Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 616.50K | Year: 2010
There is a close link between the rotational intensity of OSR, reduced yield and the presence of novel pathogens. Results clearly demonstrate Koch’s postulates for both Olpidium brassicae and Pyrenochaeta sp, and the impact of Pyrenochaeta sp on growth of oilseed rape. This project brings together novel molecular pathogen detection methodology with industry led variety screening, agronomic research and knowledge transfer capability. Specific activities in the technical approach include a combination of sampling of commercial and, field trials (both variety and fungicide/biological control agent) with appropriate sampling, assessment and data collection, and lab based qPCR analysis of samples. This project builds on existing primary research but covers areas not previously investigated. Innovative aspects will include the assessment of varietal tolerance to novel soil pathogens to unlock yield improvements of OSR. The control work will provide detail of techniques to alleviate the problem.Recent development of qPCR detection methods will facilitate this project enabling direct comparisons of pathogen levels in roots. The project builds on existing expertise to develop novel plant breeding and agronomy based solutions (opening up new markets) to address the emerging issue. These routes are suitable for developing a new robust IPM based strategy for dealing with these novel pathogens and increasing oilseed rape yields.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.1.2.3-1 | Award Amount: 2.62M | Year: 2011
The BROWSE proposal is focussed directly and precisely on all the requirements of the call text. Specifically, it will: - Review, improve and extend the models currently used in the risk assessment of plant protection products (PPPs) to evaluate the exposure of operators, workers, residents and bystanders. - Use the new and improved exposure models to contribute to the implementation of Regulation 1107/2009 on authorisation of PPPs, replacing Directive 91/414/EC. - Use the new and improved exposure models to contribute to the implementation of the Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Pesticides. - Involve all relevant stakeholders and end-users and take full account of relevant gender issues in developing the exposure models and policy tools. The workplan is aligned with these key objectives. In addition, several key cross-cutting themes are established to ensure their consistent and integrated treatment throughout the project. These are: exposure scenarios, volatilisation, transfer coefficients, statistical modelling and calibration, and data management. Key stakeholder groups will be represented on the project Advisory Panel as well as participating directly via consultations and workshops, and in surveys to obtain new data on practices and sociobehavioural and gender factors influencing exposure. Models for key exposure scenarios covering different regions of the EU will be developed in order of priority based on consultation with stakeholders, implemented as user-friendly software, and tested with end-users. Project outputs will be delivered through established networks with end-users in EU and national authorities, national training organisations, the pesticide industry, and relevant trade unions and NGOs. The consortium is superbly equipped to address the project objectives, including international leading experts on every aspect and long experience in both the science and the regulatory aspects of exposure assessment.