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Yang Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhong L.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhong S.,Chongqing Medical University | Xian R.,The 476th Hospital of PLA | Yuan B.,The 476th Hospital of PLA
Experimental and Molecular Pathology | Year: 2015

Much evidence demonstrated that autophagy played an important role in neural inflammation response after ischemia stroke. However, the specific effect of microglia autophagy in cerebral ischemia is still unknown. In the current study, we constructed focal cerebral ischemia model by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) in mice. We detected microglia autophagy and inflammation response in vivo, and observed infarct brain areas, edema formation, and neurological deficits of mice. We found that pMCAO induced microglia autophagy and inflammatory response. The suppression of autophagy using either pharmacologic inhibitor (3-MA) not only decreased the microglia autophagy and inflammatory response, but also significantly decreased infarct size, edema formation and neurological deficits in vivo. Taken together, these results suggested that cerebral ischemia induced microglia autophagy contributed to ischemic neural inflammation and injury. In addition, our findings also provided novel therapeutic strategy for ischemic stroke. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source


Yang Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhong L.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhong S.,Chongqing Medical University | Xian R.,The 476th Hospital of PLA | Yuan B.,The 476th Hospital of PLA
Molecular Immunology | Year: 2015

Much evidence demonstrates that microglia mediated inflammatory responses play an important role in brain injury in ischemia. miRNA is the important factor in regulation of inflammation. However, the effect of miRNA in microglia mediated inflammatory responses has not been well studied. In the study, we demonstrate that miR-203 negatively regulates ischemia induced microglia activation by targeting MyD88, an important adapter protein involved in most Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) pathways. Through negative feedback, enforced expression of miR-203 or MyD88 siRNA silencing inhibits downstream NF-κβ signaling and microglia activation, thereby alleviating neuronal injury. These findings reveal that miR-203 represents a novel target regulating neuroinflammation and brain injury, thus offering a new therapeutical strategy for cerebral hypoxic diseases. © 2015. Source


Yang Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhong L.,Chongqing Medical University | Xian R.,The 476th Hospital of PLA | Yuan B.,The 476th Hospital of PLA
Molecular Immunology | Year: 2015

NLRP3 inflammasome, the multimeric protein complexes involved in the processing of IL-1β through Caspase-1 cleavage, facilitates the inflammatory response. The control and activation of NLRP3 after intracerebral hemorrhage have not been fully studied. In the current study, we explore the specific microRNA which could regulate the NLRP3 inflammasome and inflammation after intracerebral hemorrhage. We detected the inverse relationship between the expression of miR-223 and NLRP3. We found that NLRP3 mRNA contains conserved miR-223 binding sites in its 3' UTR, and miR-223 could directly regulate NLRP3 expression through these 3' UTR sites. Our results indicate that miR-223 could downregulate NLRP3 to inhibit inflammation through caspase-1 and IL-1β, reduce brain edema and improve neurological functions. Together, miR-223 may be a vital regulator of NLRP3 inflammasome activation. The results suggest that miR-223 represents a novel target reducing the inflammatory response, and offers a new therapeutical strategy following ICH. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source


Yuan B.,The 476th Hospital of PLA | Zhao L.,Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Command | Fu F.,The 476th Hospital of PLA | Liu Y.,The 476th Hospital of PLA | And 4 more authors.
Molecular Immunology | Year: 2014

Accumulative evidence demonstrates that multiple sclerosis (MS) is caused by activation of myelin Ag-reactive CD4+ T cells. Therefore, the CD4+ T cells specific for myelin Ag may be the important therapeutical target of MS. The novel coinhibitory receptor B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) may have a regulatory role in maintaining peripheral tolerance, however, its role in MS is still unknown. In this study, a novel nanoparticle containing MOG peptide with BTLA was designed and transduced into dendritic cells (DCs), and MOG peptide-induced EAE mice were adminstrated with the genetically modified DCs in vivo. The results demonstrated that modified DCs significantly enhanced the proportion of Foxp3+ CD4+ regulatory T cells, increased IL-10 and TGF-β cytokine secretion, while decreased IL-2 and IFN-γ cytokine secretion. Furthermore, modified DCs supressed the CD4+ T cell response to MOG, cell infiltration into spinal cord, and the severity of EAE. In contrast, immune response to irrelevant exogenous Ag was not impaired by treatment with modified DCs. These findings suggested that DCs transduced with nanoparticle could induce specific CD4+ T-cells tolerance, which provided a promising therapeutic means to negatively manipulate immune response for autoimmune diseases without inhibition of the immune response to irrelevant Ag. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Peng W.,309th Hospital of PLA | Nan Z.,Zhejiang University | Liu Y.,The 476th Hospital of PLA | Shen H.,The 476th Hospital of PLA | And 3 more authors.
Experimental and Molecular Pathology | Year: 2014

Much evidence leads to the exploration of immunologic approaches for eliminating tumor cells. Cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 4 (CPEB4) is considered to be a novel therapeutical target for glioblastoma. In this study, we transduced DCs with CPEB4 to explore the immune response in vivo. We found that DCs transduced with recombinant adenovirus encoding CPEB4 could induce specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) to lyse glioma cells and augment the number of IFN-γ secreting T-cells in mice. In addition, the modified DCs could effectively protect mice from lethal challenges against glioma cells, reduce tumor growth and increase the mice life span. These results suggest that the DC transduced with CPEB4 may induce anti-tumor immunity against glioma cells and might be used as an efficient tumor vaccine in clinical applications. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

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