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Ozaslan A.,Istanbul University | Karadayi B.,Istanbul University | Kolusayin M.O.,Istanbul University | Kaya A.,Istanbul University | Afsin H.,The Council of Forensic Medicine
Romanian Journal of Legal Medicine | Year: 2012

Stature estimation is a commonly used parameter in identification searched by medico-legal experts and forensic anthropologists. To estimate stature; measurements of hand length (HL), hand breadth (HB), wrist breath (WB), foot length (FL), foot breadth (FB) and ankle breadth (AB) were used in this study. It was aimed to predict most useful variables and to perform formulas originated from those variables significantly correlated to stature. Measurements were obtained from 356 volunteers. The best correlation value among 6 searched variables were detected in foot dimensions as FL variable for males r=0.696 and for females r=0.496 and in hand dimensions as HL variable for males r=0.578 and for females r=0.309, respectively. The least estimation error in stature prediction was achieved with using all variables in defined regression equations. Lengths measurements belong to hand and foot dimensions were more useful parameters than breadth measurements of those in stature estimation. © 2012 Romanian Society of Legal Medicine.

Bostan H.,The Council of Forensic Medicine | Tomak Y.,Sakarya University | Karaoglu S.A.,Recep Tayyip Erdogan University | Erdivanli B.,Recep Tayyip Erdogan University | Hanci V.,Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University
Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia | Year: 2014

Background: Drugs administered as intravenous infusion may be contaminated during several stages of production or preparation. However studies focusing on antibacterial effects of vasopressor drugs are very rare. This study investigates the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the clinically used forms of vasopressors. Materials and methods: In vitro antimicrobial activities of vasopressor drugs of different concentrations were investigated by using the micro dilution technique. Microorganisms used in the test were Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis ATCC 911, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 10145, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 43251, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Bacillus cereus 702 Roma, Mycobacterium smegmatis ATCC607, Candida albicans ATCC 60193, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae RSKK 251. Antibacterial assays were performed in Mueller-Hinton broth at pH 7.3 and antifungal assays were performed in buffered Yeast Nitrogen Base at pH 7.0. Results: Two different dopamine preparations showed antimicrobial activity. No other study drug showed any antimicrobial activity. Conclusions: In our opinion, dopamine's antibacterial effects may be advantageous for inhibiting the spread of bacterial contamination during the preparation of the infusion solutions. However, it is important that strict guidelines regarding the need for sterile equipment and deliverables be adhered to during all procedures performed in the intensive care units. © 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia.

Ozer E.,Gaziosmanpasa University | Yilmaz R.,Bulent Ecevit University | Evcuman D.,The Council of Forensic Medicine | Yildirim A.,Gaziosmanpasa University | And 3 more authors.
Medical Science Monitor | Year: 2014

Background: In this study, our aim was to evaluate the fatal occupational accidents that occurred in Zonguldak coal mines between the years 2005-2008. Material/Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 42 fatal coal mine occupational accidents in Zonguldak (Turkey) between the years 2005-2008. The forensic records of autopsies referred to the chief prosecutors' office during 2005-2008 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 42 cases. The cases were evaluated with respect to age, mechanism of injury, body region of wound, cause of death, and legality of the mine. Results: Ages of the deceased ranged between 17 and 52 (median: 32.9 yrs). Deaths were mostly in the 21-30 (35.8%), and 31-40 (30.9%) age groups. Only 1 case was younger than 18 years of age. Review of occupational fatalities has revealed that fatal accidents occurred mostly (76.2%) in the private, and fewer (23.8%) in the public mining enterprises. Crime scene investigation findings have demonstrated that of all occupational deaths (total n=42), 27 (64.3%) were due to subsidence, followed by methane gas poisoning (n=6, 14.2%), tram crash (n=3, 7.1%), log falls (n=2, 4.8%), electrocution (n=2, 4.8%), and methane explosion (n=2, 4.8%). Conclusions: Despite laws and regulations concerning mining and because of problems in their implementation, Turkey leads the world in work-related accidents, occupational injuries, and deaths. Evaluation of autopsy findings of deaths in fatal occupational accidents occurring in coal mines is quite important in planning to decrease rates of occupational fatalities. © Med Sci Monit.

Yilmaz R.,Bulent Ecevit University | Yilmaz E.,The Council of Forensic Medicine | Ozdemir V.,The Council of Forensic Medicine | Can M.,Balikesir University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2015

Yellow phosphorus (YP) is a powerful protoplasmic poison used in the manufacturing of matches, pest poisons, firecrackers, firework cracker, lights for watches, military ammunition, and agriculture fertilizer. YP is extremely flammable and toxic and easily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we examined childhood deaths from 1997 to 2012 resulting from the ingestion of firecrackers. The patients ranged from 2 to 15 years of age and were admitted to the hospital with a variety of symptoms. Those that presented with nausea, vomiting, and hypotension rapidly deteriorated and entered a coma. An autopsy was performed in all but one of the 16 cases reviewed. Macroscopically, the livers had a yellowish discoloration with petechial bleeding. Histopathologic examination revealed acute toxic hepatitis. In conclusion, these firecrackers are found in corner shops throughout Turkey, may cause death in children with little warning, and should be banned to prevent further deaths. © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

Melez I.E.,Bezmialem Foundation University | Avsar A.,Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University | Baspinar B.,The Council of Forensic Medicine | Melez D.O.,The Council of Forensic Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2014

Homicide-suicide is a tragic phenomenon which typically does not result in a criminal charge or trial. However, correct diagnosis and classification of homicide-suicide cases are important to determine the perpetrators and dynamics of each category properly. The deaths in the homicide-suicide acts can be divided into two categories with respect to the number of involved individuals: dyadic deaths and triple or multiple deaths. These two categories can also be divided into two subgroups according to the chronology of the incidents: simultaneous deaths and consecutive deaths. Herein, a simultaneous homicide-suicide case of a father and daughter where both deaths occurred through drowning which was not found in the selected literature review and where the victim was a child is presented. The article aims to clarify the term discrepancies about multiple death cases in the literature and to discuss the pathological and psychosocial characteristics of the simultaneous dyadic death cases. © 2014 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

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