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Bomet, Kenya

Goenka M.K.,Institute of Gastrosciences | White R.E.,Tenwek Hospital
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences | Year: 2014

The following, from the 12th OESO World Conference: Cancers of the Esophagus, includes commentaries on nutritional support during chemoradiation, esophageal stents before surgery, and stenting the cervical esophagus. © 2014 New York Academy of Sciences. Source

Long K.L.,University of Kentucky | Spears C.,Tenwek Hospital | Kenady D.E.,University of Kentucky | Scott Roth J.,University of Kentucky
Journal of Surgical Education | Year: 2014

Background Training outside the operating room has become a mainstay of surgical education. Laparoscopic training often takes place in a simulation setting. Advanced laparoscopic procedures are now commonplace, even in third-world countries with minimal hospital resources. We sought to implement a low-cost laparoscopic skills curriculum in a general surgery residency program in East Africa.Study Design The laparoscopic skills curriculum created and validated at the University of Kentucky was presented to the 10 general surgery residents at Tenwek Hospital. The curriculum and all materials were purchased for approximately $50 (USD). The residents in Kenya had access to laparoscopic trainer boxes and personal laptops to perform the simulations. Residents were timed on their performance at the initiation of the project and after 3 weeks of practice.Results Residents were tested on 3 separate tasks (cannulation drill, peg board, and rope pass). At the initiation of the project, residents were unable to complete the 3 tasks chosen for timing without a critical error (i.e., dropping a peg out of view). After 3 weeks of independent practice, residents were able to successfully complete the tasks, nearing the time limits established in the curriculum manual. Additional practice and testing sessions are scheduled for the remainder of the year.Conclusions Implementation of a low-cost laparoscopic skills curriculum in a third-world setting is feasible. This approach offers much-needed exposure and opportunities for residents with extremely limited resources and promises to be a vital aspect of the growing surgical residency training in third-world settings. © 2014 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Source

MacLeod J.B.A.,Emory University | Jones T.,Emory University | Aphivantrakul P.,Emory University | Chupp M.,Tenwek Hospital | Poenaru D.,Kijabe Hospital
Journal of Surgical Research | Year: 2011

Background: Critical care training for medical personnel is crucial for the survival of the highest acuity patients. The Fundamental Critical Care Course (FCCS), a critical care course developed by the Society of Critical Care Medicine, permits course adaption and, thus, has potential for global dissemination. The FCCS course was provided in two Kenyan hospitals after minimal adaption. Participant knowledge and confidence gain as well as FCCS applicability to an African context were evaluated. Methods: Questionnaires and a multiple-choice test were administered to assess knowledge, attitude, and self-reported confidence or self-efficacy. For applicability, the pre-course questionnaire assessed participant expectations and existing levels of confidence/knowledge in the care of the critically ill patient. Post-course, the participant evaluated the overall quality of the course, lectures, and skill stations along with context applicability questions. Results: There were 100 participants, 45 doctors, 45 nurses, and 10 clinical officers. There was a 22.7% gain in the mean test score (P < 0.0001) after the course, with 98% of participants showing improvement. Confidence to perform new skills post-course, or self-efficacy, was demonstrated by a median of 4 or greater on a Likert scale of 5 (most confident) in 10 of 12 clinical scenarios and in 11 of 14 new procedures. There was a consistency between areas reported as needed expertise, and participant evaluation of similar lecture and skill station's quality and appropriateness. The most common areas reported were mechanical ventilation, patient monitoring, and their related procedures. Conclusions: The FCCS course met participant's expectations and was reported as applicable for the Kenyan context with minimal adaption. Post-course, knowledge improved and confidence increased for implementation of new skills in clinical care situations. We confirmed the effectiveness and relevancy of the FCCS course for other resource-constrained health care settings. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Dawsey S.P.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Tonui S.,Tenwek Hospital | Parker R.K.,Brown University | Fitzwater J.W.,Texas Tech University | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

Certain geographically distinct areas of the world have very high rates of esophageal cancer (EC). Previous studies have identified western Kenya as a high risk area for EC with an unusual percentage of cases in subjects 30 years of age or younger. To better understand EC in these young patients, we abstracted available data on all 109 young patients diagnosed with EC at Tenwek Hospital, Bomet District, Kenya from January 1996 through June 2009, including age at diagnosis, sex, ethnicity, tumor histology, residence location, and medical interventions. We also attempted to contact all patients or a family member and obtained information on ethnicity, tobacco and alcohol use, family history of cancer, and survival. Sixty (55%) representatives of the 109 young patients were successfully interviewed. The median survival time of these 60 patients was 6.4 months, the most common tumor histology was esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) (98%), the M:F ratio was 1.4:1, and only a few subjects used tobacco (15%) or alcohol (15%). Seventy-nine percent reported a family history of cancer and 43% reported having a family history of EC. In summary, this case series describes the largest number of young EC patients reported to date, and it highlights the uniqueness of the EC experience in western Kenya. Source

Ooko P.B.,Tenwek Hospital | Wambua P.,Tenwek Hospital | Odera A.,Tenwek Hospital | Topazian H.M.,Tenwek Hospital | White R.,Tenwek Hospital
Pan African Medical Journal | Year: 2016

Introduction: Intestinal obstruction (IO) occurs when there is impedance to the flow of intestinal contents due to a congenital or acquired pathology, and is a common paediatric surgical emergency. This study aimed to assess the pattern and outcome of paediatric IO in western Kenya. Methods: A retrospective review of all recorded cases of mechanical IO in patients aged 15 years or below admitted at Tenwek Hospital between January 2009 and December 2013. Results: The cohort included a total of 217 children (130 boys and 87 girls). The mean age was 6.7 years (range: newborn-15 years), with most (65, 30%) cases aged 1-3 years. Vomiting (161, 74.2%), abdominal pain (152, 70%), abdominal tenderness (113, 52.1%), constipation (111, 51.2%), and abdominal distension (104, 47.9%) were the predominant signs and symptoms. The most common causes of IO were ascariasis (96, 44.2%), adhesions (34, 15.7%), and intussusception (30, 13.8%). Intussusception was the leading cause of IO in children aged≤1 year, ascariasis in children aged 1-5 and 6-10 years, and adhesions in children aged 11-15 years. Operative management was undertaken in 120 (55.3%) cases with 39 (32.5%) of these having gangrenous bowel. The overall mortality rate was 5%. Conclusion: The most common causes of mechanical bowel obstruction in this series were ascariasis, adhesions, and intussusception. Ascariasis remains a significant cause of paediatric IO in this region, thus Public education, improved sanitation and deworming campaigns may be helpful in reducing the worm burden. © Philip Blasto Ooko et al. Source

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