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Tyler, TX, United States

Blum J.L.,Baylor Charles mmons Cancer Center | Goncalves A.,Institute Paoli Calmettes | Efrat N.,Kaplan Medical Center | Debled M.,Institute Bergonie | And 8 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2016

Trabectedin is an alkylating agent that binds to the minor groove of DNA. Early studies with trabectedin suggested efficacy in triple-negative and HER2-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer (MBC). The efficacy and safety of trabectedin in pretreated patients with these tumors were evaluated in this parallel-cohort phase II trial. Patients received a 3-h infusion of trabectedin 1.3 mg/m2 intravenously every 3 weeks until progression or unmanageable/unacceptable toxicity. The primary objective was to evaluate the efficacy using the objective response rate (ORR) as per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST). Secondary objectives comprised time-to-event endpoints and safety assessed with the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v.3.0. Patients with heavily pretreated triple-negative (n = 50) or HER2-overexpressing (n = 37) MBC were enrolled. No confirmed responses were found in triple-negative MBC patients, with median progression-free survival (PFS) of 2.2 months (95 % CI 1.3–2.7 months). Confirmed partial responses occurred in 4 of 34 evaluable HER2-overexpressing MBC patients (ORR = 12 %; 95 % CI 3–27 %) and lasted a median of 12.5 months (95 % CI, 6.2–14.7 months); median PFS was 3.8 months (95 % CI, 1.8–5.5 months). Most trabectedin-related adverse events were mild or moderate, and the most frequent were fatigue, nausea, vomiting, constipation, and anorexia. Severe neutropenia and transaminase increases were non-cumulative and transient and were mostly managed by infusion delays or dose reductions. Single-agent trabectedin is well tolerated in aggressive MBC and has moderate activity in HER2-overexpressing tumors. Further studies are warranted to evaluate trabectedin combined with HER2-targeted treatments in this subtype. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Smith J.W.,II | Vukelja S.,Texas Oncology Tyler | Hoffman A.D.,Eastchester Center for Cancer Care | Jones V.E.,North Star Lodge Cancer Center | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Breast Cancer | Year: 2016

Background The present phase II, open-label, multicenter study explored the feasibility, safety, and tolerability of eribulin, a novel non-taxane microtubule inhibitor, plus capecitabine as adjuvant therapy. Patients and Methods Postmenopausal women with early-stage, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, estrogen-receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer received four 21-day cycles of treatment with eribulin mesylate (1.4 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1 and 8 of each cycle) combined with capecitabine (900 mg/m2 orally twice daily on days 1-14 of each cycle [standard schedule] or 1500 mg orally twice daily using a 7-days on/7-days off schedule [weekly schedule]). Feasibility was determined by the relative dose intensity (RDI) of the combination using prespecified criteria for 80% of patients achieving an RDI of ≥ 85%, with a lower 95% confidence boundary > 70%. Results The mean RDI was 90.6%, and the feasibility rate was 81.3% among women (n = 67, mean age, 61.3 years) receiving the standard schedule and 95.6% and 100% among women (n = 10, mean age 62.3 years) receiving the weekly schedule. Dose reductions, missed doses, and withdrawals due to adverse events (most commonly hand-foot syndrome) ascribed to capecitabine led to a higher RDI (93.5% vs. 87.8%) and feasibility rate (82.8% vs. 71.9%) for eribulin than for capecitabine using the standard dosing schedule. The most common adverse events were alopecia and fatigue. Conclusion Eribulin plus capecitabine with standard or weekly dosing schedules is feasible in patients with early-stage, HER2-negative, ER-positive breast cancer. Full-dose eribulin (1.4 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8) with capecitabine (1500 mg orally twice daily, 7 days on/7 days off) is recommended as a regimen for further evaluation. © 2016 The Authors.

Infante J.R.,Tennessee Oncology PLLC | Reid T.R.,University of California at San Diego | Cohn A.L.,Rocky Mountain Cancer Centers | Edenfield W.J.,Cancer Centers of the Carolinas | And 10 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND In this multicenter, open-label, randomized phase 2 trial, the authors evaluated the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor axitinib, bevacizumab, or both in combination with chemotherapy as first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). METHODS Patients with previously untreated mCRC were randomized 1:1:1 to receive continuous axitinib 5 mg twice daily, bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks, or axitinib 5 mg twice daily plus bevacizumab 2 mg/kg every 2 weeks, each in combination with modified 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/oxaliplatin (FOLFOX-6). The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR). RESULTS In all, 126 patients were enrolled from August 2007 to September 2008. The ORR was numerically inferior in the axitinib arm (n = 42) versus the bevacizumab arm (n = 43; 28.6% vs 48.8%; 1-sided P =.97). Progression-free survival (PFS) (11.0 months vs 15.9 months; 1-sided P =.57) and overall survival (OS) (18.1 months vs 21.6 months; 1-sided P =.69) also were numerically inferior in the axitinib arm. Similarly, efficacy endpoints for the axitinib/bevacizumab arm (n = 41) were numerically inferior (ORR, 39%; PFS, 12.5 months; OS, 19.7 months). The patients who received axitinib had fewer treatment cycles compared with other arms. Common all-grade adverse events across all 3 treatment arms were fatigue, diarrhea, and nausea (all ≥49%). Hypertension and headache were more frequent in the patients who received axitinib. Patients in the bevacizumab arm had the longest treatment exposures and the highest rates of peripheral neuropathy. CONCLUSIONS Neither the addition of continuous axitinib nor the axitinib/bevacizumab combination to FOLFOX-6 improved ORR, PFS, or OS compared with bevacizumab as first-line treatment of mCRC. © 2013 American Cancer Society.

Jones S.E.,McKesson | Collea R.,McKesson | Paul D.,McKesson | Sedlacek S.,McKesson | And 18 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: Previous results suggest that docetaxel plus cyclophosphamide improves disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival compared with doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide in early stage breast cancer. We assessed the addition of 1 year of trastuzumab to a non-anthracycline regimen, docetaxel plus cyclophosphamide, in patients with HER2-amplified early stage breast cancer and examined whether this regimen was equally effective in patients with TOP2A-amplified and TOP2A-non-amplified disease. Methods: This was an open-label, single-group, phase 2 study. Eligible patients were aged 18-75 years; had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 1 or less; HER2-amplified early stage breast cancer; operable, histologically confirmed, invasive carcinoma of the breast; adequate tumour specimen available for FISH analysis of TOP2A status; and adequate haematological, renal, hepatic, and cardiac function. Patients received four 21-day cycles of intravenous docetaxel 75 mg/m2, plus intravenous cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2, plus intravenous trastuzumab 4 mg/kg (loading dose) on day 1 and 2 mg/kg on days 1, 8, and 15 during chemotherapy, followed by trastuzumab 6 mg/kg every three weeks for the remainder of 1 year. The primary endpoint was 2-year DFS in TOP2A-amplified and TOP2A-non-amplified patients; the primary analysis was done by intention to treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00493649. Findings: 493 patients were enrolled between June 15, 2007, and Aug 5, 2009. After a median follow-up of 36·1 months (IQR 35·5-36·7), 2-year DFS was 97·8% (95% CI 94·2-99·2) and 2-year overall survival was 99·5% (95% CI 96·2-99·9) for the 190 patients with TOP2A-amplified disease; 2-year DFS was 97·9% (95% CI 94·9-99·1) and 2-year overall survival was 98·8% (95% CI 96·2-99·6) for the 248 patients with TOP2A-non-amplified disease; 55 patients were not assessable for TOP2A status. In the 486 patients who received at least one dose of study drug, the most common adverse events of any grade were fatigue (284 patients, 58·4%), neutropenia (250, 51·4%), and nausea (217, 44·7%). The most common grade 3-4 toxic effects were neutropenia (229, 47·1%), febrile neutropenia (30, 6·2%), fatigue (21, 4·3%), and diarrhoea (16, 3·3%). Cardiac dysfunction occurred in 29 (6·0%) patients (12 [2·5%] grade 1, 15 [3·1%] grade 2, and two [0·4%] grade 3). 23 patients had at least one study-related serious adverse event. 16 patients stopped trastuzumab because of cardiac dysfunction. Interpretation: A short, four-cycle regimen of docetaxel and cyclophosphamide combined with trastuzumab could be an option for adjuvant treatment of women with lower risk HER2-amplified early breast cancer, irrespective of TOP2A status. Funding: Sanofi. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

O'Shaughnessy J.,Baylor Sammons Cancer Center | Koeppen H.,Genentech | Xiao Y.,Genentech | Lackner M.R.,Genentech | And 14 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2015

Purpose: We conducted a randomized phase III study to determine whether patients with early breast cancer would benefit from the addition of capecitabine (X) to a standard regimen of doxorubicin (A) plus cyclophosphamide (C) followed by docetaxel (T). Experimental Design: Treatment comprised eight cycles of AC→T (T dose: 100 mg/m2 on day 1) or AC→XT (X dose: 825 mg/m2 twice daily, days 1-14; T dose: 75 mg/m2 on day 1). The primary endpoint was 5-year disease-free survival (DFS). Results: Of 2,611 women, 1,304 were randomly assigned to receive AC→T and 1,307 to receive AC→XT. After a median follow-up of 5 years, the study failed to meet its primary endpoint [HR, 0.84; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.67-1.05; P=0.125]. A significant improvement in overall survival, a secondary endpoint, was seen with AC→XT versus AC→T (HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.51-0.92; P = 0.011). There were no unexpected adverse events. Of patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive/HER2-negative disease, 70% of whom were node-positive, 26% and 59% had tumors with a centrally assessed Ki-67 score of <10% or <20%, respectively, and only 17 (2%) and 53 (6%) DFS events, respectively, occurred in these groups at 7 years. Conclusions: The very low event rate in patients with ERpositive, low Ki-67 cancers, regardless of nodal status, strongly suggests that these patients should not be enrolled in adjuvant trials that assess 5-year DFS rates and that central Ki-67 analyses can identify these patients. © 2015 American Association for Cancer Research.

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