The 88th Hospital of the Chinese PLA

Taian, China

The 88th Hospital of the Chinese PLA

Taian, China
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Li D.-Z.,The 89th Hospital of The Chinese PLA | Zhang Q.-X.,The 148th Hospital of The Chinese PLA | Dong X.-X.,The 89th Hospital of The Chinese PLA | Li H.-D.,The 88th Hospital of The Chinese PLA | Ma X.,PLA Air Force Aviation University
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism | Year: 2013

The bone protective effects of the hydrogen molecule (H2) have been demonstrated in several osteoporosis models while the underlying molecular mechanism has remained unclear. Osteoclast differentiation is an important factor related to the pathogenesis of bone-loss related diseases. In this work, we evaluated the effects of incubation with H2 on receptor activator of NFκB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation. We found that treatment with H2 prevented RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation in RAW264.7 cells and BMMs. Treatment with H2 inhibits the ability to form resorption pits of BMMs stimulated by RANKL. Treatment with H2 reduced mRNA levels of osteoclast-specific markers including tartrate resistant acid phosphatase, calcitonin receptor, cathepsin K, metalloproteinase-9, carbonic anhydrase typeII, and vacuolar-type H+-ATPase. Treatment with H2 decreased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, suppressed NADPH oxidase activity, down-regulated Rac1 activity and Nox1 expression, reduced mitochondrial ROS formation, and enhanced nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 nuclear translocation and heme oxygenase-1 activity. In addition, treatment with H2 suppressed RANKL-induced expression of nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 and c-Fos. Furthermore, treatment with H2 suppressed NF-κB activation and reduced phosphorylation of p38, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, c-Jun-N-terminal kinase, and protein kinases B (AKT) stimulated with RANKL. In conclusion, hydrogen molecules prevented RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation associated with inhibition of reactive oxygen species formation and inactivation of NF-κB, mitogen-activated protein kinase and AKT pathways. © 2013 The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer Japan.


Li H.-D.,The 88th Hospital of the Chinese PLA | Zhang Q.-X.,The 148th Hospital of the Chinese PLA | Mao Z.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Xu X.-J.,The Affiliated Hospital of Taishan Medical College | And 2 more authors.
Experimental Physiology | Year: 2015

New Findings: What is the central question of this study? It is not known whether treatment with interleukin-10 (IL-10) attenuates hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury in mice. What is the main finding and its importance? Our results showed that exogenous IL-10 treatment alleviated hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury in mice, possibly by regulating neutrophil recruitment and the subsequent generation of cytokines, nitric oxide and matrix metalloproteinases. Lung injury caused by breathing air enriched with oxygen continues to be a major problem in clinical medicine. Here, we investigated the therapeutic role of interleukin-10 (IL-10) in hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury in mice. In the first experiment, mice were exposed to room air or 95% O2 and treated with IL-10 simultaneously. In the second experiment, wild-type mice and IL-10-/- mice were exposed to room air or 95% O2. Exogenous IL-10 treatment attenuated hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury, evidenced by a reduced ratio of lung weight to body weight, ratio of lung wet weight to dry weight, cell numbers and protein content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and cell death. Interleukin-10 treatment markedly prolonged the survival of mice during oxygen exposure. Interleukin-10 treatment reduced the activity of myeloperoxidase and mRNA levels of interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor-α and macrophage inflammatory protein 2, suppressed nuclear factor-κB activation and decreased inducible nitric oxide synthnase expression and nitric oxide formation in lungs of mice exposed to hyperoxia. Interleukin-10 treatment suppressed activities of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and matrix metalloproteinase 9 and reduced lung permeability in mice during oxygen exposure. Furthermore, absence of IL-10 aggravated hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury and reduced the duration of survival of mice during oxygen exposure, which was attenuated by treatment with IL-10. In conclusion, our results show that exogenous IL-10 treatment alleviates hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury in mice, possibly by regulating neutrophil recruitment and the subsequent generation of cytokines, nitric oxide and matrix metalloproteinases. This suggests that IL-10 treatment may be a promising therapeutic strategy to reduce lung injury in patients exposed to hyperoxia. © 2014 The Physiological Society.


He D.,Chongqing Medical University | He D.,The 88th Hospital of the Chinese PLA | Guo S.,Chongqing Medical University | Chen W.,Chongqing Medical University | And 8 more authors.
BMC Infectious Diseases | Year: 2013

Background: Hepatitis B e Antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients have an active liver disease with a high risk of progression to decompensated cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The management strategy for HBeAg-negative CHB patients treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUCs) is a topic of concern. To observe the outcomes for this population after NUCs withdrawal, HBeAg-negative CHB patients with loss of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or sustained undetectable HBV DNA levels who had discontinued NUCs therapy were included in the study.Methods: A total of 66 patients (2 patients with HBsAg loss and 64 patients with sustained undetectable HBV DNA levels) were examined. HBV DNA levels and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels were monitored regularly after discontinuation of NUCs therapy. Relapse was defined as HBV DNA levels >2,000 IU/mL while off therapy in at least two determinations more than 4 weeks apart.Results: The time to achieve undetectable HBV DNA levels was 14 weeks (interquartile range (IQR): 12-24 weeks). The time until consolidation therapy was 144 weeks (IQR: 96-168 weeks). No relapses occurred in either of the HBsAg loss patients. Among the 64 patients with undetectable HBV DNA levels, 19 (29.7%) patients demonstrated evidence of relapse. All the relapses occurred within 96 weeks after discontinuation. The median duration of relapse was 36 weeks (IQR: 12-48 weeks). Elevation of HBV DNA and ALT levels over baseline was only observed in 10% of the relapse patients. There were no significant differences among the baseline characteristics (sex, HBV genotype, age, or ALT level) or the time until consolidation therapy between relapse and sustained-response patients.Conclusions: NUC discontinuation is feasible after achieving undetectable HBV DNA levels in HBeAg-negative CHB patients. Prolonging the time until consolidation therapy may be a good strategy to decrease the rate of relapse. More than 96 weeks of sustained response is a predictive marker of long-term sustained response. © 2013 He et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


He D.,Chongqing Medical University | He D.,The 88th Hospital of the Chinese PLA | Guo S.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhu P.,Chongqing Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2014

Nucleos(t)ide analogue (NUC) resistance is an important clinical risk resulting from long-term therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) management. Discontinuation of NUCs is a feasible strategy to reduce resistance. We aimed to observe the outcomes after NUC withdrawal in HBeAg-positive CHB patients. A total of 97 patients (11 patients with HBsAg loss and 86 patients with sustained HBeAg seroconversion) were enrolled. HBV DNA levels and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels were monitored regularly after discontinuation. Relapse was defined as HBV DNA levels >2000 IU/mL in at least two determinations more than 4 weeks apart. HBeAg seroconversion was achieved within 48 weeks (interquartile range (IQR), 24-72 weeks). The time on consolidation therapy was 96 weeks (IQR, 84-144 weeks). No relapses occurred for HBsAg loss patients. Evidence of relapse was observed in 9.3% of HBeAg seroconversion patients. All relapse cases occurred within 48 weeks after discontinuation. The time to relapse was 33 ± 15 weeks. Elevation of HBV DNA and ALT levels over baseline were only observed in 12.5% of relapse patients. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics (sex, HBV genotype, age or ALT levels) or time on consolidation therapy between patients with relapse or sustained response. NUC discontinuation in HBeAg-positive CHB patients is feasible after achieving HBeAg seroconversion at a minimum of 24 weeks. There is further benefit to prolonging the time on consolidation therapy to reduce relapse. More than 48 weeks of sustained response is a predictive marker for long-term sustained response. © 2014 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

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