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Lavo J.P.,Louisiana State University | Ludlow D.,Louisiana State University | Morgan M.,The Feist Weiller Cancer Center | Caldito G.,Louisiana State University | Nathan C.-A.,Louisiana State University
Acta Oto-Laryngologica | Year: 2016

Conclusions: The two scales reliably measure laryngeal edema and dysfunction in laryngeal cancer patients. The eight categories from these scales, and abnormal pharyngeal squeeze, can be used to form a new rating scale intended to help clinicians identify and circumvent swallowing complications after chemo-irradiation. Objectives: The objectives were to compare two laryngeal edema rating scales in laryngeal cancer patients and determine if post-radiation +/− chemotherapy edema predicts dependence on a feeding tube and/or tracheostomy. Methods: A retrospective chart review between 2005–2008 revealed 28 laryngeal cancer patients status post-radiation +/− chemotherapy, with video laryngoscopies performed within 6 months after treatment. Four raters evaluated videos based on the Laryngopharyngeal Edema Scale (LES) and the Reflux Finding Score (RFS). Tracheostomy and feeding tube outcomes were then correlated with the two scales. Results: Feeding tube and tracheostomy dependence were associated with pre-treatment vocal cord paralysis, advanced T stage, and chemoradiation. Eight categories from the LES and RFS scales were significantly associated with the need for a feeding tube. © 2016 Acta Oto-Laryngologica AB (Ltd)

Williams B.J.,The Feist Weiller Cancer Center | Bhatia S.,The Feist Weiller Cancer Center | Adams L.K.,The Feist Weiller Cancer Center | Boling S.,The Feist Weiller Cancer Center | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Human prostate tumor vaccine and gene therapy trials using ex vivo methods to prime dendritic cells (DCs) with prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) have been somewhat successful, but to date the lengthy ex vivo manipulation of DCs has limited the widespread clinical utility of this approach. Our goal was to improve upon cancer vaccination with tumor antigens by delivering PSMA via a CD40-targeted adenovirus vector directly to DCs as an efficient means for activation and antigen presentation to T-cells. To test this approach, we developed a mouse model of prostate cancer by generating clonal derivatives of the mouse RM-1 prostate cancer cell line expressing human PSMA (RM-1-PSMA cells). To maximize antigen presentation in target cells, both MHC class I and TAP protein expression was induced in RM-1 cells by transduction with an Ad vector expressing interferon-gamma (Ad5-IFNγ). Administering DCs infected ex vivo with CD40-targeted Ad5-huPSMA, as well as direct intraperitoneal injection of the vector, resulted in high levels of tumor-specific CTL responses against RM-1-PSMA cells pretreated with Ad5-IFNγ as target cells. CD40 targeting significantly improved the therapeutic antitumor efficacy of Ad5-huPSMA encoding PSMA when combined with Ad5-IFNγ in the RM-1-PSMA model. These results suggest that a CD-targeted adenovirus delivering PSMA may be effective clinically for prostate cancer immunotherapy. © 2012 Williams et al.

Coburn M.A.,Health science Center | Coburn M.A.,The Feist Weiller Cancer Center | Brueggemann S.,University of Cologne | Bhatia S.,Health science Center | And 18 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2011

Clearly new breast cancer models are necessary in developing novel therapies. To address this challenge, we examined mammary tumor formation in the Syrian hamster using the chemical carcinogen N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). A single 50 mg/kg intraperitoneal dose of MNU resulted in a 60% incidence of premalignant mammary lesions, and a 20% incidence of mammary adenocarcinomas. Two cell lines, HMAM4A and HMAM4B, were derived from one of the primary mammary tumors induced by MNU. The morphology of the primary tumor was similar to a high-grade poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in human breast cancer. The primary tumor stained positively for both HER-2/neu and pancytokeratin, and negatively for both cytokeratin 5/6 and p63. When the HMAM4B cell line was implanted subcutaneously into syngeneic female hamsters, tumors grew at a take rate of 50%. A tumor derived from HMAM4B cells implanted into a syngeneic hamster was further propagated in vitro as a stable cell line HMAM5. The HMAM5 cells grew in female syngeneic hamsters with a 70% take rate of tumor formation. These cells proliferate in vitro, form colonies in soft agar, and are aneuploid with a modal chromosomal number of 74 (the normal chromosome number for Syrian hamster is 44). To determine responsiveness to the estrogen receptor (ER), a cell proliferation assay was examined using increasing concentrations of tamoxifen. Both HMAM5 and human MCF-7 (ER positive) cells showed a similar decrease at 24 h. However, MDA-MB-231 (ER negative) cells were relatively insensitive to any decrease in proliferation from tamoxifen treatment. These results suggest that the HMAM5 cell line was likely derived from a luminal B subtype of mammary tumor. These results also represent characterization of the first mammary tumor cell line available from the Syrian hamster. The HMAM5 cell line is likely to be useful as an immunocompetent model for human breast cancer in developing novel therapies. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

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