The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
Kirkuk, Iraq

The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani, is nonprofit private institution for public benefit in the Iraqi Kurdistan and is located in the cultural capital of the region, Sulaimani. The University offers an American-style liberal arts education to students from various economic, ethnic and religious backgrounds. Since its foundation in 2007, the University has been committed to producing knowledgable and skilled graduates.The University opened its doors in 2007 to 45 students from across Iraq. By the end of its second year, the university had 256 enrolled students, 20 of which were in the MBA program. Today, AUIS provides undergraduates with instruction in humanities, social science, natural science, information technology, business and engineering. The language of instruction at AUIS is exclusively English. Students with low English scores are required to complete the Academic Preparatory Program, where they improve their English language skills and learn critical thinking, before entering the undergraduate programs. Wikipedia.

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Ahmad S.A.,University of Sulaimani | Ahmad S.A.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
Novon | Year: 2017

Silene shehbazii S. A. Ahmad (Caryophyllaceae), a new species from Kurdistan, Iraq, is described, and characters distinguishing it from its nearest relatives, S. odontopetala Fenzl and S. pseudonurensis Melzh., are discussed.

Rasheed S.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani | So S.,University of Waterloo | Vu L.,University of Waterloo | Hajian A.R.,University of Waterloo
International Conference on Electronic Devices, Systems, and Applications | Year: 2017

In this paper, we present a spectral parallelism electronic system that works as a data acquisition and image reconstruction system for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It uses a custom receiver chain and narrowband bandpass filters. The broadband magnetic resonance (MR) signal is spectrally separated into multiple narrowband channels. Then each channel signal is processed individually and the system recombines the frequency-limited narrowband signals from the separate channels to reconstruct images or signal profiles. The final image is reconstructed by recombining all the channels data via weighted addition, where the weights correspond to the frequency responses of each narrowband filter. Results were obtained using a clinical MRI system and the images acquired by the developed embedded system showed the feasibility of achieving images with signal-to-noise ratio comparable to those produced by the clinical system. © 2016 IEEE.

El Khaldi K.,Notre Dame University - Louaize | Saleeby E.G.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
Monte Carlo Methods and Applications | Year: 2017

Methods to estimate surface areas of geometric objects in 3D are well known. A number of these methods are of Monte Carlo type, and some are based on the Cauchy-Crofton formula from integral geometry. Employing this formula requires the generation of sets of random lines that are uniformly distributed in 3D. One model to generate sets of random lines that are uniformly distributed in 3D is called the tangent model (see [4]). In this paper, we present an extension of this model to higher dimensions, and we examine its performance by estimating hypersurface areas of n-ellipsoids. Then we apply this method to estimate surface areas of hypersurfaces defined by Fermat-type varieties of even degree. © 2017 by De Gruyter.

Bajalan D.R.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies | Year: 2016

This article surveys the attitude of the Ottoman-Kurdish intelligentsia and the nascent Kurdish movement towards the issue of nationality in the period between the 1908 Constitutional Revolution and the outbreak of the Great War in 1914. The existing academic literature has tended to regard the Kurdish movement in this period as being primarily cultural and apolitical in orientation. However, while the majority of the Kurdish intellectual and professional classes were committed to the Ottoman polity, their activities were far from apolitical. This is not to suggest that the emergent Kurdish movement was unified. On the contrary, the often varied relationship between the Ottoman polity and different elements of the Kurdish elite resulted in a significant degree of factionalism. However, while some of this elite began to think of the Kurds as an oppressed 'minority' locked inside the Ottoman (read Turkish) 'prison house' of nations, most tended to regard the Kurds as both a distinct people and an integral part of the Ottoman 'nation'. © 2016 British Society for Middle Eastern Studies.

Geraci C.J.,Smithsonian Institution | Al-Saffar M.A.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani | Zhou X.,University of Guelph
Journal of the North American Benthological Society | Year: 2011

Monitoring water quality with aquatic insects as sentinels requires taxonomic knowledge of adult and immature life stages that is not available in many parts of the world. We used deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) barcoding to expedite identification of larval caddisflies from 20 sites in the headwaters of the Tigris River in northern Iraq by comparing their mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) sequences to a global reference library (the Trichoptera Barcode of Life). We obtained full-length DNA barcodes for 16 COI haplogroups from 11 genera in 9 Trichoptera families. The most haplogroups and genera were recorded from Sulaimani Province. Two distinct COI haplogroups were found for the genus Psychomyia, and 5 haplogroups were found for Hydropsyche. The Hydropsyche COI haplogroups do not form a monophyletic clade with reference to the world fauna, but 4 out of 5 haplogroups are related to other Palearctic species. Three larval Rhyacophila specimens in a single COI haplogroup are closely related to specimens of Rhyacophila nubila Zetterstedt and Rhyacophila dorsalis (Curtis) from Europe, but adults from Iraq are needed to confirm their species identity. © 2011 The North American Benthological Society.

Khaldi K.E.,Notre Dame University - Louaize | Saleeby E.G.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
Mathematical Scientist | Year: 2016

A basic question in integral geometry is how to compute the perimeter of a set in the Euclidean plane. In this article, we examine the problem of computing the perimeters for the Fermat family of curves of even degree. We first employ a classical approach and derive a series representation for the perimeters. Then we examine the use of the Cauchy intergral formula for the perimeter of a closed convex set. This gives us an approximate simple formula in closed form, and suggests a novel elmentary Monte Carlo method to estimate the perimeters. Finally we employ a quasi Monte Carlo method based on the Cauchy-Crofton formula to compute the perimeters. © Applied Probability Trust 2016.

Ahmad S.A.,University of Sulaimani | Askari A.A.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
Harvard Papers in Botany | Year: 2015

An ethnobotanical survey was carried out in the Hawraman region, southern Kurdistan, Iraq. A total of 64 plant species belonging to 30 families are currently utilized in various traditional uses, including local foods, medicines, tools, gums, fodder, tanning, and dyes, among others. Data were gathered from local markets, where various plant parts were sold, as well as from interviewing elderly villagers. For each ethnobotanical entry, the species, plant family, and Kurdish names are given. © President and Fellows of Harvard College, 2015.

Knahl M.,Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences | Mahmood R.S.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
Proceedings - 2013 6th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering, DeSE 2013 | Year: 2013

This paper presents a survey and analysis on the Mobile Internet Service Quality in Iraq from a technical, marketing and financial perspective. Iraq has experienced a rapid growth in the adoption of Mobile Internet Services and the operators face challenges to attract and retain customers. The consumers in the northern Iraq cities have a high awareness of the existence and quality of Mobile Internet Service and are prepared to adopt state of the art Mobile Internet Services. There are potential markets for mobile operators to explore their services and to offer a high level of quality. © 2013 IEEE.

Ahmad S.A.,University of Sulaimani | Ahmad S.A.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
Harvard Papers in Botany | Year: 2016

Scrophularia kollakii (Scrophulariaceae), a new species from Kurdistan Iraq, is described, and its distinguishing characters from nearest relatives are discussed. It is easily separated from S. olympica by its taller (30-75 vs. 20-30 cm) stems, 4-12-flowered (vs. 3-flowered) cymes, lanceolate (vs. linear to narrowly oblong), shorter (1-2 vs. 1.7-5 mm) bracteoles, scarious and usually purplish or dark yellow (vs. pale brown) margin of calyx, dark pink corolla 7-9 mm (vs. ca. 6 mm), and dark pink (vs. dark purple) upper corolla lip 3.5-5 mm (vs. 3 mm). It differs from S. sosnowskyi by having usually purplish or dark yellow (vs. white) scarious margin of calyx, dark pink (vs. greenish yellow with upper lip purple or violet) corolla, and obcordate (vs. obovate) staminode. © 2016 President and Fellows of Harvard College.

Hill J.P.,The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
Independent Review | Year: 2012

A straightforward and effective aid program is constructed for inducing meaningful institutional change in developing economies. This program is based on four fundamental propositions, the developed world has made a substantial commitment to encouraging economic growth in the developing world, the fundamental causes of economic growth are reasonably well understood, well-developed measures of these institutions, and People respond to incentives. To substitute legitimate rent capture by rulers for the rents they are either unable to capture or those that are illegitimate is a meaningful step in this direction. Whether rulers use the prize money to fund their next election, to buy off the interests opposed to change, or to plan their retirement, the market's creative forces and local actors' specific knowledge will be aligned to provide security of property rights and relatively equal access to economic resources to a broad cross-section of society.

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