Texas Woman's University is a co-educational university in Denton, Texas, United States with two health science center branches in Dallas and Houston. While male students are accepted into all programs, the school is better known as the largest state-supported university for women in the United States Wikipedia.
Perlow E.,Texas Womans University
Health promotion practice | Year: 2010
Health literacy, cited as essential to achieving Healthy People 2010's goals to "increase quality and years of healthy life" and to "eliminate health disparities," is defined by Healthy People as "the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions." Accessibility, by definition, the aforementioned "capacity to obtain," thus is health literacy's primary prerequisite. Accessibility's designation as the global gateway to health literacy is predicated also on life's realities: global aging and climate change, war and terrorism, and life-extending medical and technological advances. People with diverse access needs are health professionals' raison d'être. However, accessibility, consummately cross-cultural and universal, is virtually absent as a topic of health promotion and practice research and scholarly discussion of health literacy and equity. A call to action to place accessibility in its rightful premier position on the profession's agenda is issued.
Uphouse L.,Texas Womans University
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior | Year: 2014
In this review, first a historical perspective of serotonin's (5-HT) involvement in female sexual behavior is presented. Then an overview of studies implicating 5-HT is presented. The effect of drugs that increase or decrease CNS levels of 5-HT is reviewed. Evidence is presented that drugs which increase 5-HT have negative effects on female sexual behavior while a decrease in 5-HT is associated with facilitation of sexual behavior. Studies with compounds that act on 5-HT1, 5-HT2 or 5-HT3 receptors are discussed. Most evidence indicates that 5-HT1A receptor agonists inhibit sexual behavior while 5-HT2 or 5-HT3 receptors may exert a positive influence. There is substantial evidence to support a role for 5-HT in the modulation of female consummatory sexual behavior, but studies on the role of 5-HT in other elements of female sexual behavior (e.g. desire, motivation, sexual appetite) are few. Future studies should be directed at determining if these additional components of female sexual behavior are also modulated by 5-HT. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Uphouse L.,Texas Womans University
Behavioural Brain Research | Year: 2015
Regularly cycling Fischer female rats were treated with either a low (5. g/kg) or high (5. mg/RAT; approximately 30. mg/kg) dose of the antiprogestin, RU486, before the morning of proestrus or on the morning of proestrus. The emergence of sexual behavior after treatment with RU486 was examined in a mating test with a sexually active male rat. Lordosis behavior was remarkably resistant to the effects of RU486. Only the high dose of RU486 given the evening before proestrus, approximately 22. h before mating, reduced lordosis behavior. Independent of dose or time of treatment, proceptivity was reduced and resistance to the male's attempts to mount was increased by RU486 treatment. In addition, the effect of a 5. min restraint stress on sexual behavior was examined. In contrast to the relative resistance of lordosis behavior of unrestrained rats to RU486 treatment, RU486 treated rats showed a significant decline in lordosis behavior after restraint. These findings allow the suggestion that the emergence of lordosis behavior is relatively resistant to the antiprogestin while the maintenance of lordosis behavior after restraint may require participation of intracellular progesterone receptors. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Richard C.J.,Texas Womans University
Nephrology nursing journal : journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association | Year: 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine how clients with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis negotiate living with an arteriovenous fistula. A fistula is the preferred access for hemodialysis, and clients must continually monitor and protect their fistula. In this qualitative, ethnographic study, data were collected during fieldwork and semistructured interviews. Constructivism and a cultural negotiation model provided frameworks for the study. Fourteen clients were interviewed; interviews lasted 1.5 to 4 hours. Results revealed new insights into informants'perspectives and experiences with a vascular access. The overarching theme was vulnerability, and underlying themes were body awareness, dependency, mistrust, and stigma. The response to vulnerability was to be continually vigilant and assertive to protect the holistic self Stigma of the vascular access was an important issue for informants and evoked the greatest emotional responses.
Hutton J.,Texas Womans University
American journal of obstetrics and gynecology | Year: 2014
OBJECTIVE: Although it is commonly accepted that rubella is well-controlled, a recent reemergence of both pertussis and measles might also predict a reemergence of rubella. This study was designed to estimate the current incidence of rubella exposure in pregnancy.STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, descriptive study, conducted in Houston, TX, at The Woman's Hospital of Texas. Women are typically screened for rubella immunity at the beginning of pregnancy. Rubella nonimmunity is defined as a titer less than 10 IU/mL in the US. Women who were non-immune early in pregnancy (<20 weeks) were recruited for this study and asked to be tested again for rubella immunity at the time of delivery.RESULTS: Of 298 women who were rubella nonimmune (IgG <10 IU/mL) early in pregnancy, 19 converted to immune status (IgG >40 IU/mL, defined as at least a 4-fold increase) at time of delivery, a rate of 6.38% (4.12% to 9.75%; 95% Wilson-Score confidence interval). For the 19 patients who converted to immune status at time of delivery, 8 patients had levels of 40-150 IU/mL, 6 patients had levels of 151-300 IU/mL, 2 patients had levels of 301-500 IU/mL, and 3 patients had levels >500 IU/mL.CONCLUSION: Pregnancy is a critical time to evaluate rubella exposure. This study estimated the current incidence of rubella exposure in pregnancy to be 6.38%. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.