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Ringo E.,The Arctic University of NorwayTromso | Andersen R.,The Arctic University of NorwayTromso | Sperstad S.,University of Kiel | Zhou Z.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 10 more authors.
Food Biotechnology | Year: 2014

The bacterial community of fermented horse milk (koumiss) from Mongolia was studied using three methods: cultivation, direct identification by 16S rRNA clone library and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Ninety-eight strains were isolated by traditional cultivation and 61 of those were randomly selected for further identification by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The strains were dominated by lactic acid bacteria (LAB; six different lactobacilli), Acinetobacter, Bacillus and Psychrobacter. Construction of the clone library analysis revealed that 16S sequences of 220 clones, genus Lactobacillus was dominant, but Streptococcus thermophilus, Acetobacter pasteurianus and uncultured clones were also detected. Ten unique bands were sequenced from the DGGE and revealed: Lactococcus lactis, Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis, Clostridium acidurici, Acinetobacter johnsonii, Dickeya sp., Enterobacter sp., Pseudomonas sp., Raoultella sp., and Ruminococcus sp. In vitro growth inhibition of three human pathogens, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter sakazakii and Staphylococcus aureus by 14 culturable bacteria displayed that only three of the isolates tested inhibit growth of E. sakazakii while most of the other bacteria delayed growth of the target bacteria. ©, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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