Chen Q.Y.,The 117th Hospital of PLA
Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] | Year: 2010
To detect the expression of alpha-tubulin and MDR1 in human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), and to clarify their clinical significance. Paraffin embedded tissues from 158 primary non-small lung carcinomas and 30 paracancerous lung tissues were examined for expression of alpha-tubulin and MDR1 by immunohistochemistry (SP method). 30 freshly taken NSCLC tissues were examined by Western blot analysis. The relationship between alpha-tubulin and MDR1 expression and the biological features of lung carcinoma was analyzed. The positive rate of alpha-tubulin and MDR1 expressions in the lung carcinomas was 65.2% and 51.3%, respectively. There was no expression of either of them in 30 paracancerous lung tissues. Western blot analysis showed that the level of alpha-tubulin and MDR1 expressions in NSCLC tissues were 0.49 +/- 0.06 and 0.56 +/- 0.04, respectively, significantly higher than that in paracancerous tissues (0.07 +/- 0.01) (t = 3.693 and t = 6.769, P < 0.01). The positive rate of alpha-tubulin expression was gradually increased with tumor progression, significantly higher in III-IV stage cancers and in poorly differentiated carcinomas (both P < 0.01). There was a distinct statistically significant difference between stage I, stage II and III, and stage IV. The positive rate of alpha-tubulin in well-moderately differentiated carcinomas was lower than that in poorly differentiated ones. There was no significant correlation with age, sex, tumor size, histological type, clinical TNM system and lymph node metastasis. The positive rate of MDR1 was not correlated with sex, age, tumor size, pathological grading, clinical TNM stages and lymph node metastasis. But the positive rate of MDR1 in adenocarcinoma was significantly higher than that in squamous carcinoma and undifferentiated large cell carcinomas (P < 0.01). alpha-tubulin and MDR1 expression had no impact on the outcome of chemotherapy (chi(2) = 0.69 and 1.30, P > 0.05, respectively). Univariate analysis showed that the 5-year survival rate of patients with negative alpha-tubulin and MDR1 expression was 30.7% and 28.5%, respectively, significantly higher than that of patients with positive alpha-tubulin and MDR1 expression (13.5% and 11.8%, respectively) (chi(2) = 20.69 and 15.52, P < 0.01, respectively), and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that alpha-tubulin (RR = 3.287, P = 0.006) and clinical TNM stage (RR = 1.954, P = 0.025) were significantly independent predictive factor for patients with lung cancer, MDR1 and other factors could not be used as an independent predicitive factors. However, there was no significant correlation between the expression of alpha-tubulin and MDR1 in lung carcinoma(r = 0.093, P > 0.05). The expression of alpha-tubulin and MDR1 may play an important role in the development and progression of human non-small cell lung carcinoma. Combined detection could be considered as an important index for predicting prognosis of lung carcinoma.
Wang R.,Bengbu Medical College |
Li Y.,Bengbu Medical College |
Hou Y.,Bengbu Medical College |
Yang Q.,Bengbu Medical College |
And 7 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015
Emerging evidence demonstrates that platelet-derived growth factor-D (PDGF-D) plays a critical role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and drug resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. However, the underlying mechanism has not been fully elucidated. The objective is to explore the molecular mechanism of PDGF-D-mediated EMT in drug resistance HCC cells. To achieve our goal, we used multiple approaches including Western blotting, real-time RT-PCR, wound healing assay, invasion assay, luciferase activity assay, transfection, and immunohistochemistry. We found that PDGF-D is highly expressed in gemcitabine-resistant (GR) HCC cells. Moreover, PDGF-D markedly inhibited miR-106a expression and subsequently upregulated Twist1 expression. Notably, PDGF-D expression was associated with miR-106a and Twist1 in HCC patients. Our findings provide a possible molecular mechanism for understanding GR chemoresistance in HCC cells. Therefore, inactivation of PDGF-D/Twist or activation of miR-106a could be a novel strategy for the treatment of HCC.
Zhang Z.J.,The 117th Hospital of PLA
Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology | Year: 2012
To evaluate clinical results of an interspinous stabilization system (Wallis) in treating lumbar degenerative disease in the short-term. From August 2007 to June 2010,48 patients with lumbar degenerative disease who were treated with interspinous stabilization system, the data of patients were analyzed retrospectively. In all of the 48 cases, there were 30 males and 18 females with an average age of 54.2 years (ranged, 40 to 68 years). Forty-four cases were with single segment and 4 cases with two segments. Of them, 4 cases were in L3, 4, 40 cases were in L4, 5, 4 cases were in L3, 4 and L4, 5. The radiographic data of patients were analyzed. Clinical effects were evaluated by Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score system and low back pain disability questionnaire (Oswestry) and Odom method. All the patients were followed up from 1 to 2 years with an average of 18 months. According to Odom's criteria, 20 cases obtained excellent results, 24 good, 4 fair. JOA score increased from 12.4 +/- 2.7 preoperatively to 26.1 +/- 2.0 postoperatively (P < 0.01). Oswestry score decreased from 14.1 +/- 2.9 preoperatively to 5.5 +/- 1.8 postoperatively (P < 0.01). The posterior height of intervertebral space and height of nerve root canal increased compared with that of preperative height. The treatment of lumbar degenerative disease with interspinous stabilization system can obtain satisfactory effects in the near future. It can retain dynamic stable of corresponding segments, expand volume of vertebral canal, and is safe and feasible.
Xu W.,The 117th Hospital of PLA |
Chen Q.-Y.,The 117th Hospital of PLA |
Jiao D.-M.,The 117th Hospital of PLA
Journal of Practical Oncology | Year: 2014
Objective: To investigate the effect of curcumin on the metastatic and proliferation ability of human lung cancer cell line 801D, and explore the role of LIMK-1/cofilin in this effect. Methods: MTT assay was used to determine the effect of curcumin on the proliferation of 801D cells. Invasion assay and migration assay were used to observe the effect of curcumin on the metastatic ability of 801D cells in vitro. Western blot was used to observe the effect of curcumin on the expression of LIMK-1/cofilin protein in 801D. Laser confocal microscopy was used to investigate the effect of curcumin on the reorganization of microfilaments. Results: Curcumin inhibited the proliferation of 801D cells, and the inhibition rate increased along with the increase of the concentration and treatment duration. When treated with 10 μmol/L, 20 μmol/L for 24 h, the abilities of invasion and migration of 801D cells were inhibited (P<0.01). Curcumin significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of LIMK-1/cofilin protein (P<0.05); it also influenced the distribution and structure of cytoskeletons. Conclusion: Curcumin may inhibit the metastatic and proliferation ability of lung cancer cells through down-regulating the phosphorylation of LIMK-1/cofilin and inhibiting cytoskeleton reorganization.
Chen Q.,The 117th Hospital of PLA |
Fei J.,The 117th Hospital of PLA |
Wu L.,The 117th Hospital of PLA |
Jiang Z.,The 117th Hospital of PLA |
And 3 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2011
The present study aimed to determine the levels of cathepsin B (cath B), cathepsin L (cath L), cystatin C, urokinase plasminogen activator (u-PA) and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (u-PAR) in the sera of patients with lung cancer compared to healthy controls using ELISA. Concomitantly, the relationship between the components and clinicopathological prognosis was analyzed. The study included 30 healthy volunteers and 105 lung cancer patients. Blood samples were collected and cath B, cath L, cystatin C, u-PA and u-PAR measurements were made using ELISA. Results showed that the levels of cath B, cath L, cystatin C, u-PA and u-PAR were significantly higher in the patient group compared to the healthy controls. The significance was marked for cath B and mild for u-PAR in correlation with lymph node metastasis. There was no significance for other parameters. Notably, patients with a combination of high cystatin C and high cath B levels had significantly lower survival probability as compared to those with cystatin C+/cath B- or with cystatin C-/cath B-. Similarly, patients with a combination of high u-PA and u-PAR experienced significantly shorter survival. Furthermore, the univariate analysis revealed that cath B, u-PAR, lymph node metastases, stage and grade were related to survival. However, findings of the multivariate Cox analysis indicated that the sera levels of cath B, u-PAR and lymph node metastases may serve as independent prognostic variables in patients with lung cancer.