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Bozovic D.,The Center for Temperate Fruits Medical and Aromatic Herbs | Lazovic B.,The Center for Subtropical Fruits | Ercisli S.,Ataturk University | Adakalic M.,The Center for Subtropical Fruits | And 3 more authors.
Erwerbs-Obstbau | Year: 2015

Autochthonous apple varieties are still keeping their importance in Montenegro and they are valuable resources as human food and an important part of rural landscape. The aim of this study was to study and preserve morphological diversity of 30 autochthonous apple varieties in Montenegro between 2008 and 2010. We found a great variation on blooming period and maturation time among varieties and classified them as very early, early, mid and late for blooming and early, middle, late and very late for maturation. Fruit weight varied in wide range from 40.76 g to 206.74 g and ‘Krupnaja’, ‘Krstovača’ and ‘Babovača’ produced biggest fruits (191.83–206.74 g). Soluble solid content (SSC) varied between 11.0 to 16.1 % among varieties and ‘Borovača’, ‘Aleksandrija’, ‘Krstovača’, ‘Dapsićanka’, ‘Bosnika’, ‘Rebrača’ and ‘Babovača’ had the highest SSC values imply that they can be commercially used in production of spirits, wine, concentrate and jam and also for drying. Based on 3-year average data for 25 properties, UPGMA (Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean) dendrogram showed a high degree of variability among the studied varieties dividing them into 5 groups and 3 independent accessions. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Source

Jacimovic V.,The Center for Temperate Fruits Medical and Aromatic Herbs | Bozovic D.,The Center for Temperate Fruits Medical and Aromatic Herbs
Genetika | Year: 2014

In this paper are presented three years data (2009-2011) of biological traits of 30 cornelian cherry genotypes selected from the natural population of the region Upper Polimlje in Montenegro. Time of maturity, cropping, fruit and stone weight, size, fruit shape index and peel colour, content of flesh in total fruit mass and the soluble solids continent are presented. The aim of this paper is selection and preservation of cornelian cherry genotypes from natural population of Upper Polimlje that deserve attention due to their biological traits and recommendation of these genotypes for future propagation in present agricultural conditions or as a starting material in breeding of this fruit species. Genotypes BA 70, BP 04, BP 17 and BP 44 with high cropping coefficient from 0.34 to 0.50 are worthy of attention as a big biological potential. For table consumption genotypes BA 70 and BP 21 are interesting, with fruit weight above 4 g, and genotypes PL 98, BP 44, PL 99, BP 36 and BP 22 with content of flesh in total fruit mass above 89% for processing. High content of soluble solids in the fruit, above 19%, are characteristic for genotypes BP 01, BP 06, BA 13, BP 38 and BP 40. Source

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