form deprivation, which can not be detected by physical examination of the eye. The treatment of amblyopia in children has been a hot issue in ophthalmology. Although there is a progress in the research and there are varieties of methods in recent years, the best therapeutic schedule is still being discussed. For this, we reference the latest documentations to make a review in the treatment schedule of amblyopia in children and the problem existing in the schedules.

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