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Birmingham, United Kingdom

Patent
University of Warwick and The Binding Site Group | Date: 2013-02-15

The invention provides a method of estimating free light chain production (FLC) in a subject comprising (i) determining an amount of FLC in a sample from the subject; and (ii) correcting the amount of FLC in the sample for FLC cleared from the source of the sample by glomerular filtration and by reticuloendothelial (RE) clearance.


Patent
The Binding Site Group | Date: 2011-02-04

The invention provides a method of prognosis of a subject with an infection, identifying a subject at greater risk of death from an infection and/or identifying a subject at greater risk of developing an infection, the method comprising detecting an amount of free light chains (FLC) in a sample from the subject, wherein a higher amount of FLC is associated with decreased survival due to the infection and/or increased risk from an infection and/or having an increased risk of developing an infection. A method of monitoring an infection, comprising detecting an amount of free light chains (FLC) in a sample from a patient having an infection and comparing the amount of FLC in the sample with an amount of FLC detected in a sample previously obtained from the patient, wherein an increase in the amount FLC detected, compared to the previous sample, indicates an increase in the infection in the patient, and a decrease in the amount of FLC indicates a decrease in the infection in the patient. Assay kits for use in the method are also provided. Assay kits comprising one or more anti-FLC antibodies and one or more anti-bacterial antigen antibodies are also provided.


Patent
The Binding Site Group | Date: 2011-07-19

The application provides competition assays used to detect free-light chains or intact immunoglobulins comprising incubating the sample with anti-FLC antibody, or heavy chain class-light chain type-specific antibodies, or fragments of such antibodies, and a known amount of FLC or intact immunoglobulin and detecting the binding of the antibody to the known amount of FLC or immunoglobulin. Assay kits and methods of producing particles coated with FLC are also provided.


Patent
The Binding Site Group | Date: 2011-03-16

The invention provides a method of identifying a subject likely to have liver disease, or for determining the prognosis of a subject previously identified as having a liver disease comprising detecting an amount of free light chains in a sample from the subject, wherein a higher amount of FLC is associated with an increased likelihood of the subject having a liver disease or an increased likelihood of having a poor prognosis of a liver disease. Assay kits for use in such methods are also provided.


Patent
The Binding Site Group | Date: 2011-03-03

The invention provides a method of predicting subjects at risk of loss of kidney function and/or identifying subjects at greater risk of loss of kidney function, and/or identifying subjects at risk of kidney failure/end stage kidney disease, the method comprising detecting an amount of free light chains (FLC) in a sample from the subject, wherein a higher amount of FLC is associated with increased risk of loss of kidney function and/or increased risk of renal failure/end stage kidney disease. A further aspect of the invention provides a method of monitoring renal impairment, comprising detecting an amount of free light chains (FLC) in a sample from a subject having renal impairment and comparing the amount of FLC in the sample with an Total FLC amount of FLC detected in a sample previously obtained from the subject, wherein an increase in the amount FLC detected, compared to the previous sample, indicates an increase in the risk of loss of renal function in the subject, and a decrease in the amount of FLC indicates a decrease in the risk of loss of renal function in the subject.

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