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Amudhan A.,Bharath University | Selvamuthukumar S.C.,Thai Mookambigai Dental College | Aswath N.,Bharath University | Aarthi Nisha V.,Bharath University | Hemalatha V.T.,Bharath University
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2014

Mucormycosis is an opportunistic, frequently fulminant invasive fungal infection caused by a saprophytic fungus. Mucormycosis originating in paranasal sinuses and nose involves oral cavity secondarily presenting as palatal necrosis or ulceration. This case report and review describes emergence of mucormycosis in the oral cavity of an immunocompromised patient and importance of early diagnosis and management by antifungal drugs, surgery and control of underlying diseases in controlling mortality.

Venkatesh A.,Tamil University | Vinita Mary Ebenezar A.,Thai Mookambigai Dental College | Rajesh Ebenezar A.V.,Madha Dental College | Asirvatham A.S.R.,Narayana Hrudalaya Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2014

To find out the awareness about HIV/AIDS among patients visiting a tertiary care hospital in the UT of Pondicherry. A cross sectional study was conducted for a period of three months on 225 patients who visited a tertiary care hospital in the Karaikal District in the UT of Pondicherry. The survey was conducted through interview on 225 patients with a five part questionnaire with 5 items on basic awareness about HIV/AIDS, 10 items on the knowledge about mode of transmission, 5 items on the knowledge about prevention, 5 items on the attitude of the patients towards HIV/AIDS and five items on the knowledge about the measures taken by the government and NGOs in prevention of HIV/AIDS. It was observed from the results that the awareness and knowledge about HIV/AIDS was more among the literates when comparison was made on the lines of education and among the business class and students with respect to occupation. The attitude part had an average number of positive responses with about 45% willing to take care of a HIV infected child or spouse, 46.2% were willing to share a meal with a HIV infected person and about 41.8% prefer out casting an AIDS person. Despite the vigorous outreach programmes, which the government and other organizations had carried out in the city, many people had several misconceptions about HIV or about people living with HIV/AIDS. As it was observed that awareness was more among the literates, and among students and business class people. The Government and Health educators should provide tailor-made education programmes for those at the lower education levels.

Anand S.K.,Madha Dental College | Ebenezar V.R.,Madha Dental College | Anand N.,Rajah Muthaiah Dental College and Hospital | Mary A.V.,Thai Mookambigai Dental College | Mony B.,Tagore Dental Colleg and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Background: The antibacterial properties of wine and ozone have been established but their antibacterial efficacies against endodontic pathogens are yet to be ascertained. Aim: The purpose of this study is to comparatively evaluate the antibacterial property of ozonated water, white wine (14%) and de-alcoholised white wine. Materials and Methods: S.mutans and E.faecalis were subcultured and inoculated in a nutrient broth for 24 hours. The following groups were formulated: Group 1A:2% Chlorhexidine (Control group); Group 1B:White wine; Group 1C:Dealcoholised white wine; Group 1D:Ozonated water; Group 2A: Ca(OH)2 + Chlorhexidine (Control group); Group 2B: White wine + Ca(OH)2; Group 2C:De-alcoholised White wine + Ca(OH)2 + chlorhexidine; Group 2D:White wine + Ca(OH)2 + chlorhexidine and group 2E: Dealcoholised white wine + Ca(OH)2 + chlorhexidine. The samples were allowed to diffuse into the culture medium for two hours, later the S. mutans were streaked on to the blood agar medium and the E. faecalis were streaked on to the Muller Hilton agar medium and incubated for 48 hours at 37°C the zone of inhibition was measured after 48 hours. Results: There was no growth of microorganisms seen with ozonated water. Chlorhexidine showed large zone of inhibition compared to the other groups. White wine has better antimicrobial property than de-alcoholised white wine, but when mixed with calcium hydroxide the dealcoholised white wine has better action against the microorganisms. Conclusion: Ozonated water has the best antibacterial property and the antibacterial action of Calcium hydroxide is enhanced when it is mixed with de-alcoholised white wine © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

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