The Air Force General Hospital of PLA

Beijing, China

The Air Force General Hospital of PLA

Beijing, China
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Qiao Y.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Qiao Y.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | Li Q.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | Du H.-Y.,Capital Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2017

Accumulating evidence suggests that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) which adsorbed on the surface of ambient air particulate matters (PM), are the major toxic compound to cause cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, even cancer. However, its detrimental effects on human skin cell remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that SRM1649b, a reference urban dust material of PAH, triggers human skin cells aging through cell cycle arrest, cell growth inhibition and apoptosis. Principally, SRM1649b facilitated Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) translocated into nucleus, subsequently activated ERK/MAPK signaling pathway, and upregulated aging-related genes expression. Most important, we found that AhR antagonist efficiently revert the aging of skin cells. Thus our novel findings firstly revealed the mechanism of skin aging under PAH contamination and provided potential strategy for clinical application. © 2017


PubMed | Hong Kong Baptist University and The Air Force General Hospital of PLA
Type: | Journal: Experimental & molecular medicine | Year: 2014

Dysregulated microRNA (miRNA) expression has a critical role in tumor development and metastasis. However, the mechanism by which miRNAs control melanoma metastasis is unknown. Here, we report reduced miR-98 expression in melanoma tissues with increasing tumor stage as well as metastasis; its expression is also negatively associated with melanoma patient survival. Furthermore, we demonstrate that miR-98 inhibits melanoma cell migration in vitro as well as metastatic tumor size in vivo. We also found that IL-6 is a target gene of miR-98, and IL-6 represses miR-98 levels via the Stat3-NF-B-lin28B pathway. In an in vivo melanoma model, we demonstrate that miR-98 reduces melanoma metastasis and increases survival in part by reducing IL-6 levels; it also decreases Stat3 and p65 phosphorylation as well as lin28B mRNA levels. These results suggest that miR-98 inhibits melanoma metastasis in part through a novel miR-98-IL-6-negative feedback loop.


Qiao L.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | Xu C.,Air Force Research Lab | Li X.,Air Force General Hospital | Li F.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | Liu W.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

A total of 440 patients from 10 studies were included in a systematic review to evaluate the association between improved survivals from multiple organ dysfunction syndromes in patients undergoing surgical operation. Health Inter Network Initiatives (HINARI), MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched. Exclusion criteria were duplicate publications, non-human experimental studies, and no mortality data. The primary endpoint was postoperative mortality. Levosimendan was found to be associated with a reduction in postoperative mortality (11/235 [4.7%] in the levosimendan group v 26/205 [12.7%] in the control, odds ratio of 0.35 [0.18-0.71], P for effect as 0.003, P for heterogeneity 0.22, and I2as 27.4% (440 patients included), cardiac troponin release, and atrial fibrillation. No difference was found in terms of myocardial infarction, acute renal failure, time on mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit, and hospital stay. Calcium-sensitizer for congestive heart failure; Levosimendan has cardioprotective effects that could result in a reduced operative mortality. © 2015, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.


Qiao L.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | Mei Z.,Air Force Research Lab | Yang Z.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | Li X.,Air Force General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy | Year: 2016

Previous studies suggest that apoptosis of carcinoma cells led by photodynamics is mainly intrinsic apoptosis, but whether the extrinsic pathway is involved in the treatment of carcinoma by photodynamic therapy is not confirmed. This research investigated the effect of ALA-PDT on the proliferation and apoptosis of SCC cell A431 and COLO-16, and discussed the role played by JAK/STAT3 signal pathway in this process. Our data showed that the expression levels STAT3 and p-STAT3 protein in the cancer tissue are higher than the corresponding adjacent tissue to carcinoma. The expression level of p-STAT3 in cancerous tissue has a correlation with the tumor size and tissue histopathological differentiation. ALA-PDT could inhibit proliferation of A431 and COLO-16 cells, STAT3 knock down could enhance ALA-PDT's inhibition of cell proliferation, and promote apoptosis induced by ALA-PDT. On the other hand, overexpression of STAT3 has the opposite effect. In addition, ALA-PDT can weaken the protein expression of STAT3 and its target gene Bcl-2 mRNA, and ALA-PDT can strengthen the protein expression of STAT3's target gene Bax mRNA. Overexpression of STAT3 can offset the effect on Bcl-2 and Bax by ALA-PDT; on the other hand, STAT3 knocking down can strengthen ALA-PDT's effect on Bcl-2 and Bax. © 2016 .


Qiao L.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Qiao L.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | Xu C.,Air Force Research Lab | Li Q.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | And 4 more authors.
Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy | Year: 2016

5-Aminolaevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) has been used for part of squamous cell carcinoma (premalignant conditions or in situ cutaneous SCC-Bowen disease). However, mechanism of ALA-PDT is not fully understood yet on the cell apoptosis pathway. The aim of this study was to further investigate the effect and mechanism of 5-ALA-PDT on human squamous carcinoma A431cells. Apoptosis and cell viability after PDT were evaluated using Annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection kit and MTT assay. The mRNA and protein levels were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Our data showed that 5-ALA-PDT significantly inhibited cell proliferation (p< 0.05), but there was no significant difference when the photosensitizer reached to 4.8 mM. The inhibition in cell proliferation after 5-ALA-PDT treatment was correlated to more cells being arrested in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle (p < 0.01). Immunocytochemical observations using anti-active caspase-3 antibodies showed active caspase-3 was translocated from cytoplasm to nuclear during apoptosis. STAT3 and its downstream gene Bax and BCL-2 were changed after 5-ALA-PDT treatment for the mRNA and protein expression. Our studies confirmed that 5-ALA-PDT might be an effective treatment for human squamous carcinoma by inhibiting the tumor cell A431growth and for the first time demonstrated that the expression of STAT3 was significantly reduced at 24 h after 5-ALA-PDT treatment. © 2016.


PubMed | The Air Force General Hospital of PLA, Air Force General Hospital and Air Force Research Lab
Type: | Journal: Photodiagnosis and photodynamic therapy | Year: 2016

Previous studies suggest that apoptosis of carcinoma cells led by photodynamics is mainly intrinsic apoptosis, but whether the extrinsic pathway is involved in the treatment of carcinoma by photodynamic therapy is not confirmed. This research investigated the effect of ALA-PDT on the proliferation and apoptosis of SCC cell A431 and COLO-16, and discussed the role played by JAK/STAT3 signal pathway in this process. Our data showed that the expression levels STAT3 and p-STAT3 protein in the cancer tissue are higher than the corresponding adjacent tissue to carcinoma. The expression level of p-STAT3 in cancerous tissue has a correlation with the tumor size and tissue histopathological differentiation. ALA-PDT could inhibit proliferation of A431 and COLO-16 cells, STAT3 knock down could enhance ALA-PDTs inhibition of cell proliferation, and promote apoptosis induced by ALA-PDT. On the other hand, overexpression of STAT3 has the opposite effect. In addition, ALA-PDT can weaken the protein expression of STAT3 and its target gene Bcl-2 mRNA, and ALA-PDT can strengthen the protein expression of STAT3s target gene Bax mRNA. Overexpression of STAT3 can offset the effect on Bcl-2 and Bax by ALA-PDT; on the other hand, STAT3 knocking down can strengthen ALA-PDTs effect on Bcl-2 and Bax.


PubMed | The Air Force General Hospital of PLA, Air Force General Hospital, PLA Fourth Military Medical University and Air Force Research Lab
Type: | Journal: Photodiagnosis and photodynamic therapy | Year: 2016

5-Aminolaevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) has been used for part of squamous cell carcinoma (premalignant conditions or in situ cutaneous SCC-Bowen disease). However, mechanism of ALA-PDT is not fully understood yet on the cell apoptosis pathway. The aim of this study was to further investigate the effect and mechanism of 5-ALA-PDT on human squamous carcinoma A431cells. Apoptosis and cell viability after PDT were evaluated using Annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection kit and MTT assay. The mRNA and protein levels were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Our data showed that 5-ALA-PDT significantly inhibited cell proliferation (p<0.05), but there was no significant difference when the photosensitizer reached to 4.8mM. The inhibition in cell proliferation after 5-ALA-PDT treatment was correlated to more cells being arrested in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle (p<0.01). Immunocytochemical observations using anti-active caspase-3 antibodies showed active caspase-3 was translocated from cytoplasm to nuclear during apoptosis. STAT3 and its downstream gene Bax and BCL-2 were changed after 5-ALA-PDT treatment for the mRNA and protein expression. Our studies confirmed that 5-ALA-PDT might be an effective treatment for human squamous carcinoma by inhibiting the tumor cell A431growth and for the first time demonstrated that the expression of STAT3 was significantly reduced at 24h after 5-ALA-PDT treatment.


Zhang P.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Zhang P.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | Liu W.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Liu W.,The Air Force General Hospital of PLA | And 4 more authors.
BMB Reports | Year: 2013

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) plays an indispensable role in epidermal pigmentation in hyperpigmentary disorders due to a central role in melanogenesis. Nevertheless, precise mechanism involved in ET-1-induced hyperpigmentation is still undefined. Glycoprotein (transmembrane) non-metastatic melanoma protein b (GPNMB) is a key element in melanosome formation. Therefore, we speculated that GPNMB was correlated with ET-1-induced pigmentation. After culturing with ET-1, melanin synthesis was significantly up-regulated, accompanying with increased expression of GPNMB and microphthalmia- associated transcription factor (MITF). Total number of melanosomes and melanin synthesis were sharply reduced via GPNMB-siRNA transfection, indicating ET-1-induced pigmentation by GPNMB-dependent manner. Furthermore, MITFsiRNA transfection strikingly inhibited GPNMB expression and the melanogenesis, and this suppression failed to be alleviated by ET-1 stimulation. All of these results demonstrated that ET-1 can trigger melanogenesis via the MITF-regulated GPNMB pathway. Taken together, these findings will provide a new explanation of how ET-1 induces hyperpigmentation, and possibly supply a new strategy for cosmetic studies.


PubMed | The Air Force General Hospital of PLA, Symrise Co. Lt and PLA Fourth Military Medical University
Type: | Journal: International journal of cosmetic science | Year: 2016

Phenoxyethanol is a widely used preservative in personal care products. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) on cell membrane is activated by TRPV1 agonist capsaicin resulting in an opening of the channel for calcium influx, which is linked with neurosensory sensations characterized by itching, burning and stinging of skin. Whether uncomfortable skin sensations caused by phenoxyethanol claimed by people having sensitive skin are also due to activation of TRPV1 has not been reported in the literature.The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the TRPV1 is involved in the induction of itching and burning sensation by phenoxyethanol.The effect of phenoxyethanol on TRPV1 was assessed in vitro on HaCaT cells. The activation of TRPV1 and its inhibition by a TRPV1 antagonist were evaluated by cellular calcium influx. TRPV1 protein expression was also investigated by Western blot. In vivo in a split-face study, phenoxyethanol formulated at 1% was compared to a formulation additionally containing a TRPV1 antagonist. By applying the formulations to the nasolabial fold, the scores of phenoxyethanol-induced sensations were compared to those of the TRPV1 antagonist.In vitro phenoxyethanol induced calcium influx in HaCaT cells in a dose-dependent manner after 20 min. This effect was abolished by a solution containing the TRPV1 antagonist trans-tert-butyl cyclohexanol (ID1609). Phenoxyethanol had no effect on the expression of TRPV1, whereas capsaicin caused a significant downregulation of this receptor in the same experiment. In vivo 1% phenoxyethanol induced a skin burning and itching sensation in a cohort of 60 of 243 Chinese female subjects being sensitive to phenoxyethanol discomfort. The uncomfortable skin sensations were significantly inhibited by ID1609.Different to capsaicin, phenoxyethanol did not downregulate the expression of TRPV1 in HaCaT cells, suggesting that different regulatory mechanisms may exist for capsaicin and phenoxyethanol. Our experiments demonstrated that phenoxyethanol induces skin misperception and uncomfortable skin sensations like itching and burning comparable to capsaicin via activating TRPV1. The stimulation was inhibited by blocking TRPV1 with ID1609. The present data strengthened hitherto studies that TRPV1 plays a critical role in sensitive skin.

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