Ryan C.O.,Terrapin Bright Green LLC |
Browning W.D.,Terrapin Bright Green LLC |
Clancy J.O.,Terrapin Bright Green LLC |
Andrews S.L.,Terrapin Bright Green LLC |
Kallianpurkar N.B.,Terrapin Bright Green LLC
Archnet-IJAR | Year: 2014
This paper carries forth the conceptual framework for biophilic design that was first laid out by Cramer and Browning in Biophilic Design (2008), which established three categories meant to help define biophilic buildings - Nature in the Space, Natural Analogues and Nature of the Space - and a preliminary list of "biophilic conditions". New research and insights from the neurosciences, endocrinology and other fields have since helped evolve the scientific basis for biophilic design. This paper begins to articulate this growing body of research and emerging design parameters in architectural terms, so that we may draw connections between fields of study, highlight potential avenues for future research, evolve our understanding of biophilic design patterns, and capture the positive psychophysiological and cognitive benefits afforded by biophilia in our design interventions. © 2014 Archnet-IJAR, International Journal of Architectural Research.
Browning B.,Terrapin Bright Green LLC |
Hartley A.,Terrapin Bright Green LLC |
Knop T.,Terrapin Bright Green LLC |
Starkey C.,Terrapin Bright Green LLC |
Wayne C.,CB Wayne PLLC
CTBUH Journal | Year: 2014
The genesis of PlaNYC, New York City's ambitious sustainability agenda, was the need to accommodate an estimated one million more people by 2030 within the existing urban fabric. First released in 2007 with an update in 2011, PlaNYC sets its sights on what New York City needs to accomplish by 2030 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, protect the quality of drinking water, and reduce wastewater outflows while improving the quality of life for 9.1 million inhabitants.