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PubMed | Imperial College London, The 180th Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College, Chongqing Medical University and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Gut | Year: 2017

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is an extreme condition after severe acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B; however, the underlying genetic factors involved in its onset and progression are currently unclear.We carried out a genome-wide association study among 399 HBV-related ACLFs (cases) and 401 asymptomatic HBV carriers (AsCs, as controls) without antiviral treatment. The initial findings were replicated in four independent case-control sets (a total of 901 ACLFs and 1686 AsCs). The roles of risk variants on clinical traits of ACLF were also analysed.Among 1300 ACLFs and 2087 AsCs, we identified rs3129859 at human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II region (chromosome 6p21.32) associated with HBV-related ACLF (combined POur genome-wide association study identified HLA-DR as the major locus for susceptibility to HBV-related ACLF. Our findings highlight the importance of HLA class II restricted CD4+ T-cell pathway on the immunopathogenesis of HBV-related ACLF.

Li Q.,Chongqing Medical University | Xiao Y.B.,The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College | Liang Z.G.,The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College | Chen J.Y.,Chongqing Medical University | Wang Z.B.,Chongqing Medical University
Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology | Year: 2012

This study investigates the enhancement effects of iodized oil and the features of hyperechoic focus changes in a target region of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablated uterine fibroids. Leiomyomas in the experimental group of 20 randomly assigned patients were ablated by HIFU under certain parameters 30 min after 1 mL of iodized oil was injected into the center of the myomas. The value of the gray scale and its area were observed by B-mode ultrasound in the target region and were carefully recorded at 0, 2, 4, and 5 min, respectively, after HIFU ablation. The samples were sectioned successively in a thickness of 1∼2 mm and stained by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride solution within 1 h after HIFU ablation. The TTC non-staining volumes were measured afterwards. All procedures in the control group of the other 20 randomly assigned patients were the same except that iodized oil was replaced by physiologic saline. The hyperechoic areas in the target region were observed in all fibroids of both groups. Compared with the control group, the gray scale values in the target region of the experimental group were higher 4 min after HIFU ablation. The enhanced gray scale area in the target region and the 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride non-staining volumes in the experimental group were bigger. Based on our experience, HIFU sonication of leiomyomas injected with iodized oil produces hyperechoic foci that are greater than areas injected with saline. More studies are required to understand the clinical implications of these observations. © 2012 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.

Cheng C.,Chongqing Medical University | Jiang L.,Chongqing Medical University | Yang Y.,Chongqing Medical University | Wu H.,The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College | And 2 more authors.
Translational Stroke Research | Year: 2015

High mortality following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) occurs in the early phase, but the underlying mechanism of early brain injury (EBI) in aSAH was less elucidated. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes and early cerebral perfusion after aSAH. We collected venous blood of aSAH patients on admission for APOE genotype identification, applying computed tomography perfusion (CTP) scanning within 24 h after onset. The CTP parameters between patients with different APOE genotypes were compared. Then, a positive item was chosen for separate uni- and multivariate logistic regression analyses to seek its risk factors. Our results showed mean transit time (MTT) rather than other parameters was significantly longer in patients with the APOEε4 allele, compared to those without APOEε4 (6.45 ± 1.17 versus 5.83 ± 0.84 s, P = 0.019). APOEε4 acted as an independent risk factor for MTT prolongation (>5.9 s) in uni- (P = 0.031, OR = 3.960, 95 % CI = 1.131–13.863) and multivariate (P = 0.019, OR = 9.822, 95 % CI = 1.458–66.193) logistic regression analyses, respectively. APOEε4 may induce cerebral perfusion impairment in the early phase, contributing to EBI following aSAH, and assessment of APOE genotypes could serve as a useful tool in the prognostic evaluation and therapeutic management of aSAH. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

PubMed | Shenzhen University and the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
Type: | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2017

The pathogenesis of oral-intestinal allergy syndrome (OIAS) has not been well understood. Published data indicate that galectin (Gal) 1 has immune regulatory functions. This study tests a hypothesis that Gal1 inhibits oral-intestinal allergy syndrome.Mice were sensitized to peanut extracts (PE) via the buccal mucosa with or without using Gal1 together.Upon re-exposure to specific antigen, the OIAS mice showed the systemic allergic response, the oral allergic reactions, and intestinal allergic inflammation, including increases in serum histamine, drop of the core temperature, higher levels of PE-specific IgE and interleukin (IL)-4. Increases in mast cell and eosinophil in the oral mucosa and intestinal mucosa were also observed. The OIAS was inhibited by co-administration with Gal1 via a mechanism of suppressing micro RNA (miR)-98 and reversing the expression of IL-10 in CD14+ cells in the intestine.The OIAS can be induced by applying specific antigens to the oral mucosa, which can be inhibited by co-administration with Gal1.

Zhang Y.,The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2010

This study was aimed to detect the CD3(+) count, ratio of CD3(+)/CD30(+) T-lymphocytes, the apoptosis rate of activated T-lymphocytes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and the circulating platelet counts in patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), and to investigate the relationship between them. 40 cases of chronic ITP patients were taken as the research group and 24 healthy persons were served as the control group. The CD3 count, ratio of CD3/CD30 T-lymphocytes and the apoptosis rate of activated T-lymphocytes were detected by flow cytometry, the platelet count was measured at the same time. The difference between 2 groups and correlation of the activated T lymphocyte CD30 expression rate with apoptotic rate and platelet count in patients were analysed. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the count of peripheral blood CD3(+) cell between the research group and the control group (p > 0.05). The expression of CD30 on activated T-lymphocytes in ITP group was obviously higher than that in control group (p < 0.01). The apoptosis rate of activated T-lymphocyte in ITP group was remarkably lower than that in control group (p < 0.01). The expression of CD30 on activated T-lymphocyte exhibited a negative correlation with the apoptosis rate (r = -0.786, p < 0.01). The apoptosis rate of activated T-lymphocyte was positively correlated with the platelet count of peripheral blood (r = 0.680, p < 0.01). It is concluded that the high expression of CD30 on activated T-lymphocytes in patients with chronic ITP results in the inhibition of apoptosis, which leads to immune disorder and thrombocytopenia.

Sun G.F.,the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] | Year: 2012

To explore the influence of Free-skin-grafted penoscrotal avulsion injuries on spermatogenesis. Forty-two male New Zealand albino rabbits during child-bearing period were divided into the experimental group (n = 24) and the control group (n = 18) using random digits table, and 24 female rabbits with reproductive history were used for mating experiment. The experimental group animal's scrotum skin were excised, and the split skin from abdominal region was used to repair the skin defect of scrotum. The control group did not any processing. Six rabbits were randomly chosen respectively in control group and on the 3rd and 8th weekend after the model was successfully established in experimental group. The testicular surface temperature was measured in the eighteen rabbits using the method of burying thermometer, then the testicular biopsy were performed for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. On the 8(th) weekend after the model was successfully established in experimental group, matched-pair feed was performed in the other 12 rabbits respectively in experimental group and in control group. Observation of corresponding mother rabbit fertility. Three patients of penoscrotal avulsion injuries were treated using split skin grafts, and the information of sex life and the quality of sperm were obtained by follow up. The testicular surface temperature was similar on the 3rd and 8th weekend after the model was successfully established in experimental group [(36.15 ± 0.24)°C, (36.77 ± 0.42)°C] with that of the control group. Testis tissue (HE) staining showed the tier of spermatogenic cells was rule arrangement and lot of mature sperms were found in the convoluted seminiferous tubules in control group. The tier of spermatogenic cells was diminished and disposed derangement, the spermatozoa were not seen on the 3(th) weekend of the experiment group. The tier of spermatogenic cells was increased and some spermatozoa were seen on the 8th weekend of the experiment group. Male and female matched-pair feed showed the experimental group conception rate 8/12, and 4.1 ± 3.2 rabbit babies were born averagely, while that of was 12/12 and 6.0 ± 1.3 in control group (P > 0.05). The skin grafts there were some contracture in early stage (1 - 2 months) when the skin grafts applied to repair the avulsing scrotum in three patients. But the skin grafts became loose with downward sagging and there were the good cosmetic result in one year, and without any contracture. The sperm quality was normal after the skin grafts applied to repair the avulsing scrotum in the late stage. The skin grafting is little arrest the testicle spermatogenesis in the three methods (skin flap reconstruction scrotum, testicle buried, split skin grafting) that have usually been used to repair scrotum skin lose. For a young male, the best treatment for penoscrotal avulsion injuries is free skin grafting, while skin flaps are not recommended for reconstructing the scrotum.

Wei Y.,The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology | Year: 2011

An improved tracheal intubation method was used in preparation of myocardial infarction model in the mouse for increasing the success rate. The mice were intubated by an improved trachea cannula through oral cavity. The left anterior thoracotomy performed. The myocardial infarction model was made by legating the left anterior descending coronary artery in mouse. The color of heart was observed, and electrocardiogram was recorded. The survival rate and pathologic change were observed after two weeks of operation. 40 myocardial infarction model mice were made by improved trachea cannula. The color of ventricles anterior wall had got madder red, and ST stages were raised on II leads of electrocardiogram in all of model mice. After two weeks, 27 mice were survival. The survival rate was 87.1% except for accidental death during operation. The heart chamber expanded and ventricular wall became thin in myocardial infarction mice by eyes. After pathological sections were stained, by HE cardiac muscle fibers ruptured or lysed. There were some of necrosis of myocardiac cells and many of infiltration of inflammatory cells. Application of an improved tracheal intubation method simplified operation of tracheal intubation during preparation of myocardial infarction model in the mouse. The trauma was tinier than the other one, and achievement ratio of the model preparation was improved.

Yan Z.P.,the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban | Year: 2011

To study the correlation between rhubarb and expressions of antimicrobial peptides (AP) in the small intestine of mice by observing the effect of rhubarb on it. Thirty healthy ICR mice were randomly divided into the test group and the control group, fifteen in each. Ten percent rhubarb decoction and equal volume of normal saline solution was respectively given to mice of the two groups by gastrogavage. Mice were sacrificed 24 h later. The small intestines from the ligament of Treitz to the ileocecal junction were removed by ventrotomy. The lumen of each resected intestine was rinsed with 10% acetic acid solution and the perfusate was collected. The small intestine homogenate was prepared using 30% acetic acid solution. The equivalent samples were electrophoresed on 12.5% AU-PAGE and Tricine-16.5% SDS-PAGE, and peptide bands were visualized with Coomassie brilliant blue R-250 or ammoniacal silver-stained respectively. And then analysis of gel imaging and gel overlay assay were performed. The bactericidal activity and expressions of AP in the small intestine of samples in the two groups were compared. The molecular weight of AP in the small intestine was measured. After gastrogavaged with rhubarb decoction, changes of AP contents in the small intestine homogenate of mice were not obvious, but the molecular weights of AP were different. But the AP contents in the small intestine perfusate obviously increased, with the molecular weights being 14.3 to 18.4 kDa. But its bactericidal capacity showed no statistical difference when compared with that of the control group (P>0.05). Rhubarb enhanced the expressions of partial APs in the small intestine, which might possibly be one of its mechanisms of protecting and strengthening the intestinal barrier.

Qian G.,the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji | Year: 2011

Dehydrins (DHNs), proteins with protective functions encoded by the late embryogenesis abundant (LEA), are differentially up-regulated at the transcriptional level under environmental stresses such as water deficit, salinity, and low temperature or in response to ABA. Data involving protein structure and expression of dehydrins could elucidate their functional roles under dehydration conditions in plants. Dhn6 gene of 1767 bp with an intron (92 bp) in six-rowed barley, a member of LEA D11, was cloned into pMD18-T vector in the present study. It shared 93.18% identity with Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare (GenBank accession: AF043091), encoding a protein composed of 523 amino acid residues with the predicted molecular weight of 49.68 kDa and the theoretical isoelectric point of 8.04. Analyses of domain and structure indicated that the protein was dominantly composed of 83% hydrophillic amino acid residues, with numerous imperative curls and three loosed helixes. Three-dimensional measurement revealed that the water-soluble lipid-associating protein was attributed to its twisted cable formed by reverse paralleled chains. Moreover, the putative amphipathic α-helices formed by K-segments might play roles in protecting membrane structure in barley. Significantly, relatively high accumulations of Dhn6 gene were detected after 8 h of water deficit by real-time quantitative RT-PCR. These results possibly suggested that the accumulation of Dhn6 gene could be critical for resistant dehydration in plants.

Sun G.F.,The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology | Year: 2010

To explore the temperature change at the testis surface, apoptosis of spermatogenous cells and the expression of the heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) after scrotal reconstruction with the skin flap. We included 36 healthy New Zealand white rabbits, 24 males and 12 females, in this study, and equally randomized the males into an experimental and a control group. The scrotal of the experimental rabbits were excised and reconstructed with the hypogastric flap, while the controls were left untreated. At the end of the 8th week after surgery, 6 animals were randomly taken from each of the two groups for measurement of the testis surface temperature and testicular biopsy. The apoptosis of spermatogenous cells in the testis tissues was detected by HE staining, and the expression of HSP70 determined by immunohistochemistry and imaging analysis. The other 6 animals exempt from testicular biopsy in each of the experimental and control groups were mated with the female rabbits, and observed for fertility. At the end of the 8th week after scrotal reconstruction, the testicular surface temperature was (38.1 +/- 0.6) degrees C in the experimental group, significantly higher than (36.0 +/- 0.30) degrees C before surgery (P < 0.05), and the apoptosis index (AI) of the spermatogenous cells was (71.85 +/- 2.7) %, as compared with (7.73 +/- 4.95) % in the control group (P < 0.05). The expression of HSP70 was found mainly in the spermatogenous cells of the experimental group and in the spermatoblasts of the control. A total of 6.0 +/- 1.3 baby rabbits were born in the control group, but none in the experimental group (P < 0.05). The testicular surface temperature rises after scrotal reconstruction with the hypogastric flap, which increases the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells and causes infertility. HSP70 is involved in protecting spermatogenic cells from apoptosis after scrotal reconstruction.

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