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Zhang S.,Soochow University of China | Hao J.,Shanghai University | Xie F.,Fudan University | Hu X.,Shanghai University | And 7 more authors.
Carcinogenesis | Year: 2011

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which regulate gene expression by partial complementarity to the 3′ untranslated region of their target genes, have been implicated in cancer initiation and progression. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of miRNA expression during pancreatic tumorigenesis has not been extensively reported. In this study, we first compared the miRNA expression in human pancreatic cancers and adjacent normal tissues by miRNA array and identified 12 differentially expressed miRNAs. miR-132, which is downregulated in tumors, was further studied in greater detail. Decreased expression of miR-132 was confirmed in 16 of 20 pancreatic carcinomas (P < 0.0001), compared with their respective benign tissues by TaqMan miRNA assays. miR-132 expression was remarkably influenced by promoter methylation in PANC1 and SW1990 cells. Promoter hypermethylation was observed in tumor samples but not in the normal counterparts, and the expression of miR-132 negatively correlated with its methylation status (P = 0.013). miR-132 was transcribed by RNA polymerase II, and Sp1 played a major role in miR-132 transcription. The expression of Sp1 correlated with that of miR-132 in tissues. Moreover, cancerous tissues showed significantly lower Sp1-binding affinity to the miR-132 promoter, relative to non-tumor samples. Proliferation and colony formation of pancreatic cancer cells were suppressed in cells transfected with miR-132 mimics and enhanced in cells transfected with miR-132 inhibitor by negatively regulating the Akt-signaling pathway. Our present findings illustrate the mechanism driving miR-132 downregulation and the important role of miR-132 in pancreatic cancer development. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

Liu P.,The Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University | Zhou J.,Soochow University of China | Zhou J.,The Core Laboratory of Suzhou Cancer Center | Zhu H.,Nanjing Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Cytokine | Year: 2011

Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) is a key regulator of angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. VEGF-C is also implicated in the development of esophageal cancer. We investigated the mRNA levels of VEGF-C and its receptors in 38 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma specimens (ESCCs) and matched adjacent normal esophageal tissues via real-time PCR. The mRNA levels of VEGF-C, VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3 were significantly upregulated in ESCCs versus respective side normal tissues. To explore the influence of VEGF-C on esophageal cancer progression, the expression of VEGF-C was manipulated in esophageal cancer cell lines TE-1 and Eca-109. VEGF-C transcription, translation and secretion were significantly enhanced in cells stably transfected with a VEGF-C overexpression vector or attenuated in VEGF-C shRNA-transfected cell lines. In vitro, TE-1 cells stably transfected with a VEGF-C overexpression vector exhibited an increased rate of cell proliferation, migration and focus formation, whereas knockdown of VEGF-C inhibited cell proliferation, migration and focus formation. Similar results were obtained for Eca-109 cells. VEGF-C mediated biological function through transcription of CNTN-1, which is implicated in tumor invasion and metastasis. The expression of VEGF-C was correlated with that of CNTN-1 and cell proliferation and migration induced by VEGF-C were reversed by silencing of CNTN-1. In addition, nude mice inoculated with VEGF-C shRNA-transfected cells exhibited a significantly decreased tumor size in vivo via reduced VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3 phosphorylation and microvessel formation. VEGF-C upregulation may be involved in esophageal tumor progression. Vector-based RNA interference (RNAi) targeting VEGF-C is a potential therapeutic method for human esophageal carcinoma. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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