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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Quinsac A.,Terres Inovia | Labalette F.,Terres Univia | Carre P.,CREOL | Parachini E.,Terres Inovia | Jouffret P.,Terres Inovia
OCL - Oilseeds and fats | Year: 2015

In the context of the development of soybean cultivation in the South-Western France and from a diagnosis of the seed production and feeding industry sectors stakeholders in this region, the establishment of a crushing unit is studied under three scenarios of crushing capacity and location (3000 tons per year (t/year) in the Tarn-Aveyron area, 15 000 t/year in the Gers area and 30 000 t/year in the Garonne valley). The chosen process (flaking-cooking-pressing) allows the production of soymeal whose feed value is close to imported defatted soymeal. A model for calculating the net crushing margin simulated operations and economic results of these crushing units from 2014 to 2007. For 3000, 15 000 and 30 000 t/year scenarios, the results obtained show that increasing the size of the plant greatly reduces the crushing cost (119.6 €/t, 44.9 €/t and 33.6 €/t, respectively) and that the transport costs were logically affected by the density of production and consumption areas. The created economic surplus amounted to -72, 10 and -2 €/t on average respectively, for the 2007-2014 period and improved considerably for the last five quarters (-25, 57 and 45 €/t). The functioning of the sector was simulated by the views of the various economic actors (farmers, elevators, animal breeder) to assess the benefit derived. Prospects are indicated for reducing costs and improving the value of products created. © A. Quinsac et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2015. Source


Dauguet S.,Terres Inovia | Labalette F.,Terres Univia | Fine F.,Terres Inovia | Carre P.,OLEAD | And 2 more authors.
OCL - Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids | Year: 2016

Sunflower seed quality, in particular the characteristics of hullability and protein content, has a significant impact on the protein content of the resulting meal. Seeds dehulled before crushing produce a meal with a protein content of approximately 36%; without dehulling, the protein content is typically in the range of 27-29%. This study seeks to assess the effect of sunflower variety on hullability and protein content. Genetic effects were studied by means of seed samples obtained from a network of variety evaluation trials undertaken across the production area in France for sunflowers. For both characteristics, significant differences between cultivars were observed; as a consequence, the potential protein content of their dehulled meals also ranged widely (34-44%). Genetic selection, which provides substantial improvements in both oil content and fatty acid composition, should therefore be expected to enhance the quality of sunflower meal. © 2016 S. Dauguet et al., Published by EDP Sciences. Source


The aim of this study was the assessment of the environmental, economic and social effect of soybean insertion in the French south-west cropping systems. A multi-criteria evaluation was carried out, with the evaluation tool SYSTERRE®. Five farms were studied and the choice took into account several criteria: rotation types, introduction rate of soybean on the farm, soil and climate. The results allowed confirming and quantifying two soybean environmental strengths: low greenhouse gas emissions and pesticides moderate use. The economic study showed, in the 2012 price context, that irrigated maize performed better than soybean in situations where water resource was not limited. On the opposite, under hydric constraint situations, soybean was advantaged. Simulations were then made taking into account several price scenario (low price of agriculture commodities, increase of inputs prices, high prices of protein rich commodities...). They showed that, soybean would become economically attractive in many situations. These results lead to expect an increase of the French south-western soybean surfaces in the coming years. © P. Jouffret et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2015. Source


Le Cadre P.,CEREOPA | Pressenda F.,CEREOPA | Labalette F.,Terres Univia | Peyronnet C.,Terres Univia
OCL - Oilseeds and fats | Year: 2015

The opportunity to set up a French integrated value chain from the production of soybean to the use of soybean meal is linked to its economic feasibility and in particular to the valorization of co-products. The study at the regional level (Southwest and Rhône Alpes) shows that a local partially defatted soybean meal has many lucrative opportunities related or not, to its non GMO character and its image "terroir". This gives it an economic interest against an imported soybean meal (standard or non GMO), which can however vary depending on the context of price, but also on the basis of the decisions of last market which will be made by the operators concerned (contracting or not for high quality markets). © P. Le Cadre et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2015. Source


Tressou J.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Pasteau S.,Phasme | Darrigo Dartinet S.,Dieteticienne Nutritionniste | Simon N.,Terres Univia | Le Guillou C.,Terres Univia
OCL - Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids | Year: 2016

In September 2014, the French agency for food, environmental and occupational health & safety (Anses) allowed free access to all the raw data obtained from its national study on individual food consumption 2006-2007 (INCA 2). Terres Univia wishes to improve knowledge of plant-based fats. To this end, Terres Univia led a detailed statistical study of the French population's intake of fatty acids and of the contribution of plant-based fats to this intake. It was then possible to compare this intake data to the recommended dietary intake (RDI) of fatty acids defined by Anses in 2010. The study reveals that, for the adult population, the total average daily intake of fat is 38.0% of the total energy intake excluding alcohol (EIEA). This figure meets the RDI, i.e. 35-40% of the EIEA. However, detailed analysis reveals that the intake of certain fatty acid (FA) fails to satisfy in some cases the values recommended by Anses. Thus it is important to choose the fat you eat. In September 2015, Anses issued its own report on the fatty acids intakes of the population living in France, and the comparison to the RDI 2010. Their results are similar to those of Terres Univia. © J. 2016 Tressou et al., published by EDP Sciences. Source

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