The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research

Tokyo, Japan

The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research

Tokyo, Japan

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Ide Y.,The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Ide Y.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine | Horii R.,Cancer Institute Hospital | Osako T.,Cancer Institute Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Pathology International | Year: 2011

Invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMP) of the breast is a rare variant of invasive breast carcinoma and most cases of IMP are associated with nodal metastasis and lymphatic invasion. Lesions composed of an IMP component alone are rare and almost always coexist with other pathological components. However, few reports have documented IMP along with its proportion and the coexistent pathological type. We analyzed the total 486 breast cancer lesions operated in our hospital in 1998. We classified the lesions into five groups by the proportion of the IMP component in each lesion. Then we evaluated the incidence of nodal metastasis and lymphatic invasion in each group. The incidence of the invasive carcinoma containing any IMP components was 8.4%. The incidence of nodal metastasis and lymphatic invasion in lesions with an IMP component were significantly higher than that in those with no IMP. No correlation was seen between the incidence of nodal metastasis and the coexistent pathological type, shape of tumor clusters, nuclear grade and the expression of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 and gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 in IMP components. The presence of IMP components was a significant predictive factor for nodal metastasis, even if it is detected in only a small proportion of the tumor. © 2011 The Authors. Pathology International © 2011 Japanese Society of Pathology and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.


Hara-Miyauchi C.,Keio University | Hara-Miyauchi C.,RIKEN | Hara-Miyauchi C.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Tsuji O.,Keio University | And 14 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2012

The current utility of bioluminescence imaging is constrained by a low photon yield that limits temporal sensitivity. Here, we describe an imaging method that uses a chemiluminescent/fluorescent protein, . ffLuc-cp156, which consists of a yellow variant of . Aequorea GFP and firefly luciferase. We report an improvement in photon yield by over three orders of magnitude over current bioluminescent systems. We imaged cellular movement at high resolution including neuronal growth cones and microglial cell protrusions. Transgenic . ffLuc-cp156 mice enabled video-rate bioluminescence imaging of freely moving animals, which may provide a reliable assay for drug distribution in behaving animals for pre-clinical studies. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Nitta H.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Terui Y.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Yokoyama M.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Mishima Y.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | And 7 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2015

Recently, elevated peripheral blood monocyte counts at diagnosis have been shown to be an independent marker associated with poor prognosis in patients with both non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the data from a total of 550 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and evaluated the relationship between central nervous system relapse and absolute monocyte counts at diagnosis. Twenty-six patients developed central nervous system relapse. The central nervous system relapse-free survival rate was significantly lower in patients with the absolute monocyte counts ≥0.51×109/L (87.8% versus 96.4%; P<0.001). This association was independently significant after adjusting for other significant factors, including systemic relapse as a time-dependent covariate by multivariate analysis (hazard ratio 2.46; 95% confidence intervals 1.05-5.75; P=0.039). These results suggest that the absolute monocyte count at diagnosis is an independent significant risk factor for central nervous system relapse in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. © 2014 Ferrata Storti Foundation.


Osako T.,The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Osako T.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Iwase T.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Ushijima M.,Bioinformatics Group | And 7 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2014

For breast cancer patients with a preoperative diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), sentinel lymph node (SN) biopsy has been proposed as an axillary staging procedure in selected patients with a higher likelihood of having occult invasive lesions. With detailed histological examination of primary tumors and molecular whole-node analysis of SNs, we aimed to validate whether this selective application accurately identifies patients with SN metastasis. The subjects were 336 patients with a preoperative needle-biopsy diagnosis of DCIS who underwent SN biopsy using the one-step nucleic acid amplification assay in the period 2009-2011. The incidence and preoperative predictors of upstaging to invasive disease on final pathology and SN metastasis, and their correlation, were investigated. Of the 336 patients, 113 (33.6%) had invasive disease, and 6 (1.8%) and 17 (5.0%) had macro- and micrometastasis in axillary nodes respectively. Of the 113 patients with invasive disease, 4 (3.5%) and 9 (8.0%) had macro- and micrometastasis. Predictors of invasive disease included palpability, mammographic mass, and calcifications (spread >20 mm), and intraductal solid structure, but no predictor was found for SN metastasis. Therefore, even though occult invasive disease was found at final pathology, most of the patients had no metastasis or only micrometastasis in axillary nodes. Predictors of invasive disease and SN metastasis were not completely consistent, so the selective SN biopsy for patients with a higher risk of invasive disease may not accurately identify those with SN metastasis. More accurate application of SN biopsy is required for patients with a preoperative diagnosis of DCIS. © 2014 The Authors.


Ito Y.,The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Suenaga M.,The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Hatake K.,The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Takahashi S.,The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | And 8 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2012

Objective: Neratinib (HKI-272), a potent, irreversible, small-molecule, orally administered, pan-ErbB inhibitor that blocks signal transduction via inhibition of three epidermal growth factor receptors [ErbB1, ErbB2 (Her2) and ErbB4], is being developed for the treatment of solid tumors, including breast cancer. This Phase 1 dose-escalation study assessed the safety, tolerability, maximum-tolerated dose, antitumor activity and pharmacokinetics of neratinib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Methods: Patients received neratinib 80, 160, 240 or 320 mg orally; each patient enrolled in only one dose cohort. Patients received a single dose in week 1, followed by daily continuous doses. Blood samples collected were on days 1 and 21 for pharmacokinetic analyses. Results: Twenty-one patients were enrolled (3 breast cancer; 17 colorectal cancer; 1 gastric cancer). Neratinib-related adverse events (all grades) included diarrhea (20 patients), fatigue (14 patients), nausea and abdominal pain (9 patients each) and anorexia (8 patients). Grade ≥3 neratinib-related adverse events in two or more patients were diarrhea and anorexia (two patients each). Dose-limiting toxicities were diarrhea and anorexia (two patients, 320 mg dose). The maximum-tolerated dose and recommended dose was neratinib 240 mg once daily. Of 21 evaluable patients, 2 with breast cancer had partial response, 3 had stable disease ≥24 weeks, 7 had stable disease ≥16 weeks and 9 had progressive disease. Pharmacokinetic analyses indicated that neratinib exposures increased with dose. Conclusions: The safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetic profiles of neratinib are consistent with those reported for non-Japanese patients and warrant further investigation of neratinib in Japanese patients with solid tumors. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.


Tokuzawa Y.,Saitama University | Yagi K.,Saitama University | Yamashita Y.,Saitama University | Nakachi Y.,Saitama University | And 19 more authors.
PLoS Genetics | Year: 2010

Excessive accumulation of bone marrow adipocytes observed in senile osteoporosis or age-related osteopenia is caused by the unbalanced differentiation of MSCs into bone marrow adipocytes or osteoblasts. Several transcription factors are known to regulate the balance between adipocyte and osteoblast differentiation. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate the balance between adipocyte and osteoblast differentiation in the bone marrow have yet to be elucidated. To identify candidate genes associated with senile osteoporosis, we performed genome-wide expression analyses of differentiating osteoblasts and adipocytes. Among transcription factors that were enriched in the early phase of differentiation, Id4 was identified as a key molecule affecting the differentiation of both cell types. Experiments using bone marrow-derived stromal cell line ST2 and Id4-deficient mice showed that lack of Id4 drastically reduces osteoblast differentiation and drives differentiation toward adipocytes. On the other hand knockdown of Id4 in adipogenic-induced ST2 cells increased the expression of Pparγ2, a master regulator of adipocyte differentiation. Similar results were observed in bone marrow cells of femur and tibia of Id4-deficient mice. However the effect of Id4 on Pparγ2 and adipocyte differentiation is unlikely to be of direct nature. The mechanism of Id4 promoting osteoblast differentiation is associated with the Id4-mediated release of Hes1 from Hes1-Hey2 complexes. Hes1 increases the stability and transcriptional activity of Runx2, a key molecule of osteoblast differentiation, which results in an enhanced osteoblast-specific gene expression. The new role of Id4 in promoting osteoblast differentiation renders it a target for preventing the onset of senile osteoporosis. © 2010 Tokuzawa et al.


PubMed | The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase I | Journal: Japanese journal of clinical oncology | Year: 2012

Neratinib (HKI-272), a potent, irreversible, small-molecule, orally administered, pan-ErbB inhibitor that blocks signal transduction via inhibition of three epidermal growth factor receptors [ErbB1, ErbB2 (Her2) and ErbB4], is being developed for the treatment of solid tumors, including breast cancer. This Phase 1 dose-escalation study assessed the safety, tolerability, maximum-tolerated dose, antitumor activity and pharmacokinetics of neratinib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.Patients received neratinib 80, 160, 240 or 320 mg orally; each patient enrolled in only one dose cohort. Patients received a single dose in week 1, followed by daily continuous doses. Blood samples collected were on days 1 and 21 for pharmacokinetic analyses.Twenty-one patients were enrolled (3 breast cancer; 17 colorectal cancer; 1 gastric cancer). Neratinib-related adverse events (all grades) included diarrhea (20 patients), fatigue (14 patients), nausea and abdominal pain (9 patients each) and anorexia (8 patients). Grade 3 neratinib-related adverse events in two or more patients were diarrhea and anorexia (two patients each). Dose-limiting toxicities were diarrhea and anorexia (two patients, 320 mg dose). The maximum-tolerated dose and recommended dose was neratinib 240 mg once daily. Of 21 evaluable patients, 2 with breast cancer had partial response, 3 had stable disease 24 weeks, 7 had stable disease 16 weeks and 9 had progressive disease. Pharmacokinetic analyses indicated that neratinib exposures increased with dose.The safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetic profiles of neratinib are consistent with those reported for non-Japanese patients and warrant further investigation of neratinib in Japanese patients with solid tumors.


PubMed | the Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, The Surgical Center, the Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Ibaraki Prefectural Central Hospital and Jichi Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2016

Pathological complete response (pCR) with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been regarded as a surrogate endpoint for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients with breast cancer. No consensus regarding the definition of pCR has been established; there are several definitions according to a variety of classifications. Eradication of cancer cells in both breast and lymph nodes has been better associated with improved prognosis than in the breast alone. Even in patients diagnosed as having clinically node-negative cancer before NAC, postoperative pathological examination often shows axillary lymph node metastases.Of the 771 patients with breast cancer who underwent NAC in the Cancer Institute Hospital between January 2000 and May 2009, 146 patients preoperatively diagnosed as having node-negative breast cancer were retrospectively evaluated. We have made the definition of clinically lymph node-negative (N0) as follows: first, ultrasonography before NAC did not show any lymphadenopathy. Second, a cytological procedure confirmed negative study for each patient when ultrasonography suggested lymphadenopathy.The median observation period was 79.7 months, and the median age of the subjects was 51 years. Pathological examination at the time of the surgery showed lymph node metastases (ypN+) in 46 patients (31.5%). Histological therapeutic effects revealed ypT0/is in 9 patients (6.2%) and ypTinv in 137 (93.8%). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that younger age (49>), large tumor size, NG3, and ypN+ were significant poor prognostic factors for DFS (p = 0.020, p = 0.008, P = 0.022 and p = 0.010, respectively). Moreover, ypN+ was the only significant poor prognostic factor for OS (p = 0.022). The predictive factors of ypN+ in clinically lymph node-negative breast cancer were ypTinv (p = 0.036) and the luminal type (HR+ and HER2-) (p = 0.029).The prognosis of clinically lymph node negative breast cancer depended on ypN+, which was associated with ypTinv and luminal subtype.


PubMed | The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Jichi Medical University and Cancer Institute of Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research and Bioinformatics Group
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Surgery today | Year: 2016

Although improved long-term prognoses for patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) have been demonstrated, few reports address overall survival (OS) with sufficient follow-up. Furthermore, the relevance of immunohistological subtypes to OS in MBC has not been clarified.We evaluated, retrospectively, the OS of patients who had been initiated on systemic therapy for MBC between 2000 and 2008.The subjects of this study were 527 patients with MBC treated by systemic therapy. The median survival time (MST) was 55.5months. The MST for each immunohistological subtype was as follows: luminal, 59.9months; luminal-HER2, not reached; triple-negative, 18.6months; and HER2-enriched, 49.9months. According to multivariate analysis, metastasis-free intervals of 2years and treatment with anthracycline for MBC were predictive of better OS. The predictors of shorter OS included disease progression after first-line treatment for MBC, triple-negative, and all histological factors, except papillotubular carcinoma, with liver metastasis, and having three or more initial metastatic sites.The prognosis of the patients with MBC in this series was better than that reported before 2000, which is probably attributable to the use of novel, improved pharmacological agents. For example, luminal-HER2 tumors can be treated using both aromatase inhibitors and trastuzumab. Because of the lower toxicities, it is now possible to administer these agents for longer periods, resulting in better prognoses.


PubMed | The Cancer Institute of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research and Jichi Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Haematologica | Year: 2015

Recently, elevated peripheral blood monocyte counts at diagnosis have been shown to be an independent marker associated with poor prognosis in patients with both non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the data from a total of 550 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and evaluated the relationship between central nervous system relapse and absolute monocyte counts at diagnosis. Twenty-six patients developed central nervous system relapse. The central nervous system relapse-free survival rate was significantly lower in patients with the absolute monocyte counts 0.51 10(9)/L (87.8% versus 96.4%; P<0.001). This association was independently significant after adjusting for other significant factors, including systemic relapse as a time-dependent covariate by multivariate analysis (hazard ratio 2.46; 95% confidence intervals 1.05-5.75; P=0.039). These results suggest that the absolute monocyte count at diagnosis is an independent significant risk factor for central nervous system relapse in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

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