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Los Angeles, CA, United States

El-Awar N.,One Lambda Inc. | Nguyen A.,One Lambda Inc. | Almeshari K.,King Faisal Specialist Hospital And Research Center | Alawami M.,King Faisal Specialist Hospital And Research Center | And 4 more authors.
Human Immunology

Donor-specific antibodies (DSA) in sera of sensitized transplant patients are often produced against the specific epitopes on mismatched HLA antigens. In this study, we selected sera from 30 kidney transplant patients with DSA and AMR to define DQ epitopes. Using adsorption and elution assays, we identified 18 antibody reaction patterns to define 6 new epitopes and to confirm 12 previously defined epitopes. In one patient case, one mismatched antigen produced 3 different antibodies and, in another, antibodies were produced against the alpha and beta chains of the same antigen. For some sera, a single epitope can explain reactions for 27 of the 29 DQ beads in the single antigen panel. Several studies highlighted the prevalence of anti-DQ antibodies. In 2011, Almeshari et al. observed DQ DSA in 34/46 (74%) of rejection episodes - 44 patients had DSA and 20 lost their graft due to AMR. Other studies have shown a high prevalence of anti-DQ antibodies and an association with adverse effects on the graft. We conclude that analysis of the epitopes of the DQ antibodies using Adsorption/Elution and testing on single antigen DQ beads helps to better understand the specificities and cross-reactions of DQ antibodies in transplant patients. © 2013 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Source

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