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Shen Y.-F.,The Tumor Hospital of Hangzhou City | Yu W.-H.,Nanjing Medical University | Dong X.-Q.,Nanjing Medical University | Du Q.,Nanjing Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2016

Background: Galectin-3 plays a significant role in microglia activation. Its increased circulating concentration has been associated with some inflammatory diseases. In-hospital major adverse events (IMAEs), including acute traumatic coagulopathy, progressive hemorrhagic injury and posttraumatic cerebral infarction, have high prevalence and are strong predictors of mortality after severe traumatic brain injury (STBI). The present study was designed to investigate the relationships between plasma galectin-3 concentrations and trauma severity, in-hospital mortality and IMAEs following STBI. Methods: Plasma galectin-3 concentrations of 100 STBI patients and 100 controls were determined. Diagnosis of progressive hemorrhagic injury and posttraumatic cerebral infarction was made on the follow-up computerized tomography scan. Acute traumatic coagulopathy was defined based on coagulation test. Results: Plasma galectin-3 concentrations were significantly higher in patients as compared to controls and also associated highly with Glasgow Coma Scale scores and plasma C-reactive protein concentrations. Galectin-3 emerged as an independent predictor for in-hospital mortality and IMAEs. Areas under receiver operating characteristic curve of plasma galectin-3 concentrations were similar to those of Glasgow Coma Scale scores for prediction of in-hospital morality and IMAEs. Conclusions: Plasma galectin-3 concentrations have close relation to inflammation, trauma severity and clinical outcome, suggesting that galectin-3 should have the potential to be a good prognostic biomarker after STBI. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source


Wu G.-Q.,The Tonglu TCM Hospital | Chou X.-M.,The Tonglu TCM Hospital | Ji W.-J.,The Tonglu TCM Hospital | Yang X.-G.,The Tonglu TCM Hospital | And 13 more authors.
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2016

Background: Nesfatin-1 is related to inflammation. Its increased circulating concentrations are associated with the severity and prognosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage. In-hospital major adverse events (IMAEs), including acute traumatic coagulopathy, progressive hemorrhagic injury and posttraumatic cerebral infarction, are correlated with mortality after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The present study was designed to investigate the changes of plasma nesfatin-1 concentrations and further assess its association with inflammation, trauma severity, in-hospital mortality and IMAEs following TBI. Methods: We measured plasma nesfatin-1 concentrations of 100 severe TBI patients and 100 controls. Progressive hemorrhagic injury and posttraumatic cerebral infarction were diagnosed based on a follow-up computerized tomography scan. Acute traumatic coagulopathy was identified according to a coagulation test. Results: Plasma nesfatin-1 concentrations were significantly higher in patients than in controls and associated highly with Glasgow coma scale (GCS) scores and plasma C-reactive protein concentrations. Nesfatin-1 was indicated as an independent predictor for in-hospital mortality and IMAEs. In accordance with area under receiver operating characteristic curve, its predictive value was similar to GCS scores. Conclusion: Increased plasma nesfatin-1 concentrations are associated closely with inflammation, trauma severity and clinical outcomes, indicating that nesfatin-1 might be involved in inflammation and become a good prognostic biomarker following TBI. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source

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