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Xu C.,Shaoxing University | Xu C.,Zhejiang University | Wang J.,The Chunan County First Hospital | Li J.,Shaoxing University | Fang R.,The Chunan County First Hospital
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2011

Altered expressions of mitochondria elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) have been observed in certain types of cancers, including gastric cancer cell lines, but the impact of the alterations in gastric adenocarcinoma remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of EF-Tu in gastric adenocarcinoma and to assess its clinical significance. A total of 104 paired resected gastric adenocarcinoma and corresponding normal specimens were collected in this study. EF-Tu expression was assessed by immunohistochemical staining. The correlation of EF-Tu expression and patients' clinicopathological parameters was statically evaluated and the prognostic significance of EF-Tu expression was assessed by univariate and multivariate analyses. Forty-nine out of 104 (47.1%) gastric adenocarcinoma specimens showed high expression of EF-Tu, while the remaining 55 specimens showed weak or negative expression of EF-Tu. In contrast, EF-Tu high expression was detected in 62.5% (65 of 104) normal tissues. Down-regulation of EF-Tu was associated with serosal invasion (P = 0.042) and node involvement (P = 0.005), and down-regulation of EF-Tu was correlated with poor overall survival (P = 0.020). In curative resection (R0) patients, there were also significant differences (P = 0.043). In the multivariate analysis, the EF-Tu expression remained a significant independent prognostic factor (P = 0.038). Our results indicate that EF-Tu is expressed in both gastric adenocarcinoma and corresponding normal tissues. Down-regulation of EF-Tu expression is associated with advanced disease stage and EF-Tu expression maybe served as an independent prognostic factor. © 2011 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source


Wang J.,The Chunan County First Hospital | Li J.,Shaoxing University | Fang R.,The Chunan County First Hospital | Xie S.,Zhejiang University | And 3 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2012

Estrogen receptor α36 (ERα36) is believed to mediate membrane-initiated effects of estrogen signaling, and promote cell growth and resistance to tamoxifen treatment. However, few studies are available regarding ERα36 expression in gastric cancer. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of ERα36, as well as estrogen receptor α66 (ERα66), in gastric cancer and its correlation with clinicopathological parameters. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was applied to detect the expression of ERα66 and ERα36 mRNA in 45 pairs of samples of gastric cancer tissues and matched normal tissues. The ΔΔCT method was used to evaluate the relative quantity of target mRNA expression. Among the 45 pairs of samples of gastric cancer tissues and matched normal tissues adjacent to the tumor, the ERα36 mRNA levels in normal tissues were significantly higher than those observed in gastric cancer tissues (p=0.040). Additionally, the expression of ERα66 mRNA levels between gastric cancer tissues and matched normal tissues had no statistically significant difference. We confirmed that ERα36 mRNA was expressed in the four gastric cancer cell lines, and ERα66 mRNA was expressed in two of the four gastric cancer cell lines. According to the tissue and cell findings, it was suggested that the expression level of ERα36 is greater than that of ERα66 in gastric cancer. In conclusion, the expression of ERα66 and ERα36 in gastric cancer tissues and cells was confirmed in this study. A decreased expression of ERα36 mRNA in gastric cancer tissues may be one of the factors affecting tumorigenesis in gastric cancer patients. Source

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