Terrestrial Ecology Unit

Gent, Belgium

Terrestrial Ecology Unit

Gent, Belgium
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Bosmans R.,Terrestrial Ecology Unit | Castro A.,Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi
Arachnology | Year: 2016

A new species of the genus Tenuiphantes is described from France and Spain: Tenuiphantes cantabropyrenaeus Bosmans, n. sp. The species looks like T. jacksoni, T. jacksonoides, and T. zimmermanni. However, the location of the tooth of the lamella characteristica and the shape of the scape distinguish T. cantabropyrenaus from these species. A diagnosis is provided for the new species, together with notes on distribution and habitat. © 2016, British Arachnological Society. All rights reserved.

Bosmans R.,Terrestrial Ecology Unit | Ozkutuk R.S.,Anadolu University | Varli S.V.,Balikesir University | Kunt K.B.,Poligon Site 71 27 B
Turkish Journal of Zoology | Year: 2014

A new species of Zodarion Walckenaer, 1826 is described based on material collected in the Marmara region of Turkey. Morphological and diagnostic characters and illustrations of the genitalia of both sexes are presented, and the differences with the closely related Zodarion turcicum Wunderlich, 1980 are pointed out. © TÜBİTAK.

Uyar Z.,University of Science and Arts of Iran | Bosmans R.,Terrestrial Ecology Unit
Entomological News | Year: 2014

A total of 17 species were recorded from West-Anatolia (Aydin, Balikesir, Bursa and Manisa); Araneus triguttatus (Fabricius, 1793) and Araniella proxima (Kulczyn'ski, 1885) are new for the territory of Turkey. The two species are diagnosed, illustrated and described.

Bosmans R.,Terrestrial Ecology Unit | Oger P.,Rue du Grand Vivier 14
Arthropoda Selecta | Year: 2014

The male of the new species Typhochrestus pekkai sp.n. is described from Corsica, France is. It is probably another endemic species of the island. © 2014 Arthropoda Selecta.

PubMed | Smithsonian Institution, University of The Azores and Terrestrial Ecology Unit
Type: | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2014

Savigniorrhipis topographicus new species is described from the Azores. The synapomorphies of Savigniorrhipis are discussed along with the affinities of the genus within the Savignia-group. Given the extremely restricted and increasingly disturbed habitat, S. topographicus new species should be classified as Critically Endangered and its single forest habitat at Topo (So Jorge Island) should increase its current protection level to a strict nature reserve.

Centromerus isaiai Bosmans n. sp. is described on both sexes on specimens collected in Sardinia and Corsica. Palliduphantes paoloi Wunderlich, 1995 is a junior synonym of P. angustiformis (Simon, 1884). Palliduphantes prodigialis (Simon, 1884) is removed from the synonymy of P. angustiformis Simon, 1884 and placed in the synonymy of P. longisetus Simon, 1884. Lipocrea epeiroides (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872) and Tapinopa disjugata Simon, 1884 are new species for Italy; first detailed ecological notes are given for the former one. Fourteen species are added to the fauna of Sardinia. © 2015, British Arachnological Society. All rights reserved.

Bosmans R.,Terrestrial Ecology Unit | van Keer J.,Bormstraat 204 bus 3
African Invertebrates | Year: 2015

Cithaeron dippenaarae sp. n. is described from both sexes. The species occurs in stony regions in the south of Morocco. © FUNPEC-RP.

Van Keer J.,Bormstraat 204 bus 3 | Bosmans R.,Terrestrial Ecology Unit
Zootaxa | Year: 2014

Four spitting spider species in the genus Scytodes are recorded from the Maghreb: Scytodes annulipes Simon, 1907, stat. n. (elevated to species rank), S . major Simon, 1885, S. velutina Heineken & Lowe, 1832 and Scytodes seppoi Bosmans & Van Keer, sp. n. The male and female of the latter are described and illustrated. No recent records of the commonly cited S. thoracica (Latreille, 1804) can be provided, so earlier citations are considered to be erroneous. Images, illustrations and new distribution data of the other three known species in the Maghreb are given. Copyright © 2014 Magnolia Press

Igic B.,University of Akron | Igic B.,Australian National University | D'Alba L.,University of Akron | D'Alba L.,Terrestrial Ecology Unit | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Experimental Biology | Year: 2016

Males of many species often use colourful and conspicuous ornaments to attract females. Among these, male manakins (family: Pipridae) provide classic examples of sexual selection favouring the evolution of bright and colourful plumage coloration. The highly iridescent feather colours of birds are most commonly produced by the periodic arrangement of melanin-containing organelles (melanosomes) within barbules. Melanin increases the saturation of iridescent colours seen from optimal viewing angles by absorbing back-scattered light; however, this may reduce the wide-angle brightness of these signals, contributing to a dark background appearance. We examined the nanostructure of four manakin species (Lepidothrix isidorei, L. iris, L. nattereri and L. coeruleocapilla) to identify how they produce their bright plumage colours. Feather barbs of all four species were characterized by dense and fibrous internal spongy matrices that likely increase scattering of light within the barb. The iridescent, yet pale or whitish colours of L. iris and L. nattereri feathers were produced not by periodically arranged melanosomes within barbules, but by periodic matrices of air and β-keratin within barbs. Lepidothrix iris crown feathers were able to produce a dazzling display of colours with small shifts in viewing geometry, likely because of a periodic nanostructure, a flattened barb morphology and disorder at a microstructural level. We hypothesize that iridescent plumage ornamentsof male L.iris and L. nattereri are under selection to increase brightness or luminance across wide viewing angles, which may potentially increase their detectability by females during dynamic and fast-paced courtship displays in dim light environments. © 2016. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

Examination of the type material of the forgotten species Liocranum ochraceum Simon, 1867 reveals this species has to be transferred to the genus Anagraphis comb. nov. and that Anagraphis pallida (Hadjissarantos, 1940) is its junior synonym (syn. nov.). Furthermore, the monotypic genus Macedoniella Drensky, 1935 is a junior synonym of Anagraphis and M. karamani a junior synonym of Anagraphis ochraceum (L. Koch, 1867) (syn. nov.). © 2014, Arachnologische Gesellschaft e.V… All rights reserved.

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