Texas Woman's University is a co-educational university in Denton, Texas, United States with two health science center branches in Dallas and Houston. While male students are accepted into all programs, the school is better known as the largest state-supported university for women in the United States Wikipedia.
Perlow E.,Texas Womans University
Health promotion practice | Year: 2010
Health literacy, cited as essential to achieving Healthy People 2010's goals to "increase quality and years of healthy life" and to "eliminate health disparities," is defined by Healthy People as "the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions." Accessibility, by definition, the aforementioned "capacity to obtain," thus is health literacy's primary prerequisite. Accessibility's designation as the global gateway to health literacy is predicated also on life's realities: global aging and climate change, war and terrorism, and life-extending medical and technological advances. People with diverse access needs are health professionals' raison d'être. However, accessibility, consummately cross-cultural and universal, is virtually absent as a topic of health promotion and practice research and scholarly discussion of health literacy and equity. A call to action to place accessibility in its rightful premier position on the profession's agenda is issued.
Uphouse L.,Texas Womans University
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior | Year: 2014
In this review, first a historical perspective of serotonin's (5-HT) involvement in female sexual behavior is presented. Then an overview of studies implicating 5-HT is presented. The effect of drugs that increase or decrease CNS levels of 5-HT is reviewed. Evidence is presented that drugs which increase 5-HT have negative effects on female sexual behavior while a decrease in 5-HT is associated with facilitation of sexual behavior. Studies with compounds that act on 5-HT1, 5-HT2 or 5-HT3 receptors are discussed. Most evidence indicates that 5-HT1A receptor agonists inhibit sexual behavior while 5-HT2 or 5-HT3 receptors may exert a positive influence. There is substantial evidence to support a role for 5-HT in the modulation of female consummatory sexual behavior, but studies on the role of 5-HT in other elements of female sexual behavior (e.g. desire, motivation, sexual appetite) are few. Future studies should be directed at determining if these additional components of female sexual behavior are also modulated by 5-HT. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Uphouse L.,Texas Womans University
Behavioural Brain Research | Year: 2015
Regularly cycling Fischer female rats were treated with either a low (5. g/kg) or high (5. mg/RAT; approximately 30. mg/kg) dose of the antiprogestin, RU486, before the morning of proestrus or on the morning of proestrus. The emergence of sexual behavior after treatment with RU486 was examined in a mating test with a sexually active male rat. Lordosis behavior was remarkably resistant to the effects of RU486. Only the high dose of RU486 given the evening before proestrus, approximately 22. h before mating, reduced lordosis behavior. Independent of dose or time of treatment, proceptivity was reduced and resistance to the male's attempts to mount was increased by RU486 treatment. In addition, the effect of a 5. min restraint stress on sexual behavior was examined. In contrast to the relative resistance of lordosis behavior of unrestrained rats to RU486 treatment, RU486 treated rats showed a significant decline in lordosis behavior after restraint. These findings allow the suggestion that the emergence of lordosis behavior is relatively resistant to the antiprogestin while the maintenance of lordosis behavior after restraint may require participation of intracellular progesterone receptors. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Crosslin K.,Texas Womans University |
Golman M.,Texas Womans University
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2014
Cyberbullying is a growing phenomenon in our society with the technological advances that are occurring. This type of bullying can transpire at all hours via text message, email, or social networking sites. According to several studies, college students are being affected by cyberbullying, with prevalence rates ranging from 8% to 21%. Many psychological ramifications exist as a result of cyberbullying among victims and bullies. It is crucial to learn more about how this phenomenon is affecting the social and learning environments in college, as well as how college students view cyberbullying. First and second-year students at a southern university were recruited to participate in this qualitative study. The researchers conducted six focus groups with 54 students. The participants reported reasons for cyberbullying in the college environment, such as retaliation in relationships. Independence and autonomy were discussed as reasons why college students do not report cyberbullying to others when it occurs. Participants discussed future interventions to reduce cyberbullying that included coping strategies, utilizing university services, and engaging in legal action. The authors recommend utilizing a multi-level Socio-Ecological approach to reduce cyberbullying rates. Additionally, evaluation research needs to be conducted on what works and what does not in the prevention of cyberbullying. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Walker-Batson D.,Texas Womans University
European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine | Year: 2013
There is robust evidence for amphetamine (AMPH) facilitated recovery from behavioral deficits in animal models of stroke. Following experimental lesions, numerous studies of motor, somatosensory and vision recovery show AMPH accelerates the rate of recovery when paired with relevant behavioral experience. While the experimental literature continues to mount for an AMPH effect, the translation to clinical studies has been far less clear. This is due in part to the inherent difficulty of extrapolating results in animals to humans; however, there is much controversy regarding how the basic science data is interpreted for the design of human clinical trials. This review will: overview noteworthy experimental studies that have strong implications for human rehabilitation; describe the blinded drug/placebo clinical trials administering AMPH to enhance recovery of motor and language deficits post-stroke published to date; discuss the various complexities and controversies of designing clinical trials which may affect response/non-response to pharmacologic agents and conclude with suggestions of critical questions still to be answered for the rehabilitation specialist.
Hutton J.,Texas Womans University
American journal of obstetrics and gynecology | Year: 2014
OBJECTIVE: Although it is commonly accepted that rubella is well-controlled, a recent reemergence of both pertussis and measles might also predict a reemergence of rubella. This study was designed to estimate the current incidence of rubella exposure in pregnancy.STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, descriptive study, conducted in Houston, TX, at The Woman's Hospital of Texas. Women are typically screened for rubella immunity at the beginning of pregnancy. Rubella nonimmunity is defined as a titer less than 10 IU/mL in the US. Women who were non-immune early in pregnancy (<20 weeks) were recruited for this study and asked to be tested again for rubella immunity at the time of delivery.RESULTS: Of 298 women who were rubella nonimmune (IgG <10 IU/mL) early in pregnancy, 19 converted to immune status (IgG >40 IU/mL, defined as at least a 4-fold increase) at time of delivery, a rate of 6.38% (4.12% to 9.75%; 95% Wilson-Score confidence interval). For the 19 patients who converted to immune status at time of delivery, 8 patients had levels of 40-150 IU/mL, 6 patients had levels of 151-300 IU/mL, 2 patients had levels of 301-500 IU/mL, and 3 patients had levels >500 IU/mL.CONCLUSION: Pregnancy is a critical time to evaluate rubella exposure. This study estimated the current incidence of rubella exposure in pregnancy to be 6.38%. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Dufrene C.,University of Texas Medical Branch |
Young A.,Texas Womans University
Nurse Education Today | Year: 2014
The past several years have seen a dramatic increase in the use of simulation in nursing education. The process of debriefing, or guided reflection, follows these simulation activities. Although facilitated debriefing is recommended in the simulation literature, very few research articles reported results of the effectiveness of debriefing. A literature search was conducted using PubMed, Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, ERIC, and PsychInfo to identify articles and studies examining simulation and debriefing methods. A limited number of studies were found, that examined traditional faculty facilitated debriefing versus alternate forms of debriefing, debriefing versus no debriefing, and perceptions of debriefing. In most cases, improvement was noted in learners regardless of the debriefing process used. This review is grouped in two sections: (a) studies comparing debriefing strategies and (b) studies examining perceptions of the usefulness of debriefing. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 498.54K | Year: 2016
Texas Womans University (TWU) is committed to establishing a dedicated science research network (SRN) for faculty and student researchers, with access to worldwide resources to enrich scientific discovery. In conjunction with TWUs intensive focus on funded, research-active faculty in the sciences, health sciences and technical areas, the SRN is essential to meeting the data-intensive requirements for a growing number of disciplines. Key academic programs include, but are not limited to, physical therapy, nursing telehealth, informatics, computer science, biology, chemistry and nutrition.
TWUs plan is to construct and support a 10 Gbps SRN for researchers to effectively use and share large data sets. The SRN plan has 10 Gbps connectivity to TWUs regional area network, Lonestar Education and Research Network, providing TWU researchers access to Internet2. Such capability is necessary for many faculty and students needing significantly more bandwidth. For example, TWUs recent development of an informatics program touches multiple disciplines, particularly in health informatics where study questions include hospital reaction time, improved patient care, viral preparedness, and health care outcome modeling.
Additionally, this project provides enhanced research and educational opportunities to a diverse TWU student body, consisting of 87% women, 19% African American and greater than 25% Latino - TWU is designated as a Hispanic-serving institution. Thus, this project unquestionably furthers TWUs efforts to engage women and minorities in important research opportunities across critical STEM and health care fields. Recognition of underrepresentation of women and minorities in technical arenas is longstanding.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: S-STEM:SCHLR SCI TECH ENG&MATH | Award Amount: 599.86K | Year: 2012
The Quantitative and Analytical Sciences for Academic Reinforcement and Success (QuASARS) project at Texas Womans University (TWU) is increasing the STEM workforce in the United States by providing cross-disciplinary training in quantitative and analytical science for S-STEM scholars and TWU STEM majors. In an increasingly technological world, boundaries between traditional STEM fields are narrowing and many careers require training at their interface. QuASARS prepares S-STEM undergraduates for these exciting careers. Based in successes of prior programs, the number of STEM majors at TWU has increased, their persistence facilitated by a cohort of scholars engaging in hands-on STEM experiences. The current program fosters development of a cohort of students united by an interest in quantitative and analytical sciences and obtaining degrees in biology, biochemistry, chemistry, computer science and mathematics. The TWU S-STEM program facilitates degree progression and entrance into advanced degree programs and STEM careers. Each year, the TWU S-STEM program provides scholarships for approximately 20 academically talented, but financially challenged students, who also obtain a certificate in Quantitative Sciences. The certificate is available to all STEM students at TWU and promotes student cohesiveness and preparedness for STEM professions. The success of the TWU S-STEM program is assessed by evaluating QuASARS recruiting strategies, the efficacy of support efforts provided by the program (e.g. tutoring, career guidance), and the impact of cohort building, intensive mentoring and active learning on the numbers of TWU STEM majors enrolling in, completing undergraduate degrees and pursuing advanced degrees and careers in STEM fields. The goals of the QuASARS program build on excellent academic enhancement programs on campus (e.g. the Honors Scholars and Bridges to the Baccalaureate programs) and partnerships with academic and industry programs that provide internships and enhanced occupational opportunities for S-STEM scholars and TWU STEM majors, increasing the pool for qualified STEM professionals in Texas and across the nation. The TWU QuASARS S-STEM program is ideally suited to broadly impacting STEM professions in Texas and nationally by increasing the participation of groups traditionally underrepresented in STEM. TWU is the largest university primarily for women in the US and 50% of the undergraduates are members of groups underrepresented in STEM fields. As such, TWU provides an excellent pool of students to increase the representation of these groups in the professional workforce throughout Texas. Funded S-STEM scholars are encouraged to engage in research and experiential opportunities, resulting in broad dissemination of new findings through scholar presentations and publications. Additionally, the TWU S-STEM scholarship program provides networking with existing quality education programs on campus and across Texas, thereby enhancing university and inter-institutional infrastructures.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: LAW AND SOCIAL SCIENCES | Award Amount: 219.73K | Year: 2017
The rising use of litigation to make policy has been called one of the most important developments in contemporary governance, as interest groups across the political spectrum now routinely turn to the courts to pursue their policy agendas. One potential consequence of all of this litigation relates to the dissemination of information about public policies through the media. This research project will generate new data on media coverage of litigation-based policies. Using statistical and mixed-method analysis, the findings will provide insights into how litigation and media biases influence public information about policy. The project includes training undergraduate and graduate students in the practice of research design, data collection and mixed-method analysis.
The scientific literature is currently divided on how media coverage should interact with policy design and it generates competing approaches. This project addresses this challenge by contrasting coverage of injury compensation policies that reflect differing levels of reliance on litigation. Specifically, building on a significant pilot project, it will collect original data on newspaper stories in 3 distinct policy areas as presented in national news outlets. The project will code individual news stories using a series of validated measures. The project will analyze these data using multiple methods, including statistical analysis, mixed-method comparative case studies, and in-depth interpretive analyses of content.