Diniz G.,Tepecik Research Hospital |
Tosun Yildirim H.,Dr Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital |
Calkavur S.,Dr Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital |
Ecevit C.,Dr Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Fetal and Pediatric Pathology | Year: 2015
Background/Aims: The basic problem in diagnosis of neonatal cholestasis (NC) is to differentiate biliary atresia (BA) from other non-obstructive disorders. Because if bile flow cannot be provided by surgery, BA leads to cirrhosis and death within the first year of life. The aim of the present study is to determine histopathological features that may help to differentiate BA from neonatal hepatitis (NH). Material and Methods: This retrospective study was carried out on 105 liver biopsy specimens of 74 infants with NC who were diagnosed between 2003 and 2012. Results: The mean age was 76.5 ± 40.64 days. The most valuable biopsy findings for the discrimination between NH and BA, in decreasing order of importance, were ductular proliferation (p < 0.001), cholestasis in neoductuli (p < 0.001), fibrosis (p = 0.002), and extramedullar hematopoiesis (p = 0.02). While Kasai operations were performed in 19 cases, liver transplantation was performed in 10 cases. Survival rate among the death cases with BA was longer than the survival time of the death cases with NH (p = 0.023). Currently more children live with a close to normal quality of life with portoenterostomy and/or liver transplantation. On the contrary, NH can be more fatal with associated disorders such as growth retardation, specific infections, respiratory distress, and metabolic or endocrine diseases. © 2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Uygungul E.,Silifke State Hospital |
Ayrik C.,Mersin University |
Narci H.,Mersin University |
Erdoan S.,Mersin University |
And 3 more authors.
Advances in Hematology | Year: 2014
Background. Warfarin is a commonly used oral anticoagulant agent. The most common adverse effects of warfarin are bleeding complications.Methods. We performed a 1-year retrospective chart review of emergency department patients using warfarin. A total of 65 patients with bleeding disorder (study group) and 63 patients without bleeding (control group) were included, making up a total of 128 subjects. Demographic data, frequency of international normalized ratio (INR) checks, and routine blood results were extracted. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine which factors were most closely associated with bleeding complications.Results. Median age was 62.0 ± 14.4 and 61.9 ± 14.5 for study group and control group, respectively. Educational status and frequency of INR checks were similar in both groups (P = 0.101 and P = 0.483, resp.). INR levels were higher in the study group (5.45 ± 3.98 versus 2.63 ± 1.71, P < 0.001). Creatinine levels were also higher in the study group (1.14 ± 0.57 mg/dL versus 0.94 ± 0.38 mg/dL, P = 0.042). Acetylsalicylic acid use was more frequent in the study group and was associated with a 9-fold increase in bleeding complications (P < 0.001).Conclusions. High INR levels, high creatinine levels, and acetylsalicylic acid use were associated with bleeding complications in ED patients using warfarin. © 2014 Evren Uygungül et al.
Yener S.,Dokuz Eylul University |
Yilmaz H.,Tepecik Research Hospital |
Demir T.,Dokuz Eylul University |
Secil M.,Dokuz Eylul University |
Comlekci A.,Dokuz Eylul University
Endocrine | Year: 2014
The diagnostic accuracy of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) to predict subclinical Cushing's syndrome (sCS) has been a matter of debate. The primary objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic power of DHEAS in predicting sCS. This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary referral center and based on subjects referred between 2004 and 2014. Data of 249 subjects with adrenal incidentalomas were evaluated. We also reviewed 604 DHEAS measurements from adults, which were performed during the same period in our laboratory (LB group). Adrenocortical function, tumor size, and clinical characteristics were assessed. We diagnosed sCS in 15.2 % of the participants in the presence of ≥2 of the following; 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test >3.0 μg/dl, urinary free cortisol >70 μg/24 h, and corticotrophin (ACTH) <10 pg/ml. DHEAS levels were significantly reduced in patients with sCS (n = 38) compared to sCS (-) (n = 141) and LB groups (n = 604) (27.95, 65.90, and 66.80 μg/dl, respectively, p < 0.001) while age was comparable. The ROC curve analysis showed that the cut-off of the DHEAS with the best diagnostic accuracy for detecting sCS was 40.0 μg/dl (SN, 68 %; SP, 75; PPV, 43 %; NPV, 90 %, AUC: 0.788, p < 0.001). Logistic regression assessed the impact of age, BMI, low DHEAS (<40 μg/dl), bilateral tumors, and tumor size on the likelihood of having sCS. The strongest predictor was low DHEAS, recording an OR of 9.41. DHEAS levels are inversely associated with the extent of cortisol excess. In subjects with intermediate laboratory findings, detection of low DHEAS could be advantageous for distinguishing sCS. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Arican A.,Mersin University |
Bozkurt T.,Tepecik Research Hospital |
Bozcuk H.,Akdeniz University |
Demirkan B.,Dokuz Eylul University |
And 16 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2014
Purpose: This study aimed to report the practice of managing breast cancer with bone metastasis in Turkey and to determine the adherence to the British Association of Surgical Oncology (BASO) guidelines.Methods: This multicenter, cross-sectional epidemiological survey was conducted in 38 centers across Turkey. Data from 1,026 breast cancer patients with bone metastases (mean age 54.0 ± 11.9 years) were analyzed.Results: Over 30 % of patients had a diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer (stage IV) at the time of primary diagnosis. The imaging modalities used for diagnosing bone metastases were bone scintigraphy (57.8 %), radiography (22.8 %), and bone survey (4.4 %). Tumor markers were detected in 94.9 %, and markers of bone metabolism were measured in 90.4 % of patients. A total of 3.5 % of patients underwent surgery for bone metastasis, 26.4 % underwent palliative chemotherapy (most commonly docetaxel + capecitabine), and 56.5 % endured radiotherapy. Most patients (96 %) also received bisphosphonate. Radiography, bone scintigraphy, and CT were the main imaging tools used for postoperative follow-up of bone metastasis. Our results were >95 % in line with the BASO guidelines for the management of bone metastasis, except that interventional procedures, such as biopsy, were applied less frequently in our survey.Conclusions: The diagnosis and management practices of breast cancer with bone metastasis in Turkey were generally compatible with international guidelines. However, the awareness and knowledge of physicians on the current guidelines should be increased, and equipment for the appropriate interventional procedures should be provided in every clinic to obtain optimal and standard management of bone metastases. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Diniz G.,Tepecik Research Hospital |
Tosun Yildirim H.,Research Hospital |
Akinci G.,Research Hospital |
Hazan F.,Research Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Pediatric Neurology | Year: 2014
Background The sarcoglycan alpha gene, also known as the adhalin gene, is located on chromosome 17q21; mutations in this gene are associated with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2D. We describe two Turkish siblings with findings consistent with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2D. The evaluation excluded a dystrophinopathy, which is the most common form of muscular dystrophy. Patients Both siblings had very high levels of creatinine phosphokinase and negative molecular tests for deletions and duplications of the dystrophin gene. The older boy presented at 8 years of age with an inability to climb steps and an abnormal gait. His younger brother was 5 years old and had similar symptoms. The muscle biopsy evaluation was performed only in the older brother. Results The muscle biopsy showed dystrophic features as well as a deficiency in the expression of two different glycoproteins: the alpha sarcoglycan and the gamma sarcoglycan. Sarcolemmal expressions of dystrophin and other sarcoglycans (beta and delta) were diffusely present. DNA analysis demonstrated the presence of previously unknown homozygous mutations [c.226 C > T (p.L76 F)] in exon 3 in the sarcoglycan alpha genes of both siblings. Similar heterozygous point mutations at the same locus were found in both parents, but the genes of beta, delta, and gamma sarcoglycan were normal in the remaining family members. Conclusions We describe two siblings with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2D with a novel missense mutation. These patients illustrate that the differential diagnosis of muscular dystrophies is impossible with clinical findings alone. Therefore, a muscle biopsy and DNA analysis remain essential methods for diagnosis of muscle diseases. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.