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Nicolaidou V.,University of Nicosia | Nicolaidou V.,Center for the study of Haematological Malignancies | Koufaris C.,Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2015

A large number of biological, chemical, and dietary factors have been implicated in the development of liver cancer. These involve complex and protracted interactions between genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors. The survival rate for patients diagnosed with late-stage liver cancer is currently low due to the aggressive nature of the disease and resistance to therapy. An increasing body of evidence has offered support for the crucial role of non-coding microRNA (miRNA) in directing hepatic responses to environmental risk factors for liver cancer. In this review we focus on miRNA responses to environmental liver cancer risk factors and their potential biological and clinical significance. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source


Nian Q.,Chongqing Medical University | Chi J.,Center for the study of Haematological Malignancies | Xiao Q.,Chongqing Medical University | Wei C.,Chongqing Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2015

Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) has a complex and pleiotropic biological role in cell life during disease. The role of SPARC in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is not yet fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the role of SPARC protein overproduction in the proliferation and apoptosis of SKM-1 cells, an acute myeloid leukemia cell line transformed from MDS. SKM-1 cells were infected with the pGC-GV-SPARC vector. The cells were then assessed for proliferation and cell death following treatment with low-dose cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C). The microarray analysis results revealed that samples from SPARC-overexpressed cells compared to SPARC protein, in SKM-1 cells led to proliferation inhibition and promoted programmed cell death and these effects were greater when treated with Ara-C. The mRNA and protein expression levels of SPARC were detected by SPARC overexpression in cells treated with Ara-C resulting in a significant upregulation of the mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) gene expression and five other genes. The results showed that the necrotic signaling pathway may play a role when the two conditions were combined via the upregulation of the MLKL protein. MLKL upregulation in SPARC overexpressed cells treated with Ara-C, indicates necrosis as a possible cell death process for the SKM-1 cells under these stringent conditions. Source


Chi J.,Center for the study of Haematological Malignancies | Pierides C.,Center for the study of Haematological Malignancies | Mitsidou A.,Center for the study of Haematological Malignancies | Miltiadou A.,Karaiskakio Foundation | And 2 more authors.
Biological Procedures Online | Year: 2015

Background: The synthesis of complementary DNA (cDNA) for use in the detection of BCR-ABL1 at the Major Molecular Response (MMR) level is a well-established method used by clinical laboratories world-wide. However, the quality of cDNA provides sensitivity challenges and consequently affects the detection of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD). Results: Herein, we evaluated six commercially available kits for the synthesis of cDNA according to amplification success rate, linearity and ABL1 copy number. Based on our results, the Invitrogen SuperScript® III Reverse Transcriptase kit performed better, among the ones used in this study, for the cDNA synthesis, followed by the First Strand cDNA Synthesis Kit for RT-PCR (AMV), available from Roche Applied Sciences. Conclusions: Accurate and sensitive testing for the detection of abnormal transcripts, allows the correct stratification and treatment of patients. Hence, the use of a suitable kit for the cDNA synthesis is of great importance. This study provides a comprehensive point of reference for clinical laboratories in an attempt to optimize BCR-ABL1 detection. We propose that the Invitrogen SuperScript® III Reverse Transcriptase kit is the most suitable, among the ones used in this study, for the cDNA synthesis to be used for the detection of BCR-ABL1 at the MMR level in a CML MRD assay. © 2015 Chi et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Source

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