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Liu N.,Shanghai University | Liu N.,The 455th hospital of PLA | Tian J.,The 455th hospital of PLA | Cheng J.,The 455th hospital of PLA | Zhang J.,The 455th hospital of PLA
Experimental Cell Research | Year: 2013

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) preferentially migrate to the injured tissue but with limited efficiency. Here we investigated the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) treatment on the BMSC migration to the acute kidney injury (AKI) microenvironment. The possible mechanisms were also discussed. A hypoxia/re-oxygenation (HR) model of renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) was established to generate AKI in vitro, and a chemotaxis experiment was conducted using the transwell chamber. EPO treatment enhanced the BMSC migration to the HR-RTEC culturing chamber in a SDF-1 level-dependent manner, which was fully inhibited by the treatment of anti-SDF-1 antibody. The BMSC migration could also be partly blocked by LY294002 (phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor) and PD98059 (MAPK inhibitor). Western blot analysis showed that phosphorylated Akt and phosphorylated MAPK in BMSCs were enhanced by EPO treatment. In the in vivo experiment, BMSCs were transplanted into the AKI mice and EPO was subcutaneously injected. The results showed that EPO injection increased the SDF-1 protein expression and BMSC accumulation in the renal tissue, which was consistent with a decent improvement of renal function. In addition, the BMSC accumulation in the renal tissue was blocked by anti-SDF-1 antibody, LY294002 or PD98059. Our data suggest that AKI microenvironment had a directional chemotactic effect on BMSCs, which could be further enhanced by the EPO treatment. The increased SDF-1 level in the AKI microenvironment and the activations of PI3K/AKT and MAPK in BMSCs were the possible mechanisms for the effect of EPO. Therefore, BMSC transplantation combined with EPO injection can be a novel and effective approach for AKI repair. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.


Liu Y.,Nanjing University | Yu M.,Shanghai University | Zhang L.,Fudan University | Cao Q.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | And 2 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2016

Vascular dysfunction including vascular remodeling and endothelial dysfunction in hypertension often results in poor clinical outcomes and increased risk of vascular accidents. We investigate the effect of treatment with soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) on vascular dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Firstly, the aortic AGE/RAGE pathway was investigated in SHR. Secondly, SHR received intraperitoneal injections of sRAGE daily for 4 weeks. Effect of sRAGE against vascular dysfunction in SHR and underlying mechanism was investigated. SHR aortas exhibited enhanced activity of aldose reductase, reduced activity of glyoxalase 1, accumulation of methylglyoxal and AGE, and upregulated expression of RAGE. Treatment of SHR with sRAGE had no significant effect on blood pressure, but alleviated aortic hypertrophy and endothelial dysfunction. In vitro, treatment with sRAGE reversed the effect of incubation with AGE on proliferation of smooth muscle cells and endothelial function. Treatment of SHR with sRAGE abated oxidative stress, suppressed inflammation and NF-κB activation, improved the balance between Ang II and Ang-(1-7) through reducing angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and enhancing ACE2 expression, and upregulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) expression in aortas. In conclusion, treatment with sRAGE alleviated vascular adverse remodeling in SHR, possibly via suppression of oxidative stress and inflammation, improvement in RAS balance, and activation of PPAR-γ pathway. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


PubMed | Fudan University, The 455th Hospital of PLA and Shanghai University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bioscience reports | Year: 2016

A thyroid carcinoma cell line named THY28 was established through primary culture of the surgical specimens, which were derived from a Chinese patient with spinal metastasis. The cell morphology, growth kinetics, cell cycle, chromosome number, cell capability of migration, tumorigenicity and cytogenetic features of the cell line were investigated. THY28 cells were subcultured invitro for more than 50 passages with a human karyotype. The modal number of its chromosomes was mainly from 67 to 85. The doubling time of THY28 cells was 56hours. The histopathological features of xenograft induced by THY28 cells were consistent with the characteristics of thyroid cancer. The biological and molecular properties of THY28 cells were not entirely consistent with those of other thyroid carcinoma cells such as SW579 and TT cells, indicating biological differences between primary and metastatic thyroid carcinoma cell lines. We have established a novel thyroid carcinoma cell line derived from spinal metastasis, which will provide a useful model for biological or therapeutic studies of thyroid carcinoma metastasis.


PubMed | Fudan University, The 455th Hospital of PLA, Nanjing University and Shanghai University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular and cellular biochemistry | Year: 2016

Vascular dysfunction including vascular remodeling and endothelial dysfunction in hypertension often results in poor clinical outcomes and increased risk of vascular accidents. We investigate the effect of treatment with soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) on vascular dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Firstly, the aortic AGE/RAGE pathway was investigated in SHR. Secondly, SHR received intraperitoneal injections of sRAGE daily for 4weeks. Effect of sRAGE against vascular dysfunction in SHR and underlying mechanism was investigated. SHR aortas exhibited enhanced activity of aldose reductase, reduced activity of glyoxalase 1, accumulation of methylglyoxal and AGE, and upregulated expression of RAGE. Treatment of SHR with sRAGE had no significant effect on blood pressure, but alleviated aortic hypertrophy and endothelial dysfunction. In vitro, treatment with sRAGE reversed the effect of incubation with AGE on proliferation of smooth muscle cells and endothelial function. Treatment of SHR with sRAGE abated oxidative stress, suppressed inflammation and NF-B activation, improved the balance between Ang II and Ang-(1-7) through reducing angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and enhancing ACE2 expression, and upregulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-) expression in aortas. In conclusion, treatment with sRAGE alleviated vascular adverse remodeling in SHR, possibly via suppression of oxidative stress and inflammation, improvement in RAS balance, and activation of PPAR- pathway.


Liu N.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Liu N.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Patzak A.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Zhang J.,The 455th Hospital of PLA
American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology | Year: 2013

Transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can repair acute kidney injury (AKI), but with limited effect. We test the hypothesis that CXCR4 overexpression improves the repair ability of BMSCs and that this is related to increased homing of BMSCs and increased release of cytokines. Hypoxia/reoxygenation-pretreated renal tubular epithelial cells (HR-RTECs) were used. BMSCs, null- BMSCs, and CXCR4-BMSCs were cocultured with HR-RTECs. The number of migrating BMSCs was counted. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression, cell death, and expressions of cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in cocultured HR-RTECs were measured. Cytokeratin 18 (CK18) expression and cytokine secretions of the BMSCs cultured with HR-RTEC supernatant were detected. BMSC homing, renal function, proliferation, and cell death of tubular cells were assayed in the AKI mouse model. CXCR4-BMSCs showed a remarkable expression of CXCR4. Stromal cell-derived factor-1 in the HR-RTEC supernatant was increased. Migration of BMSCs was CXCR4-dependent. Proportions of CK18+ cells in BMSCs, null- BMSCs, and CXCR4-BMSCs showed no difference. However, CXCR4 overexpression in BMSCs stimulated secretion of bone morphogenetic protein-7, hepatocyte growth factor, and interleukin 10. The neutralizing anti-CXCR4 antibody AMD3100 abolished this. In cocultured HR-RTECs the proportions of PCNA+ cells and Bcl-2 expression were enhanced; however, the proportion of annexin V+ cells and expression of cleaved caspase-3 were reduced. The in vivo study showed increased homing of CXCR4-BMSCs in kidneys, which was associated with improved renal function, reduced acute tubular necrosis scoring, accelerated mitogenic response of tubular cells, and reduced tubular cell death. The enhanced homing and paracrine actions of BMSCs with CXCR4 overexpression suggest beneficial effects of such cells in BMSC-based therapy for AKI. © 2013 the American Physiological Society.


Liu N.M.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Tian J.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Wang W.W.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Han G.F.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2013

We investigated the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on differentiation and secretion of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in an acute kidney injury microenvironment. Acute kidney injury mouse models were prepared. Both renal cortices were then immediately collected to produce the ischemia/reperfusion kidney homogenate supernatant. The morphological and ultrastructural changes in the cells were observed using an inverted microscope and a transmission electron microscope. Cytokeratin-18 was detected using flow cytometry. Bone morphogenetic protein-7 levels, hepatocyte growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor in the culture medium were detected using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The cells had high CD29 and CD44 expression, as well as low CD34 and CD45 expression. More round and oval cells with cobble-like appearances were observed after EPO treatment. In addition, an increase in the number of rough endoplasmic reticula, lysosomes, and mitochondria was observed in the cytoplasm; the intercellular junction peculiar to epithelial cells was also seen on the cell surface. After treatment with ischemia/reperfusion kidney homogenate supernatant, cytokeratin-18 expression increased significantly and EPO could magnify its expression. Bone morphogenetic protein-7 levels, hepatocyte growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor levels after treatment with ischemia/reperfusion kidney homogenate supernatant significantly decreased, whereas EPO increased the cytokine secretion. The acute kidney injury microenvironment can induce the bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells to partially differentiate into renal tubular epithelium-shaped cells, but weaken their secretion function. EPO intervention can boost up their differentiation function and reverse their low secretion effect. © FUNPEC-RP.


Wang L.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Xu X.P.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Zhan H.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Zhang S.M.,The 455th Hospital of PLA
Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2014

This report presents the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-assisted surgical as a treatment of benign double tracheoesophageal fistula. The patient was a 43-yearold woman who presented the airway obstruction for 3 weeks after the esophagus metal stent implantation for the tracheoesophageal fistula 1 year ago. The airway obstruction was due to the expansion and piercing of the metal stent through the upper part of the esophagus into the tracheal cavity. In view of the failure of endotracheal intubation, we finally used ECMO-assisted surgery to remove the stent. And at the same time, cervical esophagostomy externa, exclusion of the thoracic tracheoesophageal fistulas and gastrostomy were performed. © 2014 The Editorial Committee of Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. All rights reserved.


Liu N.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Tian J.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Wang W.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | Cheng J.,The 455th Hospital of PLA | And 2 more authors.
Experimental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2011

Erythropoietin (EPO) can stimulate the proliferation and protraction of endothelial progenitor cells, and plays an important role in the proliferation and differentiation of marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (mMSCs) under the acute kidney injury (AKI) microenvironment. In the present study, C57BL/6 mice mMSCs were isolated, and AKI mice models were prepared. The renal cortex was obtained to prepare the ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) kidney homogenate supernatant. P3-mMSCs were treated by different methods: one group was added only I/R kidney homogenate supernatant, and another contained different concentrations of EPO (1, 5, 10, 50 IU/mL) in I/R kidney homogenate supernatant. The proliferation and apoptosis of mMSCs were detected by CCK-8 and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling), respectively. Expression of erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) and protein of the signal pathway related to proliferation/apoptosis were also examined. The results showed that the proliferation ability of mMSCs treated with I/R kidney homogenate supernatant decreased significantly, while the apoptosis percentage was significantly higher than that of the control. After intervention of EPO, their proliferation enhanced and the apoptosis percentage decreased. EPOR expression was positive in P3-mMSCs. EPO decreased the expression of caspase-3 of mMSCs under the AKI microenvironment in a dose- and timedependent manner, but increased the Bcl-2 expression. The expression of phosphor-Janus kinase 2, phosphor-signal transducer and activator of transcription (pSTAT-5) increased significantly in 10 IU/mL EPO cultured for five days. Our results show that EPO can promote proliferation of mMSCs in vitro under the AKI microenvironment, which is mediated by EPOR and related with the proliferation/apoptosis signal pathway. © 2011 by the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine.


PubMed | the 455th Hospital of PLA
Type: | Journal: The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology | Year: 2015

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation is beneficial for the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI), but the poor survival of BMSCs limits the repair effect. The oxidative stress in the AKI microenvironment is regarded as the main reason. Considering the potent anti-oxidant ability of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), HO-1 overexpression in BMSCs can be expected to improve the survival of BMSCs and correspondingly enhance the AKI repair effect. Here, BMSCs are transfected with pLV-HO-1/eGFP and pLV-eGFP by the lentivirus vector to get HO-1-BMSCs and eGFP-BMSCs, respectively. Ischemia/reperfusion-AKI kidney homogenate supernatant (KHS) is prepared for treating BMSCs, eGFP-BMSCs and HO-1-BMSCs. AKI-KHS results in a high inhibitory rate of BMSCs growth and a high proportion of TUNEL positive BMSCs, while HO-1 overexpression inverses this phenomenon and re-establishes the antioxidant and oxidant balance in HO-1-BMSCs. Phosphorylations of p53 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPK) in HO-1-BMSCs decrease. Lower levels of monocyte chemotactic protein 1, tumor necrosis factor- and interleukin 1 are also observed in supernatant of HO-1-BMSCs. The in vivo study shows that HO-1 overexpression sharply decreases the apoptosis of BMSCs in the injured kidney, and correspondingly the renal function of the AKI rats improves significantly. In conclusion, BMSCs with HO-1 overexpression suggests a better survival in the I/R-AKI microenvironment and a better kidney repair effect. The anti-oxidant effect via the inactivations of the downstream p53 and p38MAPK in BMSCs and the anti-inflammation could be the mechanisms. It provides a novel approach for the cell-based AKI-therapy.


PubMed | The 455th Hospital of PLA
Type: | Journal: Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia | Year: 2015

This report presents the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-assisted surgical as a treatment of benign double tracheoesophageal fistula. The patient was a 43-year-old woman who presented the airway obstruction for 3 weeks after the esophagus metal stent implantation for the tracheoesophageal fistula 1 year ago. The airway obstruction was due to the expansion and piercing of the metal stent through the upper part of the esophagus into the tracheal cavity. In view of the failure of endotracheal intubation, we finally used ECMO-assisted surgery to remove the stent. And at the same time, cervical esophagostomy externa, exclusion of the thoracic tracheoesophageal fistulas and gastrostomy were performed.

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