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Duchi S.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Ovadia H.,The Agnes Ginges Center for Human Neurogenetics | Touitou E.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Journal of Neuroimmunology | Year: 2013

We investigated the efficiency of nasal drug administration as a new non-invasive treatment strategy for MS. Glatiramer Acetate (GA) and GA-Cannabidiol (CBD) combination administered in nasal delivery system (NDS) resulted in a statistically significant decrease of clinical scores and inflammatory cytokine expression in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice. Even a suboptimal dose of Prednisolone in NDS was effective in preventing the clinical signs of the disease. Neuron regeneration was observed in the hippocampus of EAE mice treated with GA-CBD in NDS. This work shows that nasal administration improved drug efficiency and stimulates further research for a non-invasive strategy for MS. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Friedman-Levi Y.,The Agnes Ginges Center for Human Neurogenetics | Meiner Z.,The Agnes Ginges Center for Human Neurogenetics | Canello T.,The Agnes Ginges Center for Human Neurogenetics | Frid K.,The Agnes Ginges Center for Human Neurogenetics | And 4 more authors.
PLoS Pathogens | Year: 2011

Genetic prion diseases are late onset fatal neurodegenerative disorders linked to pathogenic mutations in the prion protein-encoding gene, PRNP. The most prevalent of these is the substitution of Glutamate for Lysine at codon 200 (E200K), causing genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (gCJD) in several clusters, including Jews of Libyan origin. Investigating the pathogenesis of genetic CJD, as well as developing prophylactic treatments for young asymptomatic carriers of this and other PrP mutations, may well depend upon the availability of appropriate animal models in which long term treatments can be evaluated for efficacy and toxicity. Here we present the first effective mouse model for E200KCJD, which expresses chimeric mouse/human (TgMHu2M) E199KPrP on both a null and a wt PrP background, as is the case for heterozygous patients and carriers. Mice from both lines suffered from distinct neurological symptoms as early as 5-6 month of age and deteriorated to death several months thereafter. Histopathological examination of the brain and spinal cord revealed early gliosis and age-related intraneuronal deposition of disease-associated PrP similarly to human E200K gCJD. Concomitantly we detected aggregated, proteinase K resistant, truncated and oxidized PrP forms on immunoblots. Inoculation of brain extracts from TgMHu2ME199K mice readily induced, the first time for any mutant prion transgenic model, a distinct fatal prion disease in wt mice. We believe that these mice may serve as an ideal platform for the investigation of the pathogenesis of genetic prion disease and thus for the monitoring of anti-prion treatments. © 2011 Friedman-Levi et al. Source

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