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Pu J.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Bai D.,323 Hospital of PLA | Yang X.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Lu X.,The 323 Hospital of PLA | And 2 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2012

Recently, catecholamines have been described as being involved in the regulation of cancer genesis and progression. Here, we reported that adrenaline increased the cell proliferation and decreased the cisplatin induced apoptosis in HT29 cells. Further study found that adrenaline increased miR-155 expression in an NFκB dependent manner. HT29 cells overexpressing miR-155 had a higher cell growth rate and more resistance to cisplatin induced apoptosis. In contrast, HT29 cells overexpressing miR-155 inhibitor displayed decreased cell proliferation and sensitivity to cisplatin induced cell death. In summary, our study here revealed that adrenaline-NFκB-miR-155 pathway at least partially contributes to the psychological stress induced proliferation and chemoresistance in HT29 cells, shedding light on increasing the therapeutic strategies of cancer chemotherapy. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Hao Q.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Lu X.,The 323 Hospital of PLA | Liu N.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Xue X.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 10 more authors.
BMB Reports | Year: 2013

Gastric cancer remains the main cause of cancer death all around the world, and upregulated activation of the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase c-SRC (SRC) is a key player in the development. In this study, we found that expression of Src is also increased in clinical gastric cancer samples, with the protein level increased more significantly than that at the RNA level. Further study revealed that miR34a and miR203, two tumor suppressive miRNAs, inversely correlate with the expression of Src. Restoration of miR34a and miR203 decreased Src expression in gastric cancer cell lines, which in turn inhibited cell growth and cell migration. In summary, our study here revealed that posttranscriptional regulation of Src contributes to the deregulated cell growth and metastasis in gastric cancer, and targeting Src by miR34a or miR203 mimics would be a promising strategy in therapy. © 2013 by the The Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

Zhang A.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Wang P.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Ma X.,The 323 Hospital of PLA | Yin X.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Molecular Immunology | Year: 2015

Background: The NLRP3 inflammasome plays an important role in the cellular defense against invading pathogens and is reported to be expressed in human dental pulp fibroblasts (HDPFs). However, the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in HDPFs during pulpal infection and inflammation remains unclear. Objectives: To elucidate the function of the NLRP3 inflammasome and the mechanisms that lead to its expression and activation in HDPFs. Methods: The test model used lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to simulate an inflammatory environment. Lentiviral vectors encoding short hairpin RNAs were used to knock down NLRP3 and caspase-1 in HDPFs. Specific inhibitors were used to determine whether the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiating factor 88 (MyD88), or nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathways were involved in the regulation of NLRP3 expression. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was measured by fluorescent microscopy and flow cytometry using the total ROS/superoxide detection kit. Gene and protein expression were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, while cytokine release was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: LPS up-regulated NLRP3 and IL-1β expression while ATP induced the activation of caspase-1 and the release of IL-1β in LPS-primed HDPFs. The knockdown of NLRP3 or caspase-1 expression significantly inhibited IL-1β secretion. Pretreatment with a TLR4 inhibitor, a MyD88 inhibitory peptide, or an I Kappa B alpha (IκBα) phosphorylation inhibitor significantly inhibited LPS-induced NLRP3 and IL-1β expression. ATP potently promoted ROS generation in HDPFs; N-acetyl cysteine inhibited ROS production, caspase-1 activation and IL-1β secretion induced by ATP. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that the NLRP3 inflammasome in HDPFs is crucial for IL-1β secretion in response to LPS plus ATP. LPS engaged the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway to enhance NLRP3 and pro-IL-1β expression in HDPFs. ATP promoted the generation of ROS and activated the NLRP3 inflammasome in a ROS-dependent manner. © 2015 The Authors.

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