Gao Z.Y.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Xi Medical University |
Gao Z.Y.,International Medical University |
Li X.Y.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Xi Medical University |
Li X.Y.,The Peoples Hospital Of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region |
And 5 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening syndrome involving a final common pathway of hypercytokinemia, in which tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, and soluble interleukin 2-receptor-alpha (sIL-2Rα) are the key cytokines. Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) is an inflammatory cytokine involved in several inflammatory diseases. However, its role in HLH is unknown. In this study, we examined the role of PBEF in HLH. Plasma was collected from 22 children with HLH and 14 healthy children. The concentrations of plasma PBEF, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and sIL2Rα were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. All clinical data were derived from medical records. In the acute phase, children with HLH had much higher PBEF, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and sIL2Rα levels than did healthy children (P < 0.05). After treatment, 13 HLH children improved and PBEF, TNF-α, and IFN-γ levels decreased to normal levels (P < 0.05); sIL-2Rα levels also decreased (P < 0.05), but remained above the normal level (P < 0.05). Two patients were lost to follow-up, while 7 patients showed a bad response to therapy and eventually died, showing high PBEF levels above those of the survivors (P < 0.01). PBEF level was significantly positively correlated with TNF-α, IFN-γ, sIL-2Rα, serum ferritin, and triglycerides (all P < 0.05), and was negatively correlated with fibrin (P < 0.05). PBEF appears to be involved in the inflammatory process of HLH, and elevated PBEF is related to disease activity. We are currently evaluating the role of PBEF as a marker for the diagnosis and management of patients. © FUNPEC-RP.
Zhou T.-B.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Xi Medical University |
Qin Y.-H.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Xi Medical University |
Li Z.-Y.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Xi Medical University |
Xu H.-L.,The First Affiliated Hospital of Guang Xi Medical University |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2012
This study was performed to investigate the association of prohibitin with renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) lesion and to explore the association of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) treatment with prohibitin expression in RIF rats. Rats were divided into three groups: the sham operation group (SHO), the model group subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), and the model group treated with ATRA (GA). Renal tissues were collected at 14 and 28 days after surgery, and the relevant indicators were detected. In comparison with the SHO group, the RIF index in the UUO group was markedly elevated (p < 0.01), and the RIF index in the GA group was alleviated compared with that in the UUO group (p < 0.01). Compared with the SHO group, the expression of prohibitin (protein or mRNA) in the UUO group was significantly reduced (each p < 0.01). Prohibitin expression in the GA group was markedly increased when compared with that in the UUO (p < 0.01). The expression of TGF-β1 (protein and mRNA), protein expressions of Col-IV, fibronectin, α-SMA and cleaved Caspase-3, ROS generation and cell apoptosis index in the UUO group were markedly higher than those in the SHO group (all p < 0.01), and their expressions in the GA group were markedly down-regulated compared to those in the UUO group (all p < 0.01, respectively). The protein expression of prohibitin was negatively correlated with the RIF index, protein expression of TGF-β1, Col-IV, fibronectin, α-SMA or cleaved Caspase-3, ROS generation and the cell apoptosis index (each p < 0.01). In conclusion, lower expression of prohibitin is associated with the RIF, and ATRA treatment is associated with increased prohibitin, which can prevent the progression of RIF. © 2012 by the authors.