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The patient, a 79-year-old Japanese man, was diagnosed with the chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia and begun on nilotinib therapy in April 2011. The therapeutic response was major molecular response in August. About 19 months after the start of nilotinib therapy at 400 mg/day (November 2012), an adenocarcinoma (24×20 mm) confined to the head of the pancreas developed. In February 2013, a pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. The therapy regimen was switched to dasatinib at 100 mg/day, beginning in April. The response was still major molecular response with no recurrence of pancreatic carcinoma in July 2013. There have been 29 reported cases of secondary neoplasms associated with nilotinib therapy. These secondary neoplasms were characterized by relatively frequent occurrence of papilloma (6 cases), gastric cancer (3 cases), fibroma (3 cases), and thyroid neoplasms (2 cases). The present case, however, is the first to be reported as carcinoma of the pancreas. This report describes the case. © 2015, Turkish Society of Hematology. All rights reserved. Source

Nitta H.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Terui Y.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Yokoyama M.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | Mishima Y.,The Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research | And 7 more authors.

Recently, elevated peripheral blood monocyte counts at diagnosis have been shown to be an independent marker associated with poor prognosis in patients with both non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the data from a total of 550 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and evaluated the relationship between central nervous system relapse and absolute monocyte counts at diagnosis. Twenty-six patients developed central nervous system relapse. The central nervous system relapse-free survival rate was significantly lower in patients with the absolute monocyte counts ≥0.51×109/L (87.8% versus 96.4%; P<0.001). This association was independently significant after adjusting for other significant factors, including systemic relapse as a time-dependent covariate by multivariate analysis (hazard ratio 2.46; 95% confidence intervals 1.05-5.75; P=0.039). These results suggest that the absolute monocyte count at diagnosis is an independent significant risk factor for central nervous system relapse in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. © 2014 Ferrata Storti Foundation. Source

Mizuno Y.,Saitama University | Ninomiya Y.,Saitama University | Nakachi Y.,Saitama University | Iseki M.,Saitama University | And 26 more authors.
PLoS Genetics

Peroxisomes are subcellular organelles involved in lipid metabolic processes, including those of very-long-chain fatty acids and branched-chain fatty acids, among others. Peroxisome matrix proteins are synthesized in the cytoplasm. Targeting signals (PTS or peroxisomal targeting signal) at the C-terminus (PTS1) or N-terminus (PTS2) of peroxisomal matrix proteins mediate their import into the organelle. In the case of PTS2-containing proteins, the PTS2 signal is cleaved from the protein when transported into peroxisomes. The functional mechanism of PTS2 processing, however, is poorly understood. Previously we identified Tysnd1 (Trypsin domain containing 1) and biochemically characterized it as a peroxisomal cysteine endopeptidase that directly processes PTS2-containing prethiolase Acaa1 and PTS1-containing Acox1, Hsd17b4, and ScpX. The latter three enzymes are crucial components of the very-long-chain fatty acids β-oxidation pathway. To clarify the in vivo functions and physiological role of Tysnd1, we analyzed the phenotype of Tysnd1-/- mice. Male Tysnd1-/- mice are infertile, and the epididymal sperms lack the acrosomal cap. These phenotypic features are most likely the result of changes in the molecular species composition of choline and ethanolamine plasmalogens. Tysnd1-/- mice also developed liver dysfunctions when the phytanic acid precursor phytol was orally administered. Phyh and Agps are known PTS2-containing proteins, but were identified as novel Tysnd1 substrates. Loss of Tysnd1 interferes with the peroxisomal localization of Acaa1, Phyh, and Agps, which might cause the mild Zellweger syndrome spectrum-resembling phenotypes. Our data established that peroxisomal processing protease Tysnd1 is necessary to mediate the physiological functions of PTS2-containing substrates. © 2013 Mizuno et al. Source

Hara-Miyauchi C.,Keio University | Hara-Miyauchi C.,RIKEN | Hara-Miyauchi C.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Tsuji O.,Keio University | And 14 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

The current utility of bioluminescence imaging is constrained by a low photon yield that limits temporal sensitivity. Here, we describe an imaging method that uses a chemiluminescent/fluorescent protein, . ffLuc-cp156, which consists of a yellow variant of . Aequorea GFP and firefly luciferase. We report an improvement in photon yield by over three orders of magnitude over current bioluminescent systems. We imaged cellular movement at high resolution including neuronal growth cones and microglial cell protrusions. Transgenic . ffLuc-cp156 mice enabled video-rate bioluminescence imaging of freely moving animals, which may provide a reliable assay for drug distribution in behaving animals for pre-clinical studies. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

Tokuzawa Y.,Saitama University | Yagi K.,Saitama University | Yamashita Y.,Saitama University | Nakachi Y.,Saitama University | And 19 more authors.
PLoS Genetics

Excessive accumulation of bone marrow adipocytes observed in senile osteoporosis or age-related osteopenia is caused by the unbalanced differentiation of MSCs into bone marrow adipocytes or osteoblasts. Several transcription factors are known to regulate the balance between adipocyte and osteoblast differentiation. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate the balance between adipocyte and osteoblast differentiation in the bone marrow have yet to be elucidated. To identify candidate genes associated with senile osteoporosis, we performed genome-wide expression analyses of differentiating osteoblasts and adipocytes. Among transcription factors that were enriched in the early phase of differentiation, Id4 was identified as a key molecule affecting the differentiation of both cell types. Experiments using bone marrow-derived stromal cell line ST2 and Id4-deficient mice showed that lack of Id4 drastically reduces osteoblast differentiation and drives differentiation toward adipocytes. On the other hand knockdown of Id4 in adipogenic-induced ST2 cells increased the expression of Pparγ2, a master regulator of adipocyte differentiation. Similar results were observed in bone marrow cells of femur and tibia of Id4-deficient mice. However the effect of Id4 on Pparγ2 and adipocyte differentiation is unlikely to be of direct nature. The mechanism of Id4 promoting osteoblast differentiation is associated with the Id4-mediated release of Hes1 from Hes1-Hey2 complexes. Hes1 increases the stability and transcriptional activity of Runx2, a key molecule of osteoblast differentiation, which results in an enhanced osteoblast-specific gene expression. The new role of Id4 in promoting osteoblast differentiation renders it a target for preventing the onset of senile osteoporosis. © 2010 Tokuzawa et al. Source

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